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* Scotch-Irish

This unusual term refers to those Presbyterian Scots who settled in Ulster (modern-day Northern Ireland) during the seventeenth century. From these 200,000 original settlers, up to 2 million of their descendants eventually reached North America.

The Scotch-Irish left Ulster as a result of neo-mercantilist British economic policy in the region, requirements that they pay 10% of their income to the Anglican Church, ongoing friction with their Catholic Irish neighbors, and greater economic opportunity in the New World. Although the Scotch-Irish settled throughout the colonies, they concentrated most heavily in Pennsylvania.

Contacts and Sources

The Scotch-Irish Foundation and the Scotch-Irish Society of the U.S.A.
P.O. Box 181
Bryn Mawr, PA 19010
Telephone: (610) 527-1818

Web Sites

In Helpful Web Sites, you can find links to useful resources about:


  • Scotch-Irish Family Research Made Simple, by R.G. Campbell
  • Tracing your Scottish Ancestry, by Kathleen B. Cory
  • The Scotch-Irish of Colonial Pennsylvania, by Wayland F. Dunaway
  • Irish and Scotch-Irish Ancestral Research, by Margaret D. Falley
  • The Scotch-Irish in America, by Henry Jones Ford
  • The Scotch-Irish or The Scot in North Britain, North Ireland, and North America, by Charles Augustus Hanna
  • Scotch Irish Pioneers in Ulster and America, by Charles Knowles
  • Scottish Family History, by David Moody
  • Scottish Local History, by David Moody
  • Scottish Family History: A Guide to Works of Reference on the History and Genealogy of Scottish Families, by Margaret Stuart

For some tips on researching abroad, see the topic All about international resources.

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