As you research your recent immigrants, consider whether they would
- applied for a U.S. passport
- registered for the draft in World War I
- registered for a Social Security number.
These three key documents may provide the specific
place name you are seeking. Because they also may include immigrants
who arrived as a wife, or children, and may not therefore be on a naturalization
record, they serve as useful complements to those records.
Passports are documents, issued by the U.S. State Department,
attesting to an individual's citizenship in the United States. They
are issued when citizens travel abroad (not counting Canada, for which
passports have never been required) for identification, and as a measure
Certainly not every U.S. citizen has had a passport.
In fact, the actual percentage of citizens with passports, especially
historically, is quite small. Individuals only apply for a passport
when they plan to travel overseas. They were not even required by U.S.
law until 1914.
However, a much higher percentage of naturalized citizens
travel overseas then do native-born citizens. This is, of course, due
to the fact that most immigrants still had family in the old country,
and many wished to visit their relatives -- especially after having
achieved some success in America. In preparation for such visits, these
former immigrants, now citizens, would apply for a passport. By 1930,
the State Department had issued more than 2.5 million passports.