Settlement of Canada
The area now known as Canada was settled as early as
various parts of the United States. The French established outposts
and later settlements in what became Nova Scotia in 1605 and Quebec
in 1608. The English began fur trading and settlement by the 1670s.
In 1713, the English received Nova Scotia and began colonizing there
As in the lower colonies, they established churches
and local governments, and kept records. Virtually all of the records
we will discuss in the next course, dealing with the Colonial time period,
apply for Canada as well as the future United States.
With the ending of the Revolutionary War, settlement in
Canada increased. Britain could no longer send their emigrants to the
United States (at least, not as a government action, such as when they
sent convicts to America in the 18th century). Government sponsored
emigration from Great Britain, which later turned to Australia,
greatly impacted the still British colonies in North America.
Nowhere was that more evident than in Ontario.
England obtained Quebec in 1763 as a result of the French
and Indian War. At that time, Quebec also included the area later known as
Ontario. After the U.S. Revolutionary War, the northern colonies, who had not
participated in the Revolution, and who had remained loyal to Great Britain became
known as British North America. In 1791, Quebec was divided into Lower
(later Eastern) Canada, later renamed Quebec, and Upper (later Western) Canada,
now known as Ontario.
Here then are the clues you can watch for in your research. Was your
ancestor ever associated with these terms?
- Lower Canada-Eastern Canada-Quebec
- Upper Canada-Western Canada-Ontario