I am re-posting this, since it got buried in a thread... and I see the argument still going on, so seems pertinent. Hope nobody minds.
COMPARISON OF TWO WILLIAM ANDERSONS IN QUESTION-Short version
CAPT. WILLIAM T. "BLOODY BILL" ANDERSON
Born: 1 Feb 1840 Palmyra, Marion, MO
Died: 27 Oct 1864 Battle of Albany, Orick, Ray, MO
Shot, and beheaded, age 24.
Bur: Pioneer Cemetery, Richmond, Ray, MO
Father: William C. Anderson, son of B. Anderson and Mary. He was born in 1820 VA.
Mother: Martha Jane Thomason, dau of William Thomason and Mahala Baker. She was born 1825 KY.
CENSUS REPORTS AND TIMELINE
1840 MO Marion County, Liberty Township (086)
William C. Anderson 10001-0001
1847 settled in Palmyra, Marion, MO, where his father was a member of the I.O.O.F.
1848 settled in Huntsville, Randolph, MO.
1850 MO Randolph County, Salt Spring (216)
William Anderson 30 m w hatter KY
Martha 25 f w KY
William 11 m w MO
Ellis 9 m w MO
James 6 m w MO
Mary C. 5 f w MO
Josephine 2 f w MO
Martha 5m f w MO
W. Thomason 51 m w hatter KY
Mahala 48 f w VA
1850 father went to California gold fields.
1854 father was back in Huntsville, Randolph, MO.
1857 settled Lyon, Rice, KS.
1860 KS Breckenridge County, Agnes (503)
39/24 28 Jun
William C. Anderson 40 m w farmer $500/$500 KY
Martha J. 36 f w KY
William T. 21 m w $500/ KY
James M. 17 m w IA
Mary E. 14 f w MO
Josephine 11 f w MO
Martha J. 8 f w MO
Charles 1 m w KS
1862 Bill's father was murdered in Agnes, KS.
WILLIAM COLUMBUS ANDERSON
Born: 7 Feb 1840 MO
Died: 1 Nov 1927 Salt Creek, Brown, TX, age 87.
Bur: Staley Cemetery, Brownwood, Brown, TX
Marr: 1863 TX Martha Missouri Elizabeth "Betty" Anderson, dau of Moses G. Anderson and Jane George. They were first cousins, fathers being brothers.
1863 Tax List Brown, TX
1870 TX Brown County, San Saba P. O. (120)
56/56 26 Jul
William Anderson 30 m w farmer $1000/$1000 MO
Elizabeth 34 f w keepinghouse GA
Frances 6 f w at home TX
Moses 3 m w at home TX
Mary J. 2 f w at home TX
John 11mo m w at home TX Jul
1880 TX Brown County, Justice Precinct No.1 (370)
1 Jun [Ed 23, Sh 1A]
Wm. C. Anderson w m 40 head farming MO GA GA
Martha E. w f 40 wife keepshouse GA GA GA
Francis w m 16 son farming TX MO GA
Moses w m 13 son farming TX MO GA
Mary J. w f 12 dau TX MO GA
Samuel H. w m 10 son farming TX MO GA
Harriet E. w f 8 dau TX MO GA
Robt. E. w m 6 son TX MO GA
Texanna w f 4 dau TX MO GA
Stormey w m 2 son TX MO GA
Ruffy w m 1 son TX MO GA
1900 TX Brown County, Justice Precinct, Brownwood (048)
159/165 15 Jun [Ed 3, Sh 10]
William Anderson head w m Feb 1840 60 M 37 MO GA SC
Martha Harriett wife w f Feb 1835 65 M 37 12 7 GAGASC
Storm son w m Sep 1877 23 S TX MO GA
Patrick H. son w m Nov 1880 19 S TX MO GA
1910 TX Brown County, Justice Precinct 1 (084)
184/187 8 May [Ed 96, Sh 11]
Will C. Anderson head m w 70 m1 44 MO GA SC
Elizabeth wife f w 75 m2 44 10 7 GA GA SC
1920 TX Brown County, Justice Precinct 1 (062)
239/264 19 Feb
William C. Anderson head m w 80 W MO GA SC
Linda Snyder, KCMO