John: FYI the "old way" of entering international characters in R was much wierder than using hex. For instance, if you wanted an "A" with an umlaut you had to type the "A", backspace over it, and then type a colon. Anyway, I'm now convinced neither the em-dash or ellipis is the problem. Still not sure what IS the problem. I'll keep plunking away. Obviously I need to download a cc of the RTF specs and do some serious homework.