Militia companies during the War of 1812 were ‘short-lived.’ The peacetime militia companies were not called to duty because of state law; instead, officers were selected by seniority to organize new companies for duty. These new companies were organized from battalions (4 companies) or regiments (8 companies). Therefore, the men in these new companies may not have served together in peacetime. If an officer was not selected to be a company officer, he may have volunteered to be a sergeant or a private. He would keep his peacetime officer’s rank and serve a tour of duty in the enlisted ranks. Upon completion of his tour, he would become an officer again. Robert Lucas of Scioto County was a brigadier general in the militia and he served as a private with General Hull’s army at Fort Detroit. After his tour he would became a major general in the militia. He also had a captain’s commission with the volunteers and a later lieutenant colonel’s commission in the volunteers. The records for the War of 1812 veterans were never consolidated so if your ancestor served more than once, you will have multiple service records to purchase. Civil War records are consolidated. During the war, the states and territories still controlled the militia and the volunteers while during the Civil War the federal government controlled the volunteers. The federal government did better record keeping. At the minimum, you will receive one muster report and one payroll report with each service record.
Wooster was in extreme danger from Indian attacks early in the war. The “Great Trail” passed just south of Wooster. This Indian trail was a major trail, which connected the Chesapeake Bay with Detroit. It went from the upper Chesapeake Bay to Fort Pitt over to East Liverpool in Ohio. From East Liverpool, it went to Fort Laurens in Tuscarawas County to Wooster to Mansfield and then north to the Sandusky Bay. From the bay, it swung around Lake Erie to Detroit. During September 1812, an Indian war party of 40 braves attacked settlements in Richland County (Mansfield) and they killed a number of settlers and militiamen. Another, smaller, party traveled to New Philadelphia there three of the braves were captured. These war parties used the Great Trail. Today, US Route 250 follows the trail between Tuscarawas County and Sandusky.
The History of Richland County gives the history of Gen. Beall’s brigade of which Col. Anderson’s regiment was apart of. You can find it on-line at: