My father was with the 159th Infantry Regiment from about Jan 1945 until September 9, 1945 when he was transferred to the 100th Inf Div.Among his processions was a worn 106th Inf Div patch.I have been trying to find out where he was and what he did during his time in the ETO.Ihad some one from St. Louis look up Morning Reports at the records center, NARA, hoping those reports would reveal information about his promotion and transfers.They did, but there was not much on the 159th.The only one I have is from September 9, 1945 and the Hq & Hq Co 3rd Bn 159th Inf Reg was at Bruchsal, Germany on that date. I wrote an email to the California State Military Museum hoping that they would have some detailed information on the 159th.When I’ve done a search of the 159th on the web there is little info. The 159th was at Camp Swift, Texas prior to leaving from New York to La Harve, France.The regiment departed March 7 and arrived in France on March 18, 1945.
What campaign credit is listed on your father’s WD AGO Form 53-55 (report of separation).What decoration and citation?
Here’s the email I sent to the firstname.lastname@example.org CA State Military Museum.Maybe you have some insight into the questions I asked them and there may be some information in it you can use.Also, you might want to email or write them too.It they see there is an interest beyond me; it might prompt them to answer. The email: “I am trying to find out about the campaign credit the 159th Infantry Regiment received in World War II.My father was in that regiment when it went to Europe in March 1945. According to the Department of the Army Pamphlet 672-1 "Unit citation and campaign participation credit register," acknowledgement on your museum web site, and on my father’s WD AGO Form 53-55 (report of separation), the 159th received credit for the Northern France Campaign (NFC).The dates for this campaign are 25 July (some lists have it as 15 August)- 14 September 1944, which is about 6-8 months before the 159th arrived in the Europe.
Information I have is:
The 159th was attached to the 106th Infantry Division (ID) from 18 March 1945 to the end of hostilities.The regiment replaced one of the two regiments the 106th ID lost in the Battle of the Ardennes in December 1944.
The 159th spent about a month near Rennes, France on the Brittany Peninsula from mid-March – April 1944.
The 106th moved to St. Quentin, France, late in March.After a brief stay, it too moved to Rennes, France.
The 106th , while in the Rennes area, constituted the reserve for the 66th ID and French units containing the strong German garrisons on the coastal area of St. Nazzare and Lorient. Plans were being made to relieve the 66th, but orders came through for the 106th to return to Germany. The 159th IR along with the rest of the 106th ID crossed into Germany on April 25, 1945.
The 66th ID arrived in the ETO in November 1944; again this is several months after the ending date for the Northern France Campaign.The 66th also received campaign credit for the NFC.
The 106th ID did not receive campaign credit for the NFC.
I am assuming that due to hostilities that were still occurring in the St. Nazzare and Lorient area, this was still considered the NFC.The ending date of 14 September 1944 is likely when major actions ended.
So, what did the 159th do to receive NFC credit?Is there any documentation to explain this or is there anyone who knows?At one time I thought it was a clerical mistake that the 159th received credit for the NFC.In light of the campaign credit given to the 66th ID, that the 66th ID was in the area at the same time, and the association of the 106th with the 66th ID, I tend to think there is more to it.”
Maybe some of this is useful to you.If you find out anything please post it.