Greetings from Fort Worth, TX, Laura Hine !!!
I didn't know your father-in-law, but I would like to provide you with some insight into the history of the 330th Infantry Regiment, 83rd. Infantry Division, and of some of their accomplishments in combat.
There were three Infantry Regiments (329th, 330th, 331st), four Artillery Battalions
322nd, 323rd, 324th, 908th), plus many other elements.
The division was activated at Camp Atterbury, Indiana, 15 Aug 42. After training at multple sites, it was prepared for tran-shipment to Europe at Camp Shanks, NY, 31 Mar 44;
departed NY P/E 6 Apr 44;**
(The ship name is not listed, but I see the 83rd ID listed on the manifest. It sailed as one in a 9-10 ship convoy, arriving at Liverpool, England 16 Apr 44)**
landed Omaha Beach, France 19 June 44;
entered defensive positions same day;
entered combat 27 Jun 44;
attacked toward Periers, France, 4 Jul 44, against strong German opposition;
captured St. Eny 9 Jul 44;
reached St. Malo 4 Aug 44;
captured Dinard, France, 15 Aug 44;
the area's strong point, The Citidel, fell
17 Aug 44.
Moving to the south, the division assaulted and took Ile de Cezembre 2 Sep 44;
it moved to the Moselle River near Remich
25 Sep 44;
following heavy fighting, the division captured Le Stromberg Hill 5 Nov 44.
the 330th IR took Strass 10 Dec 44
Following several other significant engagements with the Germans, the 330th IR
approached the bridge at Oberkassel 3 Mar 44,
but it was blown up by the Germans just at they arrived there.
SPECIAL NOTE: According to his text, CITIZEN
SOLDIERS, Stephen E. Ambrose , author, this
was a much more complex action than it appears. I quote:
"The great goal, almost surely impossible was to get a bridge. So desparate were the Americans that they used a ruse they had earlier executed dozens of Germans for using.
The 83rd ID assembled a task force of German-speaking GIs, put them in German uniforms, provided them with tanks and other vehicles disguised and camouflaged to look like German models.
The task force set out after dark, March 2 (45), talked its way through the German lines, and at dawn reached the Rhine (River) at Obercassel.
A German sentry challenged the column; a firefight broke out;the task force was strong enough to fight its way to the bridge, but the noise of battle alarmed the town's air raid warden and he set off the alarm. The German engineers at the bridge took that as a signal to blow it, just as the American tanks were rolling up."
Mr Hine would likely recall this incident.
The 330th passed thru the Harz Mountains
10 Apr 45.
The division was holding the Elbe River Bridgehead 6 May 45.
The war ended 7 May 45.
Killed in Action, 3,161
Wounded in Action, 11,807
Died from Wounds, 459
The division's casualty rate was 170.2%.
That is about all I can relate at this time.
For more light, I recommend the folowing excellent references:
Stephen E. Ambrose, author,
Simon& Schuster, NYNY, publisher.
2.WORLD WAR II ORDER of BATTLE
Shelby L. Stanton, author,
Galahad Books, NYNY, publisher.
With best regards,
Louie Franklin Turner