Ordered into active Federal service at Frankfurt, Kentucky in February 1941 as 103d Coast Artillery Battalion (Antiaircraft) (Automatic Weapons) (Separate).
Departed New York City 30 April 1942 and arrived in Northern Ireland 15 May 1942. Landed in North Africa 8 December 1942 (base defense duty - no campaign participation credit).
Landed in Sicily 9 July 1943 (element of Provisional Corps, Seventh Army supporting 1st Infantry Division). Redesignated 103d Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion (Automatic Weapons) 15 November 1943 in Sicily. Arrived in England 9 December 1943.
Landed at Normandy 10 June 1944 (element of VII Army Corps supporting 9th Infantry Division). Tactically attached to 1st Infantry Division intermittently. Supported 1st, 9th and 45th Infantry Divisions and 2d Armored Division at various times during the war.
Decorations: Fourragere in the colors of the Croix de Guerre (Belgium) - cited twice in the Orders of the Belgian Army for the actions at MONS and in the ARDENNES.
Campiagn credits: Invasion of Sicily, Sicily Campaign, Normandy Campaign, Northern France, Rhineland, Ardennes-Alsace and Central Europe.
Inactivated and returned to state control 1 December 1945 at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey. Redesignated 441st Field Artillery Battalion 13 May 1946 and Federally recognized in the Kentucky National Guard 30 January 1947.
The unit which currently perpetuates the battalion's lineage and honors is a composite of several Kentucky State Guard and Militia units dating back to the 1830's and 1840's. The unit history mentioned in the previous posting consists of eleven pages.