When I get home I will check some other references. He was very lucky the Japanese did not execute him when he escaped. Normal practice by the Japanese in the Philippines was to execute any prisoner who escaped and all of his " Blood Brothers " . The Japanese grouped POW's into groups of 10 people . If any of the 10 escaped , all of the remaining 10 would be executed . They did this after a couple of successful escapes early in the war . In one case an entire group of ten did escape at one time.