The ORTANIQUE PLANT AND FRUIT was developed by a Jamaican, DAVID DANIEL PHILLIPS, JP, of Davyton District in the parish of Manchester,Jamaica, and later of the Blue Mountain District in the same parish. The area is about ten miles from Mandeville, the capital of the parish; five miles from Williamsfield, and two miles from Bellefield. The parish of Manchester's most famous product is the ortanique. The ortanique is also one of Jamaica's most important money-earners.
The name of this seedless, extremely juicy fruit was coined by combining the words "orange, tangerine and unique" by D.D. Phillips, who had previously created the "Ugli" plant and fruit. The ortanique fruit was created specially for export by years of experimentation by D. D. Phillips.
I am tired of seeing and hearing about THE ORTANIQUE FRUIT AND PLANT being (A) developed (and/or created) by Charles P. Jackson of Chellaston Property, Manchester, circa 1920; OR (B) developed by the chance cross-fertilization of fruits by birds or bees. The fruit was being exported to England, the United States of America, New Zealand, Panama and Costa Rica, by D. D. Phillips, from the latter part of the 19th century and therefore, long before World War 1 (which began in June 1914 and ended in November 1918)). D. D. Phillips, who was not a selfish gentleman, was kind enough to share his ideas, invention and information with Charles P. Jackson of Chellaston property; John G. Miller, JP, Businessman of Mandeville, (and Plantation Owner of several plantations in Manchester); Thomas A. S. Manley, Produce Dealer and Owner of Roxborough Property (i.e. part of the Roxbro' Estate); William George Hogg Wilson II, JP, (aka W. G. Hogg Wilson), Plantation Owner of Ayr, Hartham, Great Valley, Canoe Valley, Melrose Plantations, Manchester, and Businessman of Park Cresent, Mandeville; and Louis Oscar Heron, Plantation Owner and Horse Breeder of Russell Place, Hope, and Broadleaf Plantations, Manchester, among others.
Many persons including the Swabys of Manchester; the Sharpes of Trout Hall, Clarendon; and the McConnells of St. Catherine, got their seedlings and plants from David Phillips' citrus nursery in Manchester.
How could Jackson be the inventor or the namer of the fruit? Jackson declared himself the inventor (and namer)of this citrus fruit in 1946 during World War 2, when shipping of fruits to overseas countries was extremely difficult, thus causing Phillips' citrus export business to crash. You should note that Jackson was able to get monetary loans to grow large quantities of fruits, and to develop his properties, where Phillips wasn't. (You should note that World War 2 started in 1938 and ended in 1945). In 1944, the then-newly-formed Citrus Growers' Association took over purchasing from the growers, while the United Fruit Co. took over the fruit export to overseas markets. In more recent times (the 19990s), ortanique is one of the juices being bottled in Jamaica (for local and foreign consumption) by Trade Winds Co. of St. Catherine, Jamaica, under the label "TruJuice" - Ortanique juice.
D. D. Phillips, a coloured man of bi-racial parentage, that is, the product of a white man and the daughter of a Black enslaved woman, needs to take his right place in Jamaican History, in particular, and World History in general.
FEW BLACK INVENTORS HAVE BEEN GIVEN CREDIT FOR THEIR INVENTIONS, AND THEY WERE EXCLUDED FROM ACCESSING FINANCE AND RECOGNITION BY THE THEN-COLONIAL GOVERNMENT, AND THEREFORE, MARGINALIZED BY THE COLONIAL SYSTEM.
D. D. Phillips was recognized by the Jamaican Agricultural Society (JAS), as the inventor of the ortanique plant and fruit, in 1939. It should also be noted that in 1966, when an ortanique plant and seedlings were presented as one of the Jamaican Government's gifts to the Ethiopian Emperor, Haile Selaisse, only then was Mr. D. D. Phillips, recognized internationally as the fruit's inventor.
David Daniel Phillips,JP, (Politician, Church Leader, Land Developer, Agriculturalist, Senior Lay Magistrate, and sometimes Acting Custos Rotolurum) died in 1955, and it is time for him to be fully recognized by JAMAICA, and the WORLD as the creator of the ortanique plant and fruit.
TRULY A VISIONARY AND A MAN BEFORE HIS TIMES,
I welcome comments at any time.