Thanks for the info; I will try to explore those routes. Out of curiosity what makes you suspect that the original name was Brünig, because this will possibly open new paths. To answer your question I came across three federal censuses with Christian son’s listed as head of house hold. All three sons stated that their father’s place of birth was Prussia and Gemeany. This refined my search and led me to Christian 1860 Federal Census with a bastardized surname of Brunick. The census listed Brnix so I suspect bad hand writing and or an accentt was phonically sounded; however, I am guessing, that Christian stated to the census man he is from Hannover, because that is what is listed in the column of place of birth. Am I correct to believe this? Another questions for you, do you have any idea of how the people of Hannover made their voyage, what ships where used, what port of departure and what port of arrive?