I found on the 1871 census at Caistor , Torganby , Lincolnshire :
Charles DentM 44 Jane DentF 14 (Daug) Susan DentF 11 (Daug) Charles DentM9 (Son) Charlotte Dent F7 (Daug) Jane DentF 71 (mother)
This is a limited copy , but if this is your Charles , I can try to get the full copy.
Father William and wife Eliza are missing - Died ? so found on freebmd.org.uk :
Eliza Dent died Sep Qtr 1868, aged 41 , Caistor Jane Dent died June Qtr 1872, aged 72 , Caistor There are three deaths of William Dent and one death of William West Dent between 1844 and 1847 in Caistor , although at that time ages were not listed.
You can buy these certificates online by CC , I have some from that period , and you can get Charles and Eliza's marriage certificate which will give his father , but not mother. William and Jane's marriage is on LDS IGI Family search , 24/6/1819 in Nettleton. But there childrens births are not there , although there is a Richard Dent married 1854 in Wisconsin , USA who gives his birthplace England and parentsWilliam and Jane.
Let me know if you want mote detail on the 1871 census.