I saw a thread from 2004-2006 about a Confederate colony in Nicaragua.I was hoping someone could help me.
One of my hobbies is studying "Confederados," and I am compiling an Xcel database on the subject. So far, I have found settlers in about 10 countries (Latin America, the Caribbean, Australia, New Zealand, and Europe). I probably have 1500 names that I have collected in the last year. I have read about 10 books about Confederate colonization. In a year or two, (when I get the database a little more complete) I will probably see if the Sons of Confederate Veterans wants to post it on their website www.scv.org
One of the threads listed 84 people who settled in the Nicaraguan colony by Feb 1865. The information was from an old magazine, and the author died in 1926.
Is this a typographical error? I am doubtful about the date of Feb 1865 for several reasons:
-The earliest known attempt by any ex-Confederates to establish a colony outside the US that I am aware of was on July 4th 1865 when Missouri General Joseph O. "JO" Shelby crossed the Rio Grande at Eagle Pass Texas with about 300 men who refused to surrender. Many of these men had been generals, congressmen, and governors in theConfederacy. It is a long story, but eventually they unsuccessfully tried to colonize an area around Vera Cruz Mexico. For the most part, they left in 1867-8 and returned to the US.
-The Sons of Confederate Veterans chapter in Brazil has a reunion every year on July 4th to mark General Shelby's crossing into Mexico. They view July 4th as the first Confederate colonization attempt. If the Feb 1865 date is correct, that would mean that Confederates were colonizing before the war was over and would change the history books. Robert E Lee and John C Breckenridge (Sec of War) were still trying to get Lincoln and Davis to a negotiated settlement in Feb 1865.
-These settlers were from Missouri. Many of theMissouri Confederate units ended up in Texas late in the war and did not surrender until some weeks after General Lee. The Missouri Confederate governor was in Marshall Texas in June 1865 before deciding to join General Shelby on his march to Mexico. For the most part, Missouri units surrendered in May and June 1865 in Texas. Lee surrendered in April. These men would have still been in the field fighting in Feb 1865 not colonizing in Nicaragua. It is possible they could have surrendered earlier than most other Missouri Confederates, but that was not the norm. It is also possible that they were part of a Missouri guerilla unit that simply disbanded early.
-It would have been virtually impossible to get 84 men, women and children from Missouri to a Gulf Coast port by river in early 1865, especiallyif these men were soldiers. The only land route I can think of was through the Indian territory (present-day Oklahoma). Brigadier General Stan Watie (Cherokee) commanded the last Confederate army unit to surrender. Marshal Texas was the last ditch headquarters of the Confederate army/government. It was in Confederate hands until June 1865.I suppose they could have went overland to a port on the Pacific coast, but that would mean they surrendered in 1864.
-There were cases of ex-Confederate sailors being outside the US when the war ended. Most notably, the men of the CSS Shenandoah were still at sea sinking Yankee whale boats off the coast of Alaska in July/Aug 1865. They returned to England in Nov 1865. Most of those men eventually came back to the US, but many stayed in England or went to Latin America. There were Missouri sailors on the Shenandoah, but none of the 84 names from the Nicaraguan colony look familiar to me.
For these reasons, I am wondering is it possible that the date for the founding of the Nicaraguan colony was Feb 1866 and maybe there is a typographical error of some kind?
On another note
Do you know if Samuel Parsons who from this list of settlers in Nicaragua, was related to Missouri Confederate General Monroe Parsons who was killed in Mexico in Aug 1865?