most people use this site:http://www.herby.com.pl/herby/http://www.herby.com.pl/herby/ to get a better understanding of Polish names.The site is all in Polish and uses Polish characters.If you only use English letters, you will not get all the names you are searching for.But, don't worry, there are many ways to peel a potato.Go to this site and click on "S³ownik nazwisk" in the upper right corner. In the white blank rectangle type your search name and then click on "Szukaj". If the name was recorded in Poland (in 1990), it will be listed, the total number and the geographical regions associated.Take "Zielinksi".You might be pleased to see that only 335 names are recorded - that is a rather small number and ancestral chances increase with a small population number.However, remember that you must use Polish characters to get accurate results.The great thing is that you can type in "Zieli", and all names that start with Zieli will show up.Then you'll see that the correct spelling is Zieliñski...with the little mark above the "n".This is most likely the correct Polish spelling, but it is quite common with almost 86,000 souls.
Take "Kardel". Type in "Kard" and quite a few last names that start with Kard will show up.But it does appear that Kardel is spelled correctly and is not common...287 souls located in Bs:4, El:3, Kl:5, Ka:6, Ko:5, NS:2, Op:3, Pt:5, Su:237, Sz:2, Ta:1, Wb:9, ZG:5.The vast majority are in "Su".If you want to find out where "Su" is, click on "Tutaj znajduj¹ siê objaœnienia skrótów". A little region index will pop up and you'll see that "Su" is associated with Suwalskie, or, Suwalki.I'd say that chances are great that you do have Kardel family in the Suwalki region.
To really connect with an ancestral family in Poland, you must find out the village.I see in a previous post, you mention Taciewo.I did a quick search at familysearch.org and did not see any records for Taciewo.However, maybe someone can tell you what parish this Taciewo belongs to.Then you can order some LDS films and start searching.
In a nutshell, all the names you mentioned, save one, could be considered Polish.You are lucky in that you do have one ancestral village name.Your next step is to see if there is a LDS or FHC branch in your city, and order the films for that village/parish.In those films, you may find birth, death or marriage certificates, and that will lead you in the right direction.