"This reference can be challenging to use. However, this should not dissuade even the beginner genealogist from attempting to use it. The gazetteer presents information in long text form in Polish. The text may include archaic terms and cryptic abbreviations which makes the gazetteer somewhat complex. If you don’t understand Polish, you’ll have to find a translator or use a very good dictionary (though the complex grammar of Polish makes using a dictionary not an easy task for someone not familiar with Slavic grammar). Even if you have a fair knowledge of Polish, you many not understand all the meanings of all of the words due to the many archaic terms. Remember to check the beginning of each volume for an index to the abbreviations used.Click on the images below to see the index of abbreviations."