To clarify the last post, there were three separate groups of Germans in Romania. The first were the Siebenbürger Sachsen (Tranylvania Saxons in English, sasi in Romanian), brought by the Hungarian crown to colonize the northern and southern part of Transylvania from 1100's-1400's, who reformed in the 1500's and became Lutherans; the second were the Banat Donauschwaben (Swabians, svabi) brought to colonize the Banat beginning in the 1700's by the Austrian crown, who were Catholic. There were also the Germans brought by the Austrian crown to settle Bukowina (Bucovina, in Rom.) beginning in the 1700's. All three of these territories (most but not all of the Banat) were attached to Romania between 1918-1920. After 1940, the northern part of Bucovina was annexed by Ukraine (Bukovyna).