Historic Galicia existed from 1772 to 1918. It resulted from the first partition of Poland in 1772 when the area was annexed to the Austrian empire and given the name of Galicia. (There were two later partitions in 1792 and 1795.) The 32,332 square mile area was located on the slopes of the Northern Carpathians and their northernplains and bordered on Slovakia in the south. Galicia was also called Halicz (Halych), Malopolksa and Little Poland. The area that was formerly Galicia is now located in southern Poland and western Ukraine. The Polish sectionis an area of 13, 226 square miles.
In the 19th century, the Galician population was composed of 50% Catholic Poles, 40% Byzantine Catholics with an Eastern language, 10% Jews and a small German minority. In 1900, at the time of great emigration, Galicia hadseven million inhabitants.
In World War I, the eastern front crossed through Galicia several times. At the end of the war in 1918, Galicia no longer existed and the area became part of Poland again, In the Second World War, almost all of the Jewish population was killed. After the war, borders were again redrawn and the former Galicia was divided between Poland and the Soviet Ukraine. The Rusyns from the Polish Lemkovyna area were forcibly deported in 1947 and sent to land "recovered" from Germany.