In Volhynia, early German settlement was sporadic. German craftsmen and merchants had settled in the region as early as the 13th century, and with the expansion of Protestantism, Germans were involved in setting up Protestant schools and played an important part in the cultural development of the area. But the immigration of colonists came later.
One of the first colonies was at Koretz in 1783. A few Mennonite agricultural villages from Prussia were established prior to 1793, but most of them moved on to the Black Sea region within a few decades.The first permanent settlement by colonists, mostly from Pomerania, came in 1816 but significant migration into Volhynia did not occur until the 1830s.
The migration to Volhynia was initiated under vastly different circumstances than the migration to other parts of the Russian Empire. Polish landlords who had retained land after the Russian occupationwere looking for qualified farmers to develop and farm their land. No special privileges were extended to these immigrants except for those which could be provided by the local nobility. It was the shortage of land in their old homes that drove most of the Germans into this region, but some immigration was also motivated by religion: Virtually all German Baptist communities that had been established in the 1850s in Poland emigrated to Volhynia. By 1914 Volhynia would have between 40,000 and 50,000 Baptists, served by about a dozen churches . ===================================================== ===================================================== http://genforum.genealogy.com/germany/hannover/http://genforum.genealogy.com/germany/hannover/