William B.P. Jackson (b. 1857, TN; d. 1911, MO), a son of Civil War veteran (15th NC Infantry) William Sherwood Jackson and his first wife, Ann J. (Collins) Jackson, was my mother’s maternal grandfather.
The head of this household in Scott Township, Sharp County, Arkansas, in 1880 was Martha Jane (Goodwin) Jackson, the second wife and widow of William Sherwood Jackson. I know very little about her.
JACKSON Martha J. Head Widowed Female White 46 TN VA TN Keeping House
JACKSON Terry H. Son Single Male White 18 NC NC TN Farmer
JACKSON Mary M. Daughter Single Female White 16 TN NC TN Without Occupation
JACKSON Hilry [Hillery] H. Son Single Male White 14 TN NC TN Farming*
JACKSON Anna K.T. Daughter Single Female White 12 TN NC TN Keeping House
Terry, Mary, Hillery, and Anna are children of William Sherwood Jackson and Martha Jane (Goodwin) Jackson. By 1880, William B.P. Jackson, who had come to Arkansas from Bedford County, Tennessee, with his father William, full brother Elisha, stepmother Martha Jane, and half siblings, was married and living in Black River Township, Independence County, Arkansas. The family made the move to Arkansas not long before William Sherwood Jackson died there in February 1879.
Trying to learn more about Martha Jane (Goodwin) Jackson, I searched census records from Tennessee. I think I found her at age 16 in this household in Dwelling 116, Civil District 15, Marshall County, Tennessee, in 1850:
GOODWIN Peter G.W. 36 Male Farmer VA
GOODWIN Mary 37 Female TN
GOODWIN Martha 16 Female TN
GOODWIN Terry 15 Male TN
GOODWIN Elizabeth 10 Female TN
GOODWIN Hannah 9 Female TN
GOODWIN Bailey 7 Male TN
GOODWIN Sanona [sp?] 4 Female TN
GOODWIN Tennessee 3 Female TN
By 1860, Martha was gone from Peter G.W. Goodwin’s Civil District 15 (Lewisburg Post Office) household:
GOODWIN P.G.W. 46 Male White Farmer VA
GOODWIN Mary 46 Female White Housekeeper TN
GOODWIN Elizabeth B. 20 Female White Domestic VA
GOODWIN Hannah S. 18 Female White Domestic TN
GOODWIN Bailey P. 16 Male White Farm Laborer TN
GOODWIN Margaret S. 14 Female White TN
GOODWIN Tennessee A. 12 Female White TN
GOODWIN Virginia P. 9 Female White TN
By 1860, Martha had married William Sherwood Jackson and was with him in this Civil District 15 (Lewisburg Post Office) household:
JACKSON W.S. 28 Male White Hotel Keeper NC
JACKSON Martha J. 26 Female White TN
JACKSON James W. 8 Male White NC
JACKSON Elisha 6 Male White TN
JACKSON W.A. 5 Male White TN
JACKSON Wm. B.P. 3 Male White TN
JACKSON B.D.A. 9/12 Female White TN
EMERSON James 14 Male White TN
EMERSON W.M. 25 Male White Inn Keeper TN
McRORY John W. 24 Male White Merchant TN
WILLIAMS C.M. 30 Male White Shoemaker NY
In 1880, a Tennessee-born Bailey Goodwin was head of this household in Piney Fork Township, Sharp County, Arkansas:
GOODWIN Bailey Head Married Male White 34 TN Farmer VA TN Farmer
GOODWIN Virginia Wife Married Female White 30 TN SC TN Keeping House
GOODWIN M. Belle Daughter Single Female White 9 AR TN TN
GOODWIN Mary M. Daughter Single Female White 5 AR TN TN
GOODWIN Terry F. Son Single Male White 3 AR TN TN
GOODWIN Emma A. Daughter Single Female White 4/12 AR TN TN
Was Bailey Goodwin a brother of Martha Jane (Goodwin) Jackson? Their nativity data on the 1880 census match: born TN; father born VA; mother born TN.
Were Bailey Goodwin and Martha Jane (Goodwin) Jackson children of Peter G.W. and Mary Goodwin?
Was Bailey Goodwin’s full name Bailey Peyton Goodwin?
Some accounts list William B.P. Jackson’s full name as William Bailey Patton Jackson, but I believe he was William Bailey Peyton Jackson. Like many Middle Tennessee men of his time, I believe William was named to honor attorney Balie Peyton (1803-1878), two-term U.S. Representative from Tennessee, Mexican War veteran, and U.S. Minister to Chile, who was born and died near Gallatin, Sumner County, Tennessee. Baile Peyton’s name appears often in historical accounts as “Bailey Peyton.”
*Hillery Jackson’s nativity data, as reflected correctly on the 1900 census of his household in Black River Township, Independence County, Arkansas, should be “TN NC TN,” not “NC NC TN.” In 1900, Hillery’s widowed mother Martha Jane (b. March 1834, TN; 6 children/5 living) resided in his Black River Township household. Besides Terry, Mary, Hillery, and Anna, I can’t fully account for the two other children that the 1900 census reports as having been born to Martha Jane (Goodwin) Jackson. One may have been the nine-month-old girl, B.D.A. Jackson, listed in W.S. Jackson’s Marshall County household in 1860. If she lived, she would have been of marriageable age (17-18) around the time the family moved to Arkansas from Tennessee. Perhaps she had married and stayed in Tennessee?