Facts you should know about the early census records –
All census records [1790 – 1840] prior to the 1850 census ONLY listed the head of household; whether male or female.
NO specific age was stated for any family member NO place of birth was stated – city, state, or country NO city, town, or village is stated – only the county; however some census takers listed the township NO street address was stated NO marital status was stated – single, married, widowed, or divorced NO family relationship was stated – brother, sister, cousin, son, daughter, wife, inlaw, etc… NO occupation was stated NO parental birthplaces are stated NO race was stated [but assume “white”]
1850, 1860 & 1870 census records do not show family relationships, marital status or parental birthplaces.
Step children are not enumerated as “step” children Adopted children are not enumerated as “adopted” Grand children are not enumerated as “grand children” Orphaned children were not enumerated as "orphan"
1850 is the 1st census that shows all family members
1880 is the 1st census that shows parental birthplaces and family relationships +++
1850 - Name: Samuel C Espy Age: 28 Birth Year: abt 1822 Birthplace: District of Columbia Home in 1850: Washington Ward 7, Washington, District of Columbia Gender: Male
Samuel C Espy 28, District of Columbia - apothocary Lydia A Espy 24, District of Columbia Francis H Espy 3, District of Columbia Maria Durbin 19, District of Columbia
1860 - Name: Lydia H Espey Age in 1860: 31 Birth Year: abt 1829 Birthplace: Washington Home in 1860: Washington Ward 4, Washington, District of Columbia Gender: Female Post Office: Washington
Richard Thompson 60, Maryland Lydia H Espey 31, District of Columbia Laura E Gettings 21, District of Columbia Maria Thompson 28, District of Columbia Maria V Espey 38, District of Columbia
Samuel is missing
1870 - Name: Lydia Espey Age in 1870: 39 Birth Year: abt 1831 Birthplace: WA; DC Home in 1870: Washington Ward 4, Washington, District of Columbia Race: White Gender: Female Post Office: Washington
Eveline Reed 26, Maryland Lydia Espey 39, District of Columbia Maria Espey 12, District of Columbia Maria Thompson 36, District of Columbia - store clerk
1870 - U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules, 1850-1885 Name: Saml C Espey Gender: Male Race: White Marital Status: Married Place of Birth: Washington, District of Columbia Estimated Birth Year: abt 1822 Age: 48 Month of Death: May Cause of Death: Consumption [AKA = TB] Census Year: 1870 Census Location: (City, County, State) Washington Ward 4, Washington, District of Columbia
U.S., Civil War and Later Wars Index to Remarried Widow Pension Applications, 1860-1934 Name: Maria V Ryon [Maria is Samuel's dau.] File Date: 21 Apr 1890 Spouse: Samuel C Espey Application Number: 6337
Samuel Chambers Espey Birth - 3 Apr 1822 in District of Columbia Death - 31 May 1870 in Washington City, District Of Columbia his parents - "UNSOURCED"
John Espey Birth - 15 Oct 1787 in Lancaster, Lancaster, Pennsylvania Death - 7 Sep 1832 in Washington City, District Of Columbia Ann Scott Birth - unknown Death Jun 1854