Facts you should know about the early census records –
All census records [1790 – 1840] prior to the 1850 census ONLY listed the head of household; whether male or female.
NO specific age was stated for any family member NO place of birth was stated – city, state, or country NO city, town, or village is stated – only the county; however some census takers listed the township NO street address was stated NO marital status was stated – single, married, widowed, or divorced NO family relationship was stated – brother, sister, cousin, son, daughter, wife, inlaw, etc… NO occupation was stated NO parental birthplaces are stated NO race was stated [but assume “white”]
1850, 1860 & 1870 census records do not show family relationships, marital status or parental birthplaces.
Step children are not enumerated as “step” children Adopted children are not enumerated as “adopted” Grand children are not enumerated as “grand children” Orphaned children were not enumerated as "orphan"
1850 is the 1st census that shows all family members
1880 is the 1st census that shows parental birthplaces and family relationships +++
1860 - Name: Phebe Eli Age in 1860: 54 Birth Year: abt 1806 Birthplace: North Carolina Home in 1860: Howard, Wayne, Iowa Gender: Female Post Office: Warsaw
J A Eli 26, IND - farmer [AKA - John Anthony Jr.] E J Eli 26, IND - wife Phebe Eli 54, NC  M J Mason 24, IND G W Eli 22, IND
Marriage record for John Sr. Indiana Marriages to 1850 Name: John Ely Spouse: Phebe Hinkle Marriage Date: 23 Dec 1832 Marriage County: Washington
1850 - Name: John Ely Age: 37 Birth Year: abt 1813 Birthplace: Indiana Home in 1850: Boulware, Gasconade, Missouri Gender: Male
John Ely 37, IND - farmer Phebe Ely 34, IND  Anthony Ely 17, IND Margaret J Ely 14, IND George W Ely 12, IND Malinda Ely 10, IND
1840 - format for early census records Name: John Eli Home in 1840 (City, County, State): Salem, Washington, Indiana Free White Persons - Males - Under 5: 1 Free White Persons - Males - 5 thru 9: 1 Free White Persons - Males - 30 thru 39: 1 Free White Persons - Females - Under 5: 2 Free White Persons - Females - 30 thru 39: 1 Free White Persons - Under 20: 4 Free White Persons - 20 thru 49: 2 Total Free White Persons: 6 Total All Persons - Free White, Free Colored, Slaves: 6
all data from another researcher - John Anthony Eli Sr. Birth - Sept. 1, 1806 in North Carolina Death After - 1851 in Sewal, Wayne Co, Iowa
his children - Rebecca Angeline Eli 1825 – 1898 John Anthony JR Eli 1834 – 1925 Margaret Jane Eli 1836 – 1911 George Washington Eli 1837 – 1918 Matilda Ann Eli 1839 – 1893
Since John Sr,. and Phebe were married in 1832, then Rebecca would be john's dau from a 1st marriage.....
1830 - Name: John Ely [could be John SR.] Home in 1830 (City, County, State): Vernon, Geneva, and Columbia, Jennings, Indiana Free White Persons - Males - Under 5: 1 Free White Persons - Males - 20 thru 29: 1 Free White Persons - Females - 20 thru 29: 1 Free White Persons - Under 20: 1 Free White Persons - 20 thru 49: 2 Total Free White Persons: 3 Total - All Persons (Free White, Slaves, Free Colored): 3