Two descendants have sent me transcriptions about the ancestry of Samuel WELCH (ca. 1762-1842), the Revolutionary War solider who was born in Pennsylvania and who died in Shelby Twp., Jefferson County, Ind.
Both accounts were made by Samuel's daughter, Jane Welch, who m. Isaac Banta. One is dated 13 March 1884, five months before Jane died in Wyoming, Minn. In it, Jane said Samuel married Jane Cunning. This confirms what is said in Samuel's family Bible (printed in 1811). I had thought perhaps the name was Cumming as a smaller family Bible showed the name as Cummins or Cumming (last letter illegible) and that the writer simply used too few loops or had an odd handwriting. But Jane's account confirms it was Cunning, which is very legible in the big family Bible.
This contradicts the account in Welch and Allied Families, in which a 1924 transcription of a letter by Knox Jamison said the he checked Samuel's Bible and that her name was Jane Cunningham. This is impossible since the Bible Jamison checked, then in possession of my great-great grandmother, Agnes Jamison Ralston, Samuel's granddaughter, is the one that came down my family line, along with his farm. Either Jamison or the book's author changed Cunning to Cunningham.
One LDS tree at familysearch.org shows that the Samuel Welch who married Jane Cunningham with the lined claimed in the Welch publication lived and died in Pennsylvania.
Jane Welch Banta said Jane's father was Jane Cunning, who came from Ireland to America and who fathered four children. Of these, only Jane's name was known.
We can easily dismiss the bogus genealogy by which the author of the Welch book traced Samuel back to the Rev. John Knox of Scotland. There are contradictions in this line and simply too few generations to fit the number of years between Samuel and John. The book's author, Gustine Courson Weaver, seems to have put together lines with little evidence to show that the person who hired her had very prominent ancestors. This was the case in several families explored in Welch and Allied Families whose proof lies more in wishful thinking than in fact.
Weaver's book carries an account by Polly Hillis, wife of Samuel G. Welch, son of Samuel and Jane Cunning Welch, which appears to have far greater accuracy--that Samuel was the son of a Walter Welch who came to America with Braddock's Army. It is impossible to asses how accurately Weaver transcribed it.
Jane Banta's account also sites the Braddock experience, although a researcher hired by another descendant shows fairly clearly that Walter came to the Colonies with the unit after Braddock had been killed. Both say Walter came from Ireland.
However, Polly Hillis Welch said Samuel's mother was Polly Green, a Danish woman. Jane Banta said Walter Welch married Martha Allen, a woman of Dutch descent, in 1773. Either Jane was wrong about the year or Samuel was a half brother to the younger children in Walter's family. His Revolutionary War pension affidavit states clearly he was 14 years old in 1776 when he enlisted as a drummer boy. (Despite the fact the age on his tombstone would give him a 1775 birth date.)
Jane's account is longer than the one from Polly Welch reprinted in the Weaver book. It was also taken from an original document, instead of being a transcription printed in a later publication, as was Polly Hillis Welch's statement. It has more detail on Walter's military experience and life.