Welch, David W. History of Posey County, IN. The Standard Publishing Co, Chicago. 1913. 419pgs. Page 397.
S BENTHAL, a farmer, stock raiser and cattle feeder of Farmersville, IN., was born in Black twsp, Posey Co, IN, December 9, 1841, son of Cornelius and Rachael (Rowe) Benthal, the former native of North Carolina and the latter of Kentucky. They were married about 1836. Rachael Rowe was first married to David Culley and to them were born two children. Through her marriage to Cornelius Benthal, she has 8 children, of whom our subject (S. Benthal) was the fourth. Only one of the others is living: William Benthal who lives in Jefferson Co, IL. Those deceased are: Mary, THOMAS, Rebecca, Jacob, Jowell, Sarah, and Elijah Benthal. (Cornelius & Rachael)died within a few weeks of each other in 1852, leaving this large family of children, the youngestwas only six months old. S BENTHAL was then about 11yrs of age, and had to begin taking care of himself, and has continued to do so the rest of his life. What little schooling they had was received at a country school house with slab benches and one long desk fixed to the wall. S. Benthal worked on the farm with his uncle, Perry Allen until July 9, 1861. He then enlisted in Company A, 25th Indiana Infantry(CIVIL WAR). He left Evansville for St Louis in the fall of 1861, then to Georgetown, MO, and from there marched to Springfield, MO, thence back to the Laurine River. They went to Cold Harbor where they captured some prisoners and took them to St. Louis. They next camped in Jefferson Branch for a few weeks. After which they came by boat to Cairo, IL and joined the fleet to Ft Henry. The regiment went to Fort Donelson and after the battle there was ordered to Shiloh ?, where they participated for 2 days in the Battle of Shiloh.