Facts you should know about the early census records - All census records [1790 – 1840] prior to the 1850 census ONLY listed the head of household; whether male or female. NO specific age was stated for any family member NO place of birth was stated – city, state, or country NO city, town, or village is stated – only the county; however some census takers listed the township NO street address was stated NO marital status was stated – single, married, widowed, or divorced NO family relationship was stated – brother, sister, cousin, son, daughter, wife, inlaw, etc… NO occupation was stated NO parental birthplaces are stated NO race was stated [but assume “white”]
1850, 1860 & 1870 census records do not show family relationships, marital status or parental birthplaces.
Step children are not enumerated as “step” children Adopted children are not enumerated as “adopted” Grand children are not enumerated as “grand children” Orphaned children were not enumerated as "orphan"
1850 is the 1st census that shows all family members
1880 is the 1st census that shows parental birthplaces +++
1850, 1860 - Ballard Gardner does not appear on any census.
NOTE - 1850, 1860 & 1870 census records do not show family relationships, marital status or parental birthplaces.
1870 - note spelling Name: Ballad Gardener Birth Year: abt 1830 Age in 1870: 40 Birthplace: Alabama Home in 1870: Ward 5, De Soto, Louisiana Race: Black Gender: Male
Ballad Gardener 40, ALA - cannot read or write, farm worker Henry Smith 28, SC - farm worker
Try this - 1880 US Census – The Mormon Church Files LDS (FREE, indexed and searchable) Click on the SEARCH tab at top of page Look for US Census on the left side of screen http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/default.asp  http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/default.asp