Name: John Wheeler Age: 51 Birth Year: abt 1799 Birthplace: New Hampshire Home in 1850: Aurelius, Ingham, Michigan Gender: Male
John Wheeler 51, NH Relief Wheeler 40, NH Mary Wheeler 18, OH Alvin Wheeler 16, OH John Wheeler 13, OH Hellen Wheeler 9, MI Clarissa Wheeler 5, MI Hiram Wheeler 2, MI Chauncey Reeves 22, NY - unknown relationship
1850 - James Wheeler is not listed in MICH.
Try this - 1880 US Census – The Mormon Church Files LDS (FREE, indexed and searchable) Click on the SEARCH tab at top of page Look for US Census on the left side of screen http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/default.asp  http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/default.asp
Michigan Genealogical Death Indexing System (FREE and searchable) 1837 Michigan was admitted to the Union.
Michigan did not require “by law” birth, marriage & death registrations until 1867.
Birth records are not public records unless the birth is over 100 years old.