I hesitated to post this but there was a James Turner (could be your James Turner's relative) listed in the 1850 census as an inmate in the Ohio Pen. in Columbus, Ohio.He was 65 and incarcerated for 2nd degree murder. b. 1785 in VA.Your James would have been around 30.There were years beside each inmates name.I'm thinking in indicated the year of incarceration.This James had the year 1833 beside his name.Hopefully this is not James' Father.Your James would have been abt. 13 in 1833.
United States Census, 1850 for James Turner
name: James Turner residence: Columbus, ward 1, Franklin, Ohio age: 65 years calculated birth year: 1785 birthplace: Virginia gender: Male race (original): race (expanded): death month: death year: film number: 444672 digital gs number: 4204438 image number: 00441 line number: 2 dwelling house number: 241 family number: 254 marital status: free or slave: Household Gender Age John Phillips M 49y James Turner M 65y Presley F Neville M 42y Hugh Donahoo M 39y Robert Annon M 47y Julia Smith F 32y John Gull M 51y John Robinson M 39y Thomas Murray M 28y John Mcquade M 36y Stephen Ligget M 35y Zachariah Butter M 30y John Johnson M 74y William Ford M 33y James Spriggs M 73y Noble Johnson M 36y Benjamin Empsey M 31y Henry Newson M 33y Samuel Mccoy M 36y William Shield M 45y Philip James M 42y John Robinson M 26y John Andrews M 33y Benjamin Drake M 29y William P Jones M 53y Hugh Mcnair M 39y Rich Richardson M 54y Charles Sylvester M 32y John Simpson M 35y Emeline Jones F 28y Jacob Shipman M 31y Charles Bennet M 40y James C King M 62y James Okey M 31y Richard Milton M 41y George Wilson M 40y Edward Baker M 42y William Watson M 40y George W Ray M 46y William A Braddock M 31y John Bentley M 35y Charles Stevens M 45y Jesse A Brooks M 28y Richard Barry M 26y Henry Stace M 35y Elzah Mets M 48y Henry Gilchrist M 27y Martin Rathaff M 37y Nath Davis M 29y Jas V Clute M 42y Lorenzo Cummings M 32y Jas C Hoskins M 58y George Daniels M 59y Wm Mahoney M 30y Philip Burwell M 43y Henry Vanetta M 24y P Underwood M 56y Robert Mapes M 33y Edmund Burke M 28y Henry Epping M 38y James Ferrill M 54y Jacob M Coverdale M 31y Geo W Marsh M 27y James Pomroy M 41y Geo Bachelor M 25y Benj Brown M 24y David Lindsay M 38y Wm Irwin M 29y Robt Saunders M 27y John S Wilcox M 35y John Van Tallell M 36y Wirt Severs M 27y James Davis M 27y James Armour M 30y John Alkin M 27y Joseph L Rose M 43y Hiram Phelps M 25y Jacob Perhamus M 60y Wm S T V Durand M 34y Jefferson Founds M 33y Wm Adams M 25y Wm Henderson M 26y John Kehler M 28y Alex A Williams M 32y