Can anyone help identify the parentage of SAMUEL LEONARD born 15 June 1781 Washington Co.or Greene Co., PA?
Samuel Leonard, according to family tradition, was related to LOT LEONARD. I have been unable to place Samuel in any of the Leonard families which migrated from NJ to the SW area of PA.
Samuel Leonard married Phebe Logan, b. 20 Aug 1788 in Mendham, Morris Co., NJ. They were married about 1804 in Greene Co., PA. Phebe Logan was a daughter of William Logan and Margaret Lewis of Scotland [Wm. & Margaret lived in Morris twp., Washington Co., PA where they both died in 1803] Phebe's siblings were: John, Mary, Thomas, Levi, Margaret, Anna, Jane, Sarah, Rachel & Eunice Logan. A large family.
Samuel & Phebe Leonard had the following children:
Anjalina Leonard b. 3 Nov 1805 m. David Rush in 1823
Susannah Leonard b. 8 Sep 1807 m. Mr. Kettle
Margaret Leonard b. 11 May 1810 m. Jacob P. Cosner in 1833
in Knox Co., OH
Levi Leonard b. 5 Jun 1812 m. Cynthia A. Cosner in 1835
Knox Co., OH
John Leonard b.23 Mar 1814 m. Lucinda Rush in 1838 Knox Co.
Rachel B. Leonard b. 26 May 1816 m. Joel Thomas in 1836/38
Hardin Co., OH
Phebe Leonard b. 13 May 1818 m. John Cosner 1837 Knox Co.
Sarah Leonard b. 6 Jan 1820 m. Jacob Cosner in 1841 at
Henry Co., IL [not the same Jacob Cosner]
William Leonard b. 6 Feb 1823 m. Harriett Cosner in 1849
at Henry Co., IL
Elizabeth Leonard b. 18 Apr 1825 m. Ebenezer Tyler in 1853
at Henry Co., IL
Experience Jane Leonard b. 10 Oct 1827 m. George L.
Kemerling in 1847 at Henry Co., IL
All 11 children of Samuel & Phebe Leonard were born in Greene Co., PA. The family left this area and migrated to Knox CO., OH between 1827 [Experience Jane's birth year] and 1830 [when they appear on the 1830 Knox Co. census]. The family moved on to Henry Co., IL by 1841 when the marriage of Sarah Leonard to Jacob Cosner occured.
Anjalina & David Rush did not leave Greene Co., PA. I don't know about Susannah who married Mr. Kettle. No info on this family, but the remainder of the children move to Ohio and on to Illinois with their parents.
In Knox Co., Ohio, there is recorded the family of William Leonard b. 17 Dec 1724 who married Mary Lott about 1745 in N.J. He moved to Ohio from Greene Co., PA. The following is from Pioneer Hist. of Greene Co., Pa. by L.K. Evans 1941...pg 93
"Wm. Leonard to Knox Co.,Ohio in 1799 with the following families:
Abner Brown; Ebenezer Brown; John Mills; Henry Haines; Amos Leonard; Benjamin Leonard; Ziba Leonard; Peter Baxter; others.
Also, from the same source:
"Wm. Leonard migrated from Holland to the state of N.J. so early in the settlement of America, it is said, that he came into the possession of the lands now occupied by the city of Princeton, which he left by will as a legacy to his male descendants forever, making it a condition that title should never pass out of the name, but should be transmitted from generation to generation for all times. He was appointed by the King of England, a Justice of the Court of the Province of N.J.
About the year 1748, his son Lot was born, of whose youthful experience in the state of N.J. there are still some interesting traditions. He is said to have been an extremely active and agile boy. Once while out in the woods in search of the horses, he heard the bells and was approaching the sound when he discovered that the ringing was a decoy of a couple of Indians who had taken the bells from the horses. Both Indians fired on him, but without effect. He betook himself to flight, but found himself hemmed in by a deep ravine which it was necessary to cross in order to get away from the Indians. Arriving on a cliff of rocks some twenty feet high he threw away his gun and made a desperate leap landing in the brush and a collection of leaves below, without injury. The Indians were amazed at the venture and dared not follow. So he clambered up the opposite bank and made his escape.
On the next day he got his brother Amos to go with him to find the horses. Now Amos was a queer kind of genius. So reserved and reticent that it was with difficulty that an answer could be got out of him. Having found the horses a long way from home, they were proceeding homeward, Amos in front of the horses and Lot behind them. At that day it was deemed necessary, on all occasions, to keep the "eyes skinned" for savages. Lot perceiving that Amos was procedding carelessly along, observed to him, "Amos, why don't you watch?" He replied, "When I travel I have to walk." But before the two boys got home they were attacked by a panther. When discovered by Amos it was close to him in the act of crouching to leap upon him, when he made such a wild and terrible scream as frightened the animal away. This incident became the joke of the neighborhood -- that "Amos Leonard had made a noise in the world!"
In those days it was the custom to go armed to church. A portion of the males with guns would precede, and the balance follow the women and children and thus guard them from the attacks of Indians or wild beasts. On one occasion in the experience of Lot Leonard, the party of worshipers were actually attacked by a band of savages which, after some skirmishing, was driven off by the whites.
At the age of about 21 years Lot Leonard, having married Elizabeth Hoge, (who was a sister of Thomas Hoge, the father of the late John Hoge with whom many of us were acquainted,) moved to these parts and took up tomahawk improvement the tract of land known as the Caldwell Houlsworth property, on which Houlsworth's mill now stands --including the Still Smith farm and other adjoining lands. This was about the year 1769. His brother Benjamin came out with him, but settled finally on Pigeon Creek, in Washington Co.
Lot Leonard lived here the remainder of his days and died at the advanced age of 100 years, lacking just one month. He reared a family of seven children -- William, John, Lot, Isaac, and George, who is still living in Ohio; and Nancy, who married her cousin Joseph Leonard, and Lea, who is still living at the age of 94 years, the widow of Joseph Randolph, dec'd, and mother-in-law of ex-Treasurer Samuel Bayard.
Lot Leonard, Sr., married a second wife -- Frances Willis by whom he had one daughter, who is the wife of David Bowser residing in Washington Co., not far from Clarksville.
Mr. Leonard was, as we shall see, a very eccentric individual, but he was none the less enterprising and thrifty for all that. For he took up by tomahawk improvement a large scope of country west of Waynesburg including the John Hunter Vancleve farm, the George Fry farm, the Samuel Crouse farm, a part of Stephen Adamson's farm, the James Throckmorton farm,and the farm belonging to the Rush heirs. He built a mill on the George Fry tract a half mile below where Crouse's mill now stands, --relics of which and traces of the old mill dam and mill race are still visible. And there is a tradition that the old man was riding down the creek one day with a sack of meal under him, when the indians fired upon him, causing him to drop his meal in the stream and "light out" for the fort below.
On these lands and near this mill he settled his eldest son, William, who married Frances, the eldest daughter of William Whitlatch, a neighbor of the old man's.
Old Lot Leonard was a genius in his odd way. He was a great talker and was gifted with a faculty of making rhyme, and composed many eccentric snatches of doggerel verse of which quite a number found their way into print and had some features of genuine merit. He was radical in all his notions, and carried his idea of republican freedom to such an excess as to deny the right of either church or state to restrict by rules or government the individual's liberty to do just as he pleased. He became a preacher and preached this pecular doctrine, was not attached of course to any sect, but harrangued the people upon his own responsibility. It is related of him that when frequently requested to sing a song, he would compose his rhymes and sing them right along to some popular air, and oftentimes administer too, the most scathing rebukes through the satire of his rude verses.
His son William was the father of four children and died comparatively young and so suddenly as to create some suspicions that he had been poisoned -- of these, Lot died young, Nancy married Archibald Fordyce, John became a Methodist preacher, had seven children, among whom is Wm. C. Leonard, of of the present county auditors; William became a popular Disciple precher, and is remembered by many citizens of Greene Co. He removed with his family to the state of Michigan in 1865, and died there but recently. There are yet many descendants of old Lot Leonard in Greene Co.--a frugal, industrious and respectable people.
On the Samuel Crouse farm alluded to above, still exist some relics of an interesting character. The place was known by the early settlers as the 'old Indian town'.
There are evidences that the Indians or some prior race of intelligences once had a permanent encampment there. On a plateau or table land a short distance from the creek is a large circle, the outlines of which are very distinctly marked by wood ashes and charcoal which constitute the soil. Years ago, within the recollection of Mr. Crouse's sons, this feature of the soil was so unmistakable as to arrest the attention of the most casual observer. The theory is that the camp fires were lighted all round this enclosure on occaions of jubilee, etc.
In various parts of that locality large flag stones have been found which bear evidence of having been shaped by human hands. Beneath one of these an infant skeleton was discovered, which led to the conjecture that Indian children were thus entombed.
The most remarkable feature of these antiquities, however, are the relics of an ancient pottery. On the bottom between the encampment and the creek are indications unmistakable that a species of earthenware was once manufactured there. The large amount of burnt clay and the numerous pieces of vessels found there are most substantial and convincing proof of this fact. The material used in the formation of this ware appeared to be a mixture of ground or pounded muscle shells and common clay. Scales of the shell are plainly discernable in the fragments of ware that have been examined. Besides these very interesting relics, many of the more common traces of the aborigines have been picked up in that neighborhood. Flint arrow heads are numerous, and stone axes and other curiosities have been found.
These are the facts, and they would scarcely bear any other interpretation than that some tribe of ancient people had sojourned there for some considerable length of time. L.K. Evans"
The following documents the Leonards in Knox Co., OH:
From HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY, OHIO, 1881
"LEONARD, ZIBA, Clay township, retired. He was born August 28, 1798, in Greene county, Pennsylvania, and removed to Clinton township in 1803, arriving November 14th. He came with the Pennsylvania colony, who settled in what is known as then Ten Mile Settlement. The names of his companions will be. found elsewhere in this work. At his advent into Knox county, Mr. Leonard was but a few months past his fifth birthday. He is one of the few now living who came into the county as early as 1803. His mind is strong and active, and his memory is well stored with reminiscences of the almost forgotten past.
In 1796 William Leonard, grandfather of Ziba, came out from Pennsylvania, and bought a large tract of land south of Mt. Vernon. The farm of Hon. Columbus Delano lies in the northeast comer of the tract. Mr. William Leonard afterwards gave the land to his children. '....
The first wedding in Knox county was that of Mr. Leonard's sisters, in the winter of 1804 - Amariah Watson and Sarah Leonard, and Daniel Dimmock and Rachel Leonard. The parties were united at the same time. A justice of the peace from Lancaster, Fairfield county, performed the ceremony, there being no justice or minister nearer than that place.
The first death of any white person in Knox county occurred the next day after the arrival of the Leonard family, November 15, 1803, being a little daughter of Mr. Ziba Leonard's sister, Nancy Baxter, aged about eighteen months. The second death occurred in the spring of 1805, being that of Mr. William Leonard, grandfather of Ziba, and called the patriarch of the colony."
With all this information, I am still not able to attach our SAMUEL LEONARD to a family. I would appreciate any help available. The "10 MILE" connection between Greene Co., PA. & Knox Co., OH is unmistakeable. Help me attach SAM to a family