I am a descendant of Caleb Johnson Gaskill, son of Daniel Gaskill (b. 1822, Stark Co., OH) and Nancy Johnson Gaskill. This family can be found on page 544c of Koleda’s“Gaskill Genealogy.” This is a marvelous book, and many thanks to Donald O. Caselli for carrying on for Ms. Koleda.
I am trying to track my ancestors further back, but I have come to an obstacle with Daniel. Koleda states that Daniel is the son of John Gaskill Jr. and Abigail Burges, but I am unable to verify this. John Jr. appears in the 1830 census for Lexington County on page 203, but the record indicates 1 son 20-30, 2 sons age 15-20 and 2 sons age 10-15, 1 daughter age 5-10, one daughter 15-20, and one daughter 20-30. Daniel would be age 5-10 in 1830, so the 1830 census does not confirm the possibility that Daniel is the son of John Jr.
Koleda, on page 544A, seems to state that the 1840 census for Lexington twp contains an entry for John Jr., and shows 4 sons under age 10, one son 10-16, 1 daughter under 10, and one daughter 10-16. In 1840 Daniel would be in the 15-20 age group. There is a significant error here; the census listing appears on page 39 of the 1820 census (not 1840) for Goshen twp, Columbiana Co, OH and is consistent with the children listed in the 1830 census.John Jr. does not appear in the 1840 census for Lexington twp., Stark Co.
The evidence seems conclusive that John Jr. is not Daniel’s father. Calculating backwards from Daniel’s birth, it seems plausible that his father would be born 1795-1805. Other Stark County residents (in light of the above, we can no longer be certain Daniel was born in Stark County) who were born in that time period and might possibly be Daniel’s father include:
Thomas (1795), son ofIsrael
Samuel (1797) son of Israel
James (1799), son of Israel
Joseph (1798), son of Nathan
Daniel (1802) son of Nathan
A review of the 1830 and 1840 census records appear to rule out Samuel, Joseph, and Daniel.
James might be a possibility. We know that his sons were William (1828), Israel (1833), and James (1844).The 1840 census for Stark County, page 65, shows that James has 2 sons in the 5-10 age group, and one under 5. In 1840, William would be 12, Israel 7, and James unborn. Assuming that William was recorded in the wrong age category, who is the other 5-10 year old son? My Danielwould be age 18 and could not be mistaken for a 5-10 year old.
Thomas is a better possibility. Koleda, on page 552, shows Thomas having 3 sons, Nelson (1827), Benjamin (1831) and Thomas (1834). The 1830 census for Butler twp, Columbiana Co., OH, shows Thomas having one son 5-10, and one son under 5. Benjamin and Thomas are unborn; Nelson would be under 5, so who is the 5-10 year old? Daniel? The 1840 census, although somewhat deteriorated, indicates that Thomas has 1 son 10-15 (Nelson) and two sons 5-10 (Benjamin and Thomas). If the missing older son was Daniel, he would be 18 in 1840 and may have left home, but this seems unlikely.
It is possible, but unlikely, that Daniel is a grandson of John Jr. and Daniel’s father is the 10-16 year old son John Jr. lists in the 1820 census, but this seems quite unlikely since this person would be at best 18 in 1822 when Daniel is born.
I would greatly appreciate any new information that might shed light on the ancestry of Daniel, or advice on how to further unravel this mystery.
Sincerely, Richard Robinson