Historical encyclopedia of Illinois, Volume 2 (and history of Christian County)
By Newton Bateman, Paul Selby, Henry L. Fowkes
Published 1918 by Munsell Publishing Company - Chicago
Page 941 – 943
Page 941 HISTORY OF CHRISTIAN COUNTY
McQUIGG, James C., was born in the parish of Ireland Carragh. the county of Antrim, In the extreme north of Ireland, about three miles from the Atlantic ocean, on the first day of August. 1838. He is of Scotch ancestry, his great-grandfathers, William McQuigg and John McAfee, having come from Scotland when they were young men. settling in Ireland Carragh parish and living there the remainder of their lives engaged in agricultural pursuits. William McQuigg. son of John and grandfather of James C. McQuigg, was born in this parish and died there in his seventy-fifth year. William McAfee, the maternal grandfather of James C. McQuigg emigrated to the United States with his family in 1838 settling in Wayne County. Ohio, where he died in 1863 when aged about seventy-six' years. The parents of James C. McQuigg were John and Sarah (McAfee) McQuigg, both of whom wore horn in Ireland Carragh parish, the father in May, 1805 and the mother in July of the same year. They were married in this parish in September, 1831 and continued to live there until June, 1843, when they took passage with their children, seven in number, from Liverpool to New York, going from there to Wayne County, Ohio, arriving there In the month of August of the same year. The names of the seven children according to priority of birth were: William, Eliza. Martha Jane. Mary Ann. Samuel, James C. and John. Afterward two more children were born: Sarah and Margaret.
The father soon after coming to this country became interested in farming and earnestly engaged in the same with the aid of his sons, and he kept it up very extensively during the active years of his life. The mother, with the aid of their daughters, looked after the domestic affairs, and she saw that they secured a fairly good education, the two youngest receiving collegiate training. It was indeed a good and happy family. The children were taught to believe in the divinity of Christ and all the family became members of the Presbyterian Church. Both parents have long since passed to their reward, the father on the first day of February, 1885, In his eightieth year, and the mother on
Page 942 HISTORY OF CHRISTIAN COUNTY
February 12, 1897, in her ninety-second year.
Of the children, the five eldest have gone also to their eternal home. Four are still living.
With the exception of Samuel, who died in his sixty-seventh year, all the nine have illustrated the words of the Psalmist, “The days of their years are three score and ten years.” Wayne County, Ohio, continued to be the home of all with the exception of Eliza
Franks, who, after her marriage lived with her family in Fremont, Ohio; and James C.
James C. McQuigg was reared on his father’s farm and worked on the farm in the summer
and attended school in the winter. A part of his schooling was obtained in the common schools
and he also attended a school called the Peoples College, in which there was a great deal of interest taken in the neighborhood. Its course of instruction was equal to that of many academies.
In this institution he studied the sciences, together with higher mathematics and progressed to some extent also in Latin so that he was well started in that language, which, perhaps gave him a
desire to pursue a regular classical course. Hence he entered Fredericksburg Academy, in Wayne County and there followed the regular course of study for some time. After awhile he found his
capital could not take him much farther so he concluded to teach school for a term. He secured
the school in his father’s district for a term of seven months, with a salary of $33.33 per month.
This was a large school and he made his two younger sisters his assistants. This was in the latter part of 1860 and his term extended into the spring of the next year.
War excitement was running high about the time his school term expired. The southern states had severed their relations with the Union as they supposed. All over the North the young men
were enlisting in the Union army, and as many of his comrades were joining the army, Mr. McQuigg went to Camp Tiffin at Wooster and enlisted in Company G, Sixteenth Ohio Volunteer Infantry forming there and he continued a soldier in this regiment until he was severely wounded.
A majority of the companies of this regiment were from this county and were drilled in this camp and the officers, excepting the field officers, were chosen in this camp by the soldiers. For awhile after he enlisted he did a great deal of drilling and when he was solicited to be a candidate for first lieutenant of Company G he consented but before any election was held he was taken down with typhoid fever, and was confined in his tent. He could not be with his company at the time of the election and as the outcome of his fever was unknown, he sent word to the company
that he would withdraw his name as a candidate for lieutenant.
His warmest friend, William Ross, was elected therefor. It was in the same battle in which Mr. McQuigg was later wounded that Lieutenant Ross was struck with a bullet in the face, from the
effects of which he died.
When the Sixteenth regiment left Ohio for the front, Mr. McQuigg went with it and participated in every battle and skirmish in which it was engaged until the time he was wounded
in the right hand in an assault on Vicksburg. In the charge he mounted an embankment and a piece of shell struck him in the right hand where he was holding his rifle, bending his gun so that
the butt end thereof and the end of the bayonet almost met. This was at the Siege of Vicksburg.
The guns the regiment were using were the French sabre bayonet, a very heavy rifle. On account
of this wound he was incapacitated and was discharged in the summer of 1863. His regiment
while he was with it soldiered through middle and eastern Kentucky, eastern and western Tennessee, West Virginia and Mississippi.
Following his return home from military service, Mr. McQuigg concluded to enter Vermillion
College, Ohio, and make an effort to finish his education, deciding however, to drop the study of
Greek as he did not think that would be an aid to him in the profession of law, which he intended
to take up as his life work. In this college finishing the regular course, with the exception of Greek but including a French course, without delay he entered the law office of A.S. McClure, of
Wooster, Ohio, who was one of the best lawyers in that part of the state and had served several terms in Congress. While reading law in this office, in the fall of 1865 he entered the law department of the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor and took the full course, being graduated in the spring of 1867 with the degree of Bachelor of Laws. After his graduation he went to his
parents’ home in Ohio and soon thereafter to Columbus, where he was examined in the district
court of that state and was admitted to the bar. Immediately he established himself as a resident
of Pana, Ill. , where he formed a partnership to practice law, with A.C. McMillen. This partnership was dissolved six months later and Mr. McQuigg continued alone in practice until
1898, when he formed a law partnership with E.E. Dowell, who had read law in his office until he was admitted to the bar. During all the time he was alone, Mr. McQuigg had a large practice and gave strict attention to his business, and since, he has been in partnership with Mr. Dowell
their business has prospered and given the best of satisfaction.
Mr. McQuigg has been married three times. His first marriage was to Miss Marion Patton, of
Pana, June 8, 1869, at the home of her widowed mother, Mrs. Martha Patton. Her father, William R. Patton, a railroad contractor, died when she was a child. Mrs. McQuigg was born
at Allegheny, Pa. She died January 22, 1883, a woman of fine endowments, well educated and highly respected by all who knew her. Two children survived her: Myron W., who is a traveling
contractor and resides with his family in Kansas City; and Florence M., who is the wife of Harry White, Jr., a banker in Indiana, Pa., where they are living happy and contented.
The second marriage of Mr. McQuigg took place February 12, 1887, to Mrs. Mary E. (McKenney) Amberson, of Allegheny, Pa. Mrs. McQuigg died April 12, 1887. She was a very
Page 943 HISTORY OF CHRISTIAN COUNTY
lady and was greatly admired. She is survived by a daughter who was born to her first marriage,
who is now Mrs. Lewis Overholt, formerly of Pana but for some years residing in Chicago.
Both Mrs. White and Mrs. Overholt are graduates of a female seminary. The former is a good
public speaker, and the latter is well known in social and musical circles in Chicago, being highly
gifted in music. The one son of Mr. and Mrs. Overholt prefers the climate and environments of
Pana rather than Chicago and makes his home with Mr. and Mrs. McQuigg. On September 15, 1892, Mr. McQuigg was married to Miss Sadie McKenney, a sister of his former wife. She at
that time was a resident of Allegheny and is a daughter of William and Margaret McKenney, the
former of whom was concerned with iron interests at Pittsburgh for many years. Mrs. McQuigg
is accomplished and refined and is also home loving, and domestic in her tastes.
When Mr. McQuigg came to Pana to enter upon the duties of his profession, he was somewhat
hampered by limited means, and thus was able to purchase but a small law library, but he went
to work energetically, with the determination to make the law a success and to elevate its practice
as far as it was in his power, so that those coming in contact with it would see that the law is a very honorable and highly accomplished profession. He has accumulated one of the most valuable law libraries in the county and also a well selected literary library. He has always been
faithful to his clients, courteous to the court and bar, has never squandered his money foolishly and has always has been liberal to the poor. No one ever came to his office in want or stopped
at the back door of his dwelling house, if worthy, who ever went away empty-handed. Mr. McQuigg’s investments have generally been in real estate with which he was well acquainted, for
he has seemed to be a good judge of that kind of property, and now, from his investments in real
estate, he has 1500 acres of valuable agricultural land within six miles of Pana.
Mr. McQuigg has never had any desire to hold office, although when he was a young practitioner he was elected city attorney for several terms, but in later years would not consent
to make the race for any municipal office. In what was known as the Tilden campaign in 1876,
when everything in this part of the state went Democratic, he was nominated on the Republican
ticket for state’s attorney, and although the county went nearly 900 Democratic, he was only
defeated by eighty-three votes and could have been elected if he had been fairly treated by an
element of Republicans in the neighborhood of Taylorville. The only time afterward that he ran for any position was as elector on the Garfield Republican ticket in the presidential election of 1880, when he was elected with all the Republican electors in Illinois. He has been an active
member of the Republican party ever since the election of Lincoln, believing in the principles of
that party and has voted for every Republican presidential nominee since the days of the great
president, having voted for him both times he was a candidate.
As a lawyer, Mr. McQuigg has won an enviable and honorable reputation which he is worthy of, by the skill and ability which he has always manifested in the prosecution of his chosen profession. Both in public and private life he has been true to all that goes to make up an admirable character, and the high and sincere regard of many friends is freely given him. Both he
and wife are members of the Presbyterian Church and have an abiding faith in its doctrines.
Historical Encyclopedia of Illinois, Volume II, 1918 and History of Christian County by Henry L. Fowkes
James C. McQuigg was the grandson of William W. McAfee Sr. & Margaret "Martha" Taggart of Sugar Creek Township, Wayne Co, Ohio
Note: Ireland Carragh should be Islandcarragh. Wiliam McAfee Sr. died in December of 1858 not 1863 and was believed to be about 80 to 81 years old. William McAfee Jr. died abt. 1863. Both are buried at Dalton Presbyterian Church Cemetery, Dalton, Ohio. The McQuiggs came over on the ship "New York" arriving in July of 1843 in New York City. The McAfees came over on the ship "St. Andrew" arriving on June 7th, 1838 in New York City. James C. McQuigg was a corporal in the 16th Ohio, Co. G. Mr. McQuigg is buried in Linwood Cemetery on the east side of Pana, Illinois (Christian County).
Christian Pana Illinois IL Wooster Ohio OH Civil War Veteran McAfee Wayne Chickasaw Bluffs Chickasaw Bayou Vicksburg