This is the month of January 1881. A wagon train is rumbling slowly across the plains of Oklahoma. For four long weeks it has held to its course which runs to the northeast. Closer examination reveals the occupants areweary and travel worn and more than a little frightened as they realize the journey is drawing to a close. These occupants are Kiowa and Comanche Indian children who are on their way to Chilocco, the newly established Government boarding school. Their irresponsible, carefree days are done and they are among the first group which is to receive an education at government expense.
On May 17, 1882, the United States congress passed a bill, known as the Indian Appropriation Act, whereby a sum of money was to be appropriated for the building of a school for Indian youth. The secretary of the Interior then authorized the construction of a building which would be adequate to care for 150 children. That same year James M. Haworth, Superintendent of Indian Education, was sent to investigate the possibility and advisability of such a plan.