Facts you should know about the early census records - All census records [1790 – 1840] prior to the 1850 census ONLY listed the head of household; whether male or female.
NO specific age was stated for any family member NO place of birth was stated – city, state, or country NO city, town, or village is stated – only the county; however some census takers listed the township NO street address was stated NO marital status was stated – single, married, widowed, or divorced NO family relationship was stated – brother, sister, cousin, son, daughter, wife, inlaw, etc… NO occupation was stated NO parental birthplaces are stated NO race was stated [but assume “white”]
1850, 1860 & 1870 census records do not show family relationships, marital status or parental birthplaces.
Step children are not enumerated as “step” children Adopted children are not enumerated as “adopted” Grand children are not enumerated as “grand children” Orphaned children were not enumerated as "orphan"
1850 is the 1st census that shows all family members
1880 is the 1st census that shows parental birthplaces and family relationships +++
1860 - Name: Jacob Stauffer Age in 1860: 39 Birth Year: abt 1821 Birthplace: Pennsylvania Home in 1860: Bethlehem, Northampton, Pennsylvania Gender: Male Post Office: Easton
Jacob Stauffer 39, PA - farmer Anna Stauffer 41, PA  William Stauffer 9, PA David Stauffer 7, PA Jacob Stauffer 5, PA Abraham Stauffer 1, PA Isaac Stauffer 1, PA
Upon hearing or receiving news of Jacob's death Anna may have remarried and "farmed out" the children.
Jacob may have been KIA during the CW and was burried in a mass grave with CSA + Union soldiers. At that time soldiers did not have name tags on the uniform or wore what we call "DOG TAGS".
PA Vital Records - On January 1, 1906, birth and death records began to be recorded at the state level in Pennsylvania. These records are maintained at the Division of Vital Records , P.O. Box 1528, New Castle, Pennsylvania, 16103-1528, telephone (724) 656-3100. This site will give you information and forms necessary to obtain the records.
By statute, birth and death records were to be recorded and maintained at the various county courthouses from 1893 to 1906. Birth and death registers were to be kept by the Register of Wills in the various county courthouses from 1852 to 1855. Before January 1, 1906, only scattered records exist in the various county courthouses