Facts you should know about the early census records –
All census records [1790 – 1840] prior to the 1850 census ONLY listed the head of household; whether male or female.
NO specific age was stated for any family member NO place of birth was stated – city, state, or country NO city, town, or village is stated – only the county; however some census takers listed the township NO street address was stated NO marital status was stated – single, married, widowed, or divorced NO family relationship was stated – brother, sister, cousin, son, daughter, wife, inlaw, etc… NO occupation was stated NO parental birthplaces are stated NO race was stated [but assume “white”]
1850, 1860 & 1870 census records do not show family relationships, marital status or parental birthplaces.
Step children are not enumerated as “step” children Adopted children are not enumerated as “adopted” Grand children are not enumerated as “grand children” Orphaned children were not enumerated as "orphan"
1850 is the 1st census that shows all family members
1880 is the 1st census that shows parental birthplaces and family relationships +++
- - Birth & Death records for Missouri began in 1910 - -
1850 - Jennie Adeline Carr born 1831 in McMinn Co., Tennessee is not listed in TN.
1850 - Name: John D Hughs Age: 34 Birth Year: abt 1816 Birthplace: Virginia Home in 1850: Subdivision 23, Mcminn, Tennessee Gender: Male
John D Hughs 34, VA Mary Hughs 34, VA Elizabeth Hughs 10, VA Nancy J Hughs 7, TN James B Hughs 5, TN Martha Hughs 1, TN
1860 - Name: John D Hughes Age in 1860: 41 Birth Year: abt 1819 Birthplace: Virginia Home in 1860: District 16, McMinn, Tennessee Gender: Male Post Office: Calhoun
John D Hughes 41, VA Adaline Hughes 29, TN Nancy Hughes 17, TN [AKA = Nannie] James Hughes 13, TN Martha Hughes 9, TN John Hughes 8, TN William P Hughes 7m, TN
1880 - Adeline Hughes is not in MO.
1880 - Name: Adeline Hughes Age: 48 Birth Year: abt 1832 Birthplace: Tennessee Home in 1880: District 24, Rutherford, Tennessee Race: White Gender: Female Relation to Head of House: Self (Head) Marital Status: Widowed Father's Birthplace: South Carolina Mother's Birthplace: North Carolina Occupation: Farming
Adeline Hughes 48, TN - farming, cannot write Nannie R. Hughes 19, TN [if this is the same as Nancy in 1860, she should be 39.]
TN Vital Records - The Vital Statistics Law, established by Chapter 30, Public Acts of 1913, was passed and became effective January 1, 1914, for statewide registration of birth & death registration. The Tennessee Office of Vital Records retains birth records from 1914.(NOTE:Beginning in 2014, birth records will begin transferring to the Tennessee State Library & Archive since we retain the birth records for 100 years.Then they will transfer on a year by year schedule.)Death records are only retained by our office for 50 years.Once the death records become 50 years old they are transferred to the Library & Archive also.Presently we have death records from 1960 to the present. Once the records are transferred to the L & A, they become true public records and anyone can access them. Please feel free to contact me if you need further assistance.
statement source - Shirley Clark, ASA 4 Office of Vital Records Tennessee Department of Health 421 5th Ave N 1st Floor Central Svcs Bldg Nashville, TN 37243 Shirley.Clark@tn.gov