Facts you should know about the early census records –
All census records [1790 – 1840] prior to the 1850 census ONLY listed the head of household; whether male or female.
NO specific age was stated for any family member NO place of birth was stated – city, state, or country NO city, town, or village is stated – only the county; however some census takers listed the township NO street address was stated NO marital status was stated – single, married, widowed, or divorced NO family relationship was stated – brother, sister, cousin, son, daughter, wife, inlaw, etc… NO occupation was stated NO parental birthplaces are stated NO race was stated [but assume “white”]
1850, 1860 & 1870 census records do not show family relationships, marital status or parental birthplaces.
Step children are not enumerated as “step” children Adopted children are not enumerated as “adopted” Grand children are not enumerated as “grand children” Orphaned children were not enumerated as "orphan" Immigration date is not recorded
1850 is the 1st census that shows all family members
1880 is the 1st census that shows parental birthplaces and family relationships +++
1850 - Name: Sofronia Johnson Age: 23 Birth Year: abt 1827 Birthplace: Missouri Home in 1850: Austin, Travis, Texas Gender: Female
Solomon Johnson 38, LA - farmer Sofronia Johnson 23, MO Erna Johnson 4, TX Sam Johnson 2, TX Edwin Johnson 1m, TX Henry Johnson 23, LA - carpenter Jane Johnson 19, PA
1840 - Solomon will not be listed as he would be 28 and most likely living at home. ONLY the head of household is listed in the early census records. The same applies to Sofronia as she would be 13 in 1840.