Facts you should know about the early census records - All census records [1790 – 1840] prior to the 1850 census ONLY listed the head of household; whether male or female.
NO specific age was stated for any family member NO place of birth was stated – city, state, or country NO city, town, or village is stated – only the county; however some census takers listed the township NO street address was stated NO marital status was stated – single, married, widowed, or divorced NO family relationship was stated – brother, sister, cousin, son, daughter, wife, inlaw, etc… NO occupation was stated NO parental birthplaces are stated NO race was stated [but assume “white”]
1850, 1860 & 1870 census records do not show family relationships, marital status or parental birthplaces.
Step children are not enumerated as “step” children Adopted children are not enumerated as “adopted” Grand children are not enumerated as “grand children” Orphaned children were not enumerated as "orphan"
1850 is the 1st census that shows all family members
1880 is the 1st census that shows parental birthplaces and family relationships +++
Family relationships start with the 1880 census.
1850 census is the 1st census that listed all family members
You wrote - "...the Census says VT or NY.) ..." Which census??State & county.
1840 - Name: George Majors Home in 1840 (City, County, State): Fairfax, Franklin, Vermont Birth Year: abt 1755 Age: 85 Military Service: Veteran he lives alone
1830 - Name: George Majors [George Major] Home in 1830 (City, County, State): Fairfax, Franklin, Vermont Free White Persons - Males - Under 5: 1 Free White Persons - Males - 10 thru 14: 2 Free White Persons - Males - 40 thru 49: 1 Free White Persons - Males - 70 thru 79: 1 Free White Persons - Females - 20 thru 29: 1 Free White Persons - Under 20: 3 Free White Persons - 20 thru 49: 2 Total Free White Persons: 6 Total - All Persons (Free White, Slaves, Free Colored): 6