THE LONGS OF LONGFIELD
by Count Caragata
Dedicated to the Memory
of my beloved Grandmother
Florence Cordelia Long Howe
of the Longs of Longfield
and to my beloved Mother
Anna Mary Howe Caragata
“Farewell my darling children.
Love one another,
help one another,
advise one another.
Remember the little ones.
Teach them the paths of righteousness
& follow the same you grown ones.
That is your dear & very fond Mother's request.
I did not write this book alone. Input from many relatives has ensured that The Longs of Longfield has come into existence as the result of a co-operative extended family effort. Without the pivotal help provided by certain family members, it is doubtful that the story of the Longs and related families could have been told, and I hereby express my deepest gratitude to the families of the late Ormonde Phillips and the late Leona Amanda Long. My heartfelt thanks and appeciation go out to my dear Mother, Anne Howe Caragata, for her unremitting encouragement and inspiration, and to Tatiana Long Daniell, Bernie Long, Debra Adair, Ralph Lionel Clarke, Tom Howe, Frankie Johnston, Anthony Cooper, Catherin Downing, and Donna Wolthausen, in recognition and appreciation of their monumental contributions to our communal endeavour.
I fondly recall the interest and support given me by the dear ones who have departed the earthly plane: the late Kathryn Long Ballard, Marie Wood Brown, Hubert Butler, Vernon Clarke, Doreen Cooper, Ethel Long Cornwell, Creed Cox, Mae Long Cox, Mildred Denman, Doris Jackson, Jack Long, Lester Long, Robert Andrew Long, Vern Whitney Long, Wayne Nagel, Glee Schmelzer, Ruth Stuber, Donald Thompson, Shirley Westphal, Victor Wood, and Ferdinand Woods.
Over the years, many relatives have sent me precious family photos and family information and have assisted in genealogical research and I hereby give my special thanks and appreciation to the following aunts, uncles and cousins: Bette Adair, June Arionus,Regina Beaver, Robert Blakeman, Moyra Bognuda, Mary Bruno, Winnie Cannon, Norman Claflin, Reverend Austin Cooper, Margie Long Cummens, Eleanor Curren, Virginia Dean, Vera Delahey, Deirdre de Valda, Phyllis Eastman, Cecil Gillingham, Doris Hammer, Bill Howe, Evelyn Howe, Jim Howe, John Howe, Marty Howe, Pat Howe, Lois Long Kaderavek, Ruth Kramer, Patricia Lalor, Melanie Laurin, Bob Long, Cecil Long, Dale Long, Edward Long, Leland Long, Robert Marion Long, Theron Long, Lorraine Long LeMoine, Beverly Long Lowe, [my sister] Lynn Marie Mackay, George McDonough, Gordon McDonough, Robert McFadden, Verla McFarlane, Gwen Long Michel, Thelma Carefoot Mowat, Shirley Nagel, Sharon Newsom, Dorothy Olson, Betty Osvath, Mabel Otto, Sally Parkinson, Debra Partridge, Bob Patterson-Sumwalt, Anne Pengelly, Patricia Peterson, Harry J. Phillips, Samuel Phillips, Samuel H. Phillips, Mildred Powers, Sue Preston, Marie Long Roberts, Patrick Rotheram, Robert Scott, Anne Sayle, Alberta Seward, Dorsey Shiplov, Bernice Long Sumwalt, Helen Taylor, Emily Thompson, Colijn Thomson-Moore, Alan Uhl, Thelma Westphal, Oren Wood and Edwin Woods. To anyone whose name I have forgotten to include, and for any errors I might have made in the genealogies (despite my every effort to be accurate), my sincere apologies and regrets.
a = ante or before
aka = also known as; otherwise known as
b = born
bapt = baptised
BIFR = Burke’s Irish Family Records
BLG = Burke’s Landed Gentry
BLGI = Burke’s Landed Gentry of Ireland
BP = Burke’s Peerage
bur = buried
c = circa or about
Ch = chapter
Co. = county
d = died
div = divorced
I = Illustration
Ibid = same as the preceding
LLC = Long of Longfield Correspondence
LLFP = Long of Longfield Family Papers
m = married
Mem. = Memorial
n = Notes
OL = “The Ormonde Letters” - 75 letters written by the late Ormonde Phillips to Count Caragata
p = page
pp = pages
RD = Registry of Deeds, Dublin, Ireland
sep = separated
Tipp [or Tip] = County Tipperary
vol = volume
Wis = Wisconsin
I N T R O D U C T I O N
Years ago, when I asked my Grandmother [Florence Cordelia Long Howe] about her background, she replied: “Well, as you know, I was born and raised in Wisconsin. However, my Grandpa [Edward John] Long came over from Ireland during the Great Famine.” Although my Grandmother was a humble and spiritual person, she held her head high as she advised: “My Long Ancestors were aristocrats back in Ireland and owned their own castle in Tipperary.” Humble once more, she added: “Now mind you, the true nobility is of the Spirit!” I was interested in what she had told me, but I didn’t bother to pursue the topic any further since my main interest in those days was Rock ‘n’ Roll.
When I was six years old, my Mother, who was also my Sunday school teacher, presented the Bible stories in an interesting way with the help of a flannel-covered board and adhesive Biblical figures. I was intrigued to learn that Genesis named the ancestors of the Hebrew patriarchs andthat the Gospel of St. Matthew outlined the ancestry of Jesus twenty-eight generations back in time to King David, and then all the way back to Abraham. I was fascinated. My interest in genealogy had begun to take root.
In the Summer of 1949, my parents, Anne and Ted Caragata, accompanied by my Grandparents, Martin and Florence Howe, took my sister Lynn Marie and me on a vacation down to Wisconsin. There I met my Great-grandfather, Robert Henry Long, for the first and only time. I was so excited at meeting my Grandmother’s father, that I asked my Mother to take a picture of my sister and me with our Great-grandfather. My Mother kindly obliged. Needless to say, I treasure that picture.
Years later, in 1983, a year after my dear sister, Lynn Marie, had given birth to her first-born son, Alexander Keiller Mackay, my brother-in-law, Keiller Mackay, showed me his family tree which named his ancestors going back ten generations to Scotland. I was intrigued. Determined to provide my nephew with an equally lengthy maternal lineage, I then remembered what my Grandmother had told me, and thus my interest in genealogy was sparked.
With the help of my Mother and her siblings, and my Grandmother’s surviving brother and sisters, I was soon made aware of our descent from the Longs of Longfield, Tipperary. My Great-Aunt, Leona Amanda Long, provided me with a wealth of family information, as did her surviving siblings, Vern Long and Mae Long Cox. Through a stroke of good fortune, our cousin, Bernie Long, great-grandson of Stephen Moore Long (1834-1903), had been doing genealogical research on the Longs and had compiled several charts of many of the known descendants of Edward and Mary Long of Fort Edward, Ardmayle, Tipperary.
While browsing in a Toronto bookstore during the Summer of 1983, I came across an attractive book entitled Burke’s Guide To Country Houses.Volume 1.Ireland.1 Not expecting any miracles, I nevertheless flipped forward through the pages to the “L” section, and much to my astonishment, my eyes focused on the picture of a lovely old house, and below it I read: “Longfield, Goold’s Cross, Co. Tipperary.” “A 3 storey late C[entury] 18[th] house, built by the Long family.” 2 My research now began in earnest. At the Metro Toronto Library, I was soon opening up a travel map of Tipperary and was surprised to discover that both Longfield and Fort Edward were actually noted on the map.3 The two houses appeared to be less than a mile apart, thus suggesting a possible connection between the two.
The Longs of Longfield were nowhere to be found in the pages of Burke’s Landed Gentry of Ireland or in any other similar volume. Then I remembered that in the family of my friend, James Russell Pogue [who was the one who first spotted the book on Irish Country Houses], he and all his brothers were given middle names which were the maiden surnames of their grandmothers and great-grandmothers.4 Could the same traditional naming practice have prevailed in the Long of Longfield Family? Yes, it had! Referring to the family charts compiled by our cousin Bernie Long, I noted that three of my Grandmother’s great-aunts and uncles bore the middle name of “Moore”: Mary Moore Long, Stephen Moore Long and Archibald Moore Long.
Back to the library I raced and opened up Burke’s Irish Family Records. You can imagine my feeling of absolute surprise, when under the heading of “Thomson-Moore of Barne, County Tipperary,” I read that Charity Moore, fifth daughter of Richard Moore of Barne [and grand-daughter of Colonel Stephen Moore], had married on March 8th, 1790, Richard Long of Longfield, County Tipperary!5 That elusive name was now brought to a state of reality and actual existence! Now to make a connection between our Ancestor, Edward Long of Fort Edward, and Richard and Charity Long of Longfield.
A few weeks later on a return visit to the Metro Toronto Library, I was searching through the section on Irish genealogy when the Head of the History Department came to my assistance and thoughtfully suggested that I look through the library’s copies of the Irish Genealogist, an annual periodical. I had examined only a few editions of the Irish Genealogist when I ran across an article entitled The Remarkable Mr Clarke, by Ralph Lionel Clarke.6 The very first sentence read: “Marshal Clarke appeared in Tipperary society .......... and proceeded to found a major Anglo-Irish family with links to the families of Banner, Bowen, ........ Litton, Lloyd, Long,” 7 etc. I could hardly believe my eyes!
I knew very well that Marshal was a name that occurred in my grandmother’s family. One of her Grandfather’s brothers bore the name of Marshal Long and her uncle’s name was Marshall William Long! Only later did I remember that a few years earlier, my mother had returned from a trip to Wisconsin with a few notes she had made while visiting with her Aunt Leona Long, who had advised my mother: “My great-Grandma Long’s maiden name may have been Clarke.” On the second last page of Ralph Clarke’s article, he named the daughters of the Reverend Marshal Clarke, including the following: “Mary [Clarke] married Edward Long of Longfield and Fort Edward ....... in 1822, and had thirteen children. He was son of Richard Long.”8
Well, by then I was feeling positively ecstatic. I became so elated that by the time I made my way out through the library’s main exit, I felt almost weightless and I just about floated down Yonge Street, Toronto’s main thoroughfare, and all the way home to Cabbagetown, about a mile away. Then I knew that Genealogy had become my passion!
By referring back to Burke’s Irish Family Records, I found the genealogy of the Clarkes of Graiguenoe Park, Tipperary, and located the reference to Mary Clarke’s 1822 marriage to Edward Long. Included in the genealogy was Ralph Clarke’s address. I could not contain my excitement. I phoned information in England and easily obtained his telephone number. I dialed the number and in no time at all he answered the phone. When I told him who I was, Ralph replied that he had been looking for the Longs for many years. He suggested I contact Mr Ormonde Phillips, a descendant of the Longs of Longfield residing in England, and gave me his number. Within seconds, I was speaking to Ormonde Phillips who was quite excited by my call. The floodgates had opened! After losing touch with our Anglo-Irish kinfolk around the turn of the century, we had now re-established contact with our Long and Clarke relatives on the other side of the Atlantic!
Among my most rewarding genealogical “finds” was the discovery of Colonel Richard Long’s “India/Clutterbuck Letter.” When I went over to Ireland for the second time, in September 1986, accompanied by my mother and our cousins, Bernie and Diana Long, I fortunately had the presence of mind [a stroke of good luck] to ask some people in Tipperary [I wish I could remember whom] if they might know of an expert in the history of Tipperary. Yes they did, and his name was Colonel Sidney J. Watson.9 Having been given Col. Watson’s address, I tucked it away and finally found it again at home in Toronto a few months later. On the off chance that he might be able to shed some light on the early Longs in Tipperary, I wrote to him.
Several months later, I received a letter from Thomas P. Power,10 a PhD history student at Trinity College Dublin. Tom explained that my letter had been forwarded to him by Mr J.C. Walton [of the Irish Genealogical Research Society], who in turn had had my letter forwarded to him by Col. Watson. Tom was doing his thesis on 18th Century Tipperary and actually did have some information on the Longs. When Tom visited Toronto in July 1987, he arranged a meeting with me. He stated that while searching through the records of the Public Record Office of Ireland, he had come across the Clutterbuck Family Papers, and included therein was a letter written by Richard Long from India back in 1780, to Mrs. Clutterbuck in Tipperary. Two months later I had a copy of the entire letter in my hands! You can read the letter in Chapter 8. Many thanks to the Clutterbuck Family, Tom Power, Julian C. Walton and Colonel Sidney J. Watson!
The Longs of Longfield tells the story of an Anglo-Irish-American-Canadian family over a period of about three hundred years, from unknown and obscure origins in 17th Century England and Tipperary, through to pioneer days out in the American and Canadian West, and up to the first part of the 20th Century. It’s the tale of the Longs travelling the globe from Ireland to India and finally from Ireland to Ironton in Wisconsin. In keeping with today’s awareness of gender equality, many female ancestral lines have been traced back and their family histories incorporated into this text.
Limitations of time and space have obliged me to bring the story to a close with my Great-grandfather [Robert Henry] Long’s generation, with just a few exceptions, those being represented by three of my Grandmother’s cousins, whose outstanding achievements demand their inclusion in this text. Not to worry though! The names of all the known descendants [that is, all those known to me] of Richard and Charity Long are included in the genealogies contained in Part II of this book.11
Several months ago, I sent out almost three hundred letters to members of the many families descended from the Longs and the majority kindly responded by sending me up-to-date family trees naming all those in their branch of the “clan.” To those who were not contacted and to those who did not or could not respond, I would offer my apologies and say that all is not lost. If, as a result of the publication of The Longs of Longfield, I receive further genealogical information from several branches of the many families involved, I may then attempt to publish a revised genealogy of the Longs of Longfield in a few years down the road. I know that the younger members of families, in particular, are inclined to enjoy seeing their names in print.
A TRIBUTE TO ORMONDE PHILLIPS (1913-1996)
Without the help of our cousin, the late Ormonde Phillips, it is doubtful I would have been able to write the story of The Longs of Longfield. A great-grandson of Caroline Long [3rd daughter of Richard and Charity Long of Longfield] and her husband, Samuel Phillips of Gaile, Charles Ormonde Reynolds Phillips was passionately fond of genealogy. A member of the Irish Genealogical Society, Ormonde generously shared with me the fruits of his genealogical research, including the stories of the murder of Captain Richard Long and of the Longs in India.
When I visited Ireland in 1985, accompanied by my parents, Anne and Ted Caragata, and my aunts, Evelyn Howe and Shirley Nagel, Ormonde met us in Cashel12 and enjoyed guiding us to all the ancestral houses and historical spots in Tipperary. He also introduced me to the Registry of Deeds in Dublin and helped me locate several Long Family deeds. Over a period of twelve years, Ormonde and I exchanged a voluminous correspondence, almost entirely devoted to genealogy.
Tall and distinguished-looking, Ormonde Phillips was a charming, cultivated Anglo-Irish gentleman, gifted in the art of conversation. A born teacher, Ormonde served as my genealogy professor and I consider it a great honour to have had the pleasure of knowing him. Dear Ormonde, may you rest in peace!
1. Burke’s Guide To Country Houses Volume I Ireland, Mark Bence-Jones, Burke’s Peerage Ltd., London, 1978, p 190
3. Ireland Quarter-Inch Travel Map Wexford-Tipperary, Bartholomew, Edinburgh
4. James Russell Pogue of Toronto, is a descendant of the Pogues of Drumhillagh,, Co. Monaghan, & of the Connollys of Corrranewey, Co. Monaghan
5. Burke’s Irish Family Records, Burke’s Peerage Ltd., 1976, London, p 862
6. Irish Genealogist, vol 5, #1, Nov 1974, pp 120-130, “The Remarkable Mr Clarke,” by Ralph Lionel Clarke, gt-gt-grandson of the Rev Marshal Clarke
9. Colonel Sidney J. Watson was co-author [along with Molly O’Connell Bianconi] of Bianconi: King of the Irish Roads, Dublin, 1962. Charles Bianconi purchased Longfield from Richard Long II in 1846.
10. Thomas P. Power, author of Land, Politics & Society in Eighteenth Century Tipperary, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1993
11. Part II includes the names of more than 2,500 living descendants of Richard & Charity Long. If all their living descendants were known, the actual figure could conceivably be as high as three or four thousand!
12. The lovely city of Cashel is appropriately crowned by the magnificent Rock of Cashel, upon which stand the imposing ruins of castles and a cathedral. It is said that Saint Patrick himself baptised King Angus up on the Rock over 1,500 years ago. And King Brian Boru was crowned there almost 1,000 years ago.
Email Address: email@example.com
T OE R I N
O' Erin, dear Erin - the land of my birth,
The greenest, the sweetest, the fairest on earth.
I loved thee, I left thee, I cannot tell why,
But my heart gave a throb as I whispered ‘good-by.'
Thy sons are as brave as thy daughters are fair,
And altho' oppressed, they never despair,
But sail o'er the seas to the land of the free
And often O' Erin their hearts flow to thee.
I left my Colleen on the banks of the Suir,
While her tears trickled down like pearls so pure,
And the light from my life seemed then to depart,
As I kissed her, and pressed her dear form to my heart.
She promised to meet me on Columbia's fair shore,
But the angels, they took her - I saw her no more.
Her loss, O' ‘twas hard my poor heart to endure
Yet her spirit I know, makes heaven more pure.
All the friends of my childhood, I bade them adieu,
And embarked on a ship on the ocean so blue,
I gazed on the hills as they faded away,
And thought of the loved ones I left there to stay.
Then hope springing up kept my heart from despair,
As I looked to the west, my loss to repair.
Hope did not deceive me, my chances grew bright,
I worked with a will, ‘till my heart became light.
The flag I adopted, I fought to uphold,
But have not forgotten the ‘green and the gold.'
That flag by the side of the stripes and the stars,
Will get free old Ireland, assisted by Mars.
Stephen Moore Long
March 1st, 1902
The Author, Stephen Moore Long (1834-1903), was born at Fort Edward House, Ardmayle, near Cashel, Tipperary, in 1834, and died at LaValle, Sauk County, Wisconsin, U.S.A., in 1903. He was sixth son of Edward Thomas Long (1799-1875), of Fort Edward, by his wife, Mary Crozier Clarke (1804-1853), 3rd daughter of the Reverend Marshal Clarke (1755-1833), of Abbey, Tipperary, by his wife, Elizabeth Hare (1768-1847). Edward Thomas Long was the younger son of Colonel Richard Hutchinson Long (1740-1814) of Longfield, Cashel, Tipperary, by his wife, Charity Moore (1760-1842) of Barne, Clonmel, Tipperary.