The following is evidence (and speculation based on it) about an individual named Landon W. Abels/Ables/Abell (and others believed to be his relations) in Leake and Attala counties, Miss., during the period 1841 to 1849.Other researchers have identified a Landon C. Abels as a son of James Abel (b. 26 May 1795, S.C.) and indicated that he (Landon) lived in central Mississippi during this period.Based on the evidence below, Landon W. Abels/Ables/Abell and Landon C. Abels likely are the same individual, and hence the correct name is more likely Landon W. Abels.Other researchers have also identified Landon Abels as the first husband of Margaret Caroline McFatter Abel/Abels, who appears as head of household 171 in the 1850 U.S. Census of Attala Co.(Spelling of names herein is as appears in the original documents.)
1841State Census of Mississippi, Leake Co., page 2, L.W. Abels, 1 male.Also appearing in Leake Co. in the same state census (but on page 1) are James Abels (6 males, 3 females), Wm Abels (3 males, 3 females), and a second Wm Abels (5 males, 5 females).[A year earlier, in the 1840 U.S. Census of Leake Co., Miss., the listing for W.C. Abel (likely William C. Abel, b. 10 Oct 1819, Tenn.) shows 1 male, 1 female, and that for W.A. Abel (likely William A. Abels, b. ca. 1810, Tenn.) shows 3 males, 3 females.Thus, if the households of the two Wm Abels in 1841 are the same as those of W.C. Abel and W.A. Abel in 1840, the total number of males has increased by 4 and of females also by 4 in 1841.Who might these eight additional individuals be?]The listing of L.W. Abels in the 1841 state census (and not in the 1840 U.S. Census) could also indicate that he has reached age 21 by 1841, particularly since he is listed as a separate, single-member household.If so, his birth year would likely be ca. 1820.And he appears not to have married Margaret Caroline McFatter by the date of the 1841 state census since no female is listed with him.
1844Landon W. Abell (along with Wm Abel and Joseph Abel) is assessed on the Attala Co., Miss., personal property tax list as a free white poll; i.e., a male over age 21.
1846Landon W. Ables (along with Wm A. Ables) is assessed on the Attala Co., Miss., personal property tax list as a free white poll.
1847Landon W. Abels (along with James Abels, William Abels, and Iom Abels) is assessed on the Attala Co., Miss., personal property tax list as a free white poll.
1848Landon Ables (along with Abner Ables, William W. [likely for “Whitehead”] Ables, Jn Ables, W.A. Ables, and James Ables) is assessed on the Attala Co., Miss., personal property tax list as a free white poll.(William W. Ables is also assessed for two slaves under age 60, and James Ables $8 for a stallion.)
1849Landon Abell/Abels/Ables DOES NOT APPEAR on the Attala Co., Miss., personal property tax list (nor on tax lists of other central Mississippi counties), although Abner H. Ables, James Ables, Wm Ables Jr., Whitehead C. Ables, Joel [Joe?] Ables, and Isham W. Ables do appear on it.(Whitehead C. Ables is also assessed for a slave under age 60.)
The 1849 entry for “Wm Ables Jr.” may be significant in sorting out relationships among these Ables.If the suffix “Jr.” is correct and this individual is the W.A. Ables/Abels who appears in the 1850 U.S. Census of Attala Co. as age 35, b. Tenn. (and on the 1846 and 1848 tax lists above and also in three subsequent U.S. censuses indicating he was born ca. 1810), then he is most likely the youngest son of William C. Abel/Abell (b. ca. 1775, S.C.), not the eldest son of James Abel (b. 26 May 1795) as frequently reported by other researchers.The Whitehead C. Ables listed above would be William C. “Whitehead” Abel (b. 10 Oct 1819, Tenn.), and would thus be the eldest son of James Abel (b. 26 May 1795), and his name would conform with a common convention of the era of naming a firstborn son after the father’s father; i.e., William C. Abel (firstborn son of James Abel) named after the father (William C. Abel/Abell, b. ca. 1775, S.C.) of his father, James Abel (b. 26 May 1795).Also, a William Ables (age 85, b. S.C.) is listed in household 108 in the 1860 U.S. Census of Carroll Co., Miss., which is the household of Joseph Porter and his wife Adeline [Abel/Abels] Porter, who is believed to be the eldest daughter of James Abel (b. 26 May 1795, S.C.).This 85-year-old William Ables would be William C. Abel/Abell (b. 1775, S.C.) and thus the grandfather of Adeline Porter.Next door to the Porters is household 107, headed by William Ables (age 50, b. Tenn.) who would be William A. Abels/Ables (b. ca. 1810, Tenn.), the youngest son of William C. Abel/Abell (b. 1775, S.C.).The old lion, William C. Abel/Abell (b. 1775, S.C.), residing in his last years with and under the watchful eye of these two households, would tend to confirm them as the households of his eldest granddaughter and his youngest son; i.e., “Wm Ables Jr.” from the 1849 tax list.William C. Abel (b. 10 Oct 1819, Tenn.), who also would be a grandson of William C. Abel/Abell (b. 1775, S.C.), and his family were living in Madison Co., Miss., at the time of the 1860 U.S. Census.
Other researchers have observed that Landon Abels “disappears” prior to the 1850 U.S. Census in Mississippi, in which his apparent widow (Margaret Caroline McFatter Abel/Abels) and three children (William J., Martha, and Mary Ann Abel) appear without him.From the above entries, it is speculated that Landon W. Abels/Ables/Abell died ca. 1849, most likely in Attala Co., Miss.