It's very likely that your Joseph Abel is the same Joseph Abel who came to Randolph Co., Alabama from South Carolina via Tennessee and one of the 5 Abel brothers.The 1850 Census for Randolph Co., Alabama shows 44 year old Joseph Abel b. South Carolina as head of family with the following children:
James-age 20, Caroline-age 17, Richard-age 16, John-age 15, Andrew-age 13, Elizabeth-age 11, Ezekiel-age 9, Donita (sp??)-age 7, Samantha- age 5, Frances-age 3, and Thomas- age 1.
This is all of the info that I have on this Joseph Abel except that he was one of the 5 Abel brothers who originally came from South Carolina.If he is your ancestor, would appreciate any aditional info.I am descended from his brother, James Abel.