By the 1600's the Abernethys were scattered all over Scotland and a lot of the moving about was probably through the church that sent Bishops and church leaders to different parts of Scotland where they were needed. I could be wrong of course, but I believe our Robert Abernathy 1 of Virginia came from these apprentice records of the Abernethys below. In the apprentice records of Edinburgh we have a William Abernethy, a Robert Abernethy and an Andrew Abernethy. As we all know we have as our first Abernathys in America a William Abernethy of New England, an Andrew Abernath (Abernethy) of Virginia and Robert Abernathy 1 of Virgina. Also in the Midwest Genealogy Center of the Mid-Continent Public Library in Independence, MO, is the book "A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639 - 1651" by Edward M. Furgol, copyright 1990, John Donald Publishers LTD Edinburg, on page 173 is listed Major Andrew Abernethy of Niddrie's Foot of the Army of the Solemn League and Covenant. Niddrie's Foot was recruiting men and on 21 June 1644 were quartered at Kelso, Scotland which is about 30 miles southeast of Edinburgh and close to the traditional border with England. No doubt most of the men (boys) were found close to the bigger villages and cities of Scotland and no doubt that is the same Major Andrew Abernethy below in the apprentices. The late Robert Abernethy listed in the apprentices of Edinburgh below lived at Turnhouse, Scotland which is and was a village on the western edge of Edinburgh and maybe part of Edinburgh now. There is of course a Turnhouse golf course and airport. Bishop John Abernethy was probably playing golf at Dornoch, Scotland in the mid 1600's. Bishop John had a wife and children as did most, if not all, of the Bishops and etc, of the church. My choice to be the father of Robert Abernathy 1 of VA, is Arthur (below in the apprentices) of Turnhouse, or the son of Arthur. If Arthur had sons I bet he had one named Robert who probably was trained as a tailor which would have been a profession probably much needed in the VA backwoods. That is reaching a bit. I have been wrong before but unless something outstanding is found this will have to do for me. Maybe Robert Abernathy 1 of Va is the son of Major Andrew? You need a birth certificate. Yes, my choice is still Arthur. If anyone out there has more information, I would really like to see it.
Charlie AbernathyP.S. I did edit a bit, on the "son to" in the apprentices the book only has "A." but is very obviously "Abernethy". You can easily find the Edinburgh apprentice book on Google and you can call the Midwest Genealogy Library in Independence who will gladly help you with the other book. Probably. It might be in print?
This book is digitized by Google in conjunction with libraries for personal use and the Google water mark is stamped on each page of the PDF file. If you read the book on Google you will see the PDF file where Google explains their policy.
Publications, Parts 28-30 By Scottish Record Society
REGISTER OF APPRENTICES OF THE CITY OF EDINBURGH, 1580-1666. EDITED BY FRANCIS J. GRANT, W.S., ROTHESAY HERALD AND LYON cLERK. EDINBURGH : PRINTED FOR THE SOCIETY BY JAMES SKINNER & COMPANY. 1906.
The Register of Apprentices for the City of Edinburgh, as a separate record, is contained in two Volumes, viz.—
I. 29th May 1583 to 28th December 1647 ; II. 12th January 1648 to 3oth May 1666 ; after which date it is incorporated in the ordinary Guild Register.
The books bear to contain the names of all persons received as Apprentices to a merchant or craftsman with the duty of their entry silver, conform to Decreet-Arbitral set forth by the King's Majesty (James VI.) upon all differences between the merchants and craftsmen, conform to the Act and Statute of the Burgh. The portion of the Decreet-Arbitral bearing upon Apprentices and their entry silver is engrossed at the beginning of Volume I.
The dates are those at which the indenture was booked, but when another date is given in brackets, it is that of the indenture itself.
Two paragraphs in the Record explain the absence of entries of Apprentices between certain dates, viz.—" 10 April 1639.^Na consel all this times in respect of the trubells and in respect of the King's Schippis lyand in the road of Leyth, who come here upon the day of April last."
"21 January 1646.—Na Court all this time since the 25 day of June last, in respect of the great infection of the seikness of the plague and pestilence."
REGISTER OF APPRENTICES OF THE CITY of EDINBURGH 1583-1666.
Abernethy, Alexander, younger son to Alexander Abernethy, of Claymyres, with James Cathkyn, bookseller 9 Nov. 1618
Abernethy, Arthur, son to late Robert Abernethy, in Turnhouse, with William Symeson, tailor 22 Jan. 1590-1
Abernethy, James, son to John Abernethy, portioner of Greenlaw, with Andrew Borthwick, peuderer 4 Nov. 1629
Abernethy, John, son to John Abernethy, of Greenlaw, with Thomas Pryde, tailor 11 Dec. 1633
Abernethy, John, son to late Thomas Abernethy, portioner of Greenlaw, with William Borthwick, peuderer 28 Mar. 1655
Abernethy, Laurence, son to John Abernethy, in Boughall, with Andrew Young, merchant 26 May 1652
Abernethy, Symon, son to late Thomas Abernethy, in Greenlaw, with Robert Mackilbrayth, tailor 9 Dec. 1600
Abernethy, Thomas, son to late John Abernethy, in Glentore, with Rannald Cleghorn, skinner 8 July 1595
Abernethy, William, son to John Abernethy, indweller in Glencorce, with James Abernethie, peuderer 24 Mar. 1641
Abernethy, William, son to Major Andrew Abernethy, with Andrew Bryson, merchant 9 Feb. 1653
pages 41, 136, 144, 190, 4
(CRAIG)„ Robert, son to John C., with William Abernethy, pewtherer 3 Sept. 1656
(NAPIER)„ Archibald, son to Thomas N., indweller in Bell's Mylne Lone, with James Abernethy, peuderer 13 Mar. 1650
(PEDEN) John, son to William P., indweller in Leith, with James Abernethy, peuderer 16 Apr. 1648
(WALKER)„ Clement, son to Robert W., mason, with Arthur Abernethy, tailor 25 June 1606
(AITKEN)„ James, son to Robert A., in Listonshiels, with James Abernethie, peudarer 9 Aug. 1654