James Abernathy traveled with his family - Robert 4 and Sarah Abernathy and Robert 3 and Mary - from Virginia to Granville County, North Carolina in 1752 when he was about 10 years old -likely he did not get married in Virginia. George Cox and wife Eleanor Lamkin owned land on Anderson Swamp. George died in Virginia and his wife Eleanor sold the Virginia land and moved the family to Granville County where they probably lived at first with Eleanor's brother George Lamkin and his wife Hannah Smith who lived on Smith Creek where the Abernathys lived. Hannah Smith may be related to the Smith family the creek was named after - George and Hannah Lamkin moved to Mecklenburg County, NC, deed book 2 below. The Cox family included Vincent Cox who married Lucy Abernathy and Elizabeth Cox who married James Abernathy.
A Northumberland County, VA deed
Nov 19, 1764- Eleanor Cox and son Vincent Cox and wife Lucy of Bute County, NC sold to Fleet Cox the Land in Northumberland Co, VA, St. Stephens Parish, in the fork of the Yeocomico River. Record Book 6, page 519.( Lucy Abernathy married Vincent Cox sometime before this 1764 deed so she probably married Vincent Cox in 1763 when she was about 16 years old which would have made her born about 1747 in Virginia. She traveled with her Abernathy above to what was then the Smith Creek District of Granville County, NC, which became Bute County)
These deeds below are from "Warren County, North Carolina Records, Volume 2 Supplement, Abstracts of Bute Co., N.C. deeds registered in Warren Co. Deed Books 1,2,3,4,5,6&7, Supplement of Vol 2, DB-A, 1764-1766."
Deeds Abstracted & Indexed and Published by
Mary Hinton Kerr in 1967
Jesse Eubank Harris
Bute County Map by:
Panthea Ann Twitty
& Panthea Ann Twitty
ROBERT ABERNATHY,JR. to EDWARD SIMS, in Louisa Co., Va. 29 Jan. 1765. 110 Pds. Va. money for 400 A. on BS Little Creek, adj. WILLIAMS, MAYFIELD, CALLER & ABERNATHY. Wit: JAMES ABERNATHY, MILES ABERNATHY. Proved by JAMES ABERNATHY, Bute Jan. Court 1765, BEN McCULLOCH, C.C. Reg: 15 April 1765, SUSAN (SUGAN) JOHNSON, P.R. (Deed Book B, page 109, 110, below, Mill Creek is a branch of Little Creek)
Deed Book-1, p. 342, 6 Apr 1767. Robert ABERNATHY, SR. & Mary ABERNATHY to Martin DYE both of Bute Co. 100 Pds. VA money for 444 acres in Bute Co adj. Robert CALLER, ALLIN, an Earl GRANVILLE grant to Arundall ALLEN 6 Apr 1767. Witness: Jno HAWKINS, Elizabeth SIMES, Oswell POTTS, John RAMEY, Richard BRUCE?. Proved by John HAWKINS, Bute April Court 1767. Ben MCCULLOCH, C.C. Registered 29 June 1767, by William JOHNSON, P.R.
DB-2, page 174. 25 July 1768. GEORGE LAMKIN & HAN(N)AH, his wife, of Mecklinburg Co., N.C., to PHILLIP BURFORD, of Bute Co. 25 Pds. Va. money for 298 A. in Bute Co. on WS Smiths Creek, adj. EATON, PASCHAL, JOHN PASCHAL & HAWKINS, land surveyed for sd. GEORGE LAMKIN 1 June 1762. Wit: JAMES ABERNATHY, VINCERN COX, GEORGE COX. Proved by VINCENT COX, Bute February Court 1769, BEN McCULLOCH, C.C. Reg: 22 July 1769, by WILLIAM JOHNSON, P.R. Marginal notation: Deld. 14th. Feby 1771 to P. B.
DB-2, page 242. i December 1768. THOMAS JONES(JOHNES), of Meclinburg Co., N.C. to JAMES ABERNATHY, of Bute Co. 110 Pds. Va. money for 200 A. in Bute Co. on BS Smith Creek, beginning at the Pine Hill Branch. Wit: ROBERT ABERNATHY, ANN ABERNATHY, JOHN PUSOLICT(?), ROBERT CALLER. Proved by ROBERT CALLER, Bute May Court 1769, BEN McCULLOCH, C.C. Reg: 1 0ct.1769, by WILLIAMJOHNSON, P.R.
DB-3, page 174. 13 February 1770. CHARLES WILLIAMS, JR. & ELIZABETH, his wife, of Dinwiddie Co., Va., to ABRAHAM MAYFIELD, of Bute Co. 70 Pds. Va. money for 640 A. in Bute Co. on ES Little Creek, 300 A. of which being a grant, 5 March 1749, to ISRAEL ROBERSON. Wit: PHILIP BURFORD, JAMES & ELIZABETH ABERNATHY. Proved by PHILIP BURFORD, Bute February Court 1771, BEN McCULLOCH, C.C. Reg: 30 April 1771, by WILLIAM JOHNSON, P.R.
DB-3, page 175. 4 January 1771. JAMES ABERNATHY & ELIZABETH, his wife, of Bute Co., to DAVID PEEPLES, of Brunswick Co., Va. 161 Pds. Va. money for 200 A. in Bute Co. on BS Smith Creek, Pine Hill Branch. Wit: JOSEPH ALLEN, THOMAS JONES, JOSHUA VINSON. Ack: by JAMES ABERNATHY & ELIZABETH, his wife, she first consenting in private examination, Bute February Court 1771, BEN McCULLOCH, C.C. Reg: 30 April 1771, by WILLIAM JOHNSON, P.R.
(George Lamkin above is the uncle of the Cox children-Vincent Cox who married Lucy Abernathy and Elizabeth Cox who married James Abernathy. Their parents were George Cox and his wife Eleanor Lamkin. George Cox died about 1750 and Eleanor moved the family to the Granville County, NC area, she apparently lived by her oldest daughter Sarah and Sarah's husband John Rust. James Abernathy had a ferry on the Catawba River in what is now Gaston County, NC, as early as 1768 but he and wife Elizabeth Cox didn't sell completely out of Bute county until 1771 probably because Elizabeth's mother was still living there. Eleanor Lamkin Cox was on the 1771 tax list in Granville County, NC. "BS Smith Creek" stands for "both sides" Smith Creek. The Pine Hill Branch of Smith Creek is very close to the Virginia and North Carolina border. DB-2, p. 174, has notation on the end: Deld. 14th Feby 1771 to P. B. -Delivered 14 Feb 1771 to Phillip Burford - James and Elizabeth Abernathy may have carried this deed from the Mountain Creek area of present Gaston County, NC, to Phillip Burford on a trip back to NC, in 1771 to sell the remainder of their property in what is now Warren County and to visit Elizabeth's mother Eleanor Lamkin Cox and who had not made the trip to the Lincoln County, NC, area. Anderson's Swamp drains into Little Creek which is a tributary of Smith Creek. This Abernathy land was all between present Kerr Lake and I 85 )
The Abernathys lived on Smith Creek in the part of Granville County, NC, that became Bute County from 1764 to 1779 and then Warren County.
Robert Abernathy is listed on the 1752 Granville, NC, tax list
Robert Abernathy is listed on the 1753 Granville, NC, tax list
Robert Abernathy Jr andRobert Abernathy Sr are listed on the 1754 Granville, NC tax list in the same household
Robert Abernathy and son Robert are listed on the 1755 Granville, NC tax list in the same household
Robert Abernathy Jr, RobertAbernathy Sr and James Abernathy are listed in the same household in Smith's Creek District on theGranville, NC, tax list of1757( I have a copy ofthis original tax list sent to me by Timothy Rackley who published the tax list book. The original tax records are at the NC State Archives in Raleigh CR.044.701.20 )
The law since 1715 and modified slightly in 1749 wasthat all white males 16 years old and older had to be on the tax list and older males were exempt.
(I believe this means that Robert Abernathy Sr's sons Robert and James turned 16 years old sometime before the 1757 tax list was taken. Robert Abernathy 3 could have lived on another place in Bute Co and was maybe tax exempt because of old age.)
These deeds below are from "Abstracts of the Early Deeds of Granville County North Carolina 1746-1765" by Zae Hargett Gwynn, published by Joseph W. Watson, 1974. This book also has a map of the Granville County, NC, area in 1746 showing the Indian Trading Road from the Catawba and Cherokee Indians to Virginia. It goes right by Smith Creek. ( Roger Tillman or Tilghman was an Indian trader in the 1600's )
Deed Book B
109, 110-Sep 1, 1752- Renals Allen of Granville Co., NC to Robert Abernathy of Prince George Co, province aforesaid, for 40 pds. for 400 acres joining John Robason's line, Robert Cullen's line on Mill Creek. Wts: Micajah Gautuas? , John King. ( Robert Abernathy 3 had at least two separate tracts of Land in Granville Co, in 1752 )
123, 124- Dec 5, 1752- Runnel Allen to Robert Abernathy for 20 pds. 444 acres on Cabin Branch. Wts: Dan'l Weldon. ( Cabin Branch is a creek that runs into Smith Creek)
450, 451- Mar 8, 1755- George Cox and Elinor his wife, of Northumberland Co., VA to John Middleton of Westmoreland Co., VA for 70 pds. 310 acres which Capt. John Glover of this colony and country patented Apr 26, 1751, and by him deeded to William Searcy and he to George Cox, on N side of Anderson's Swamp in Granville Co, NC. Wts. George Lamkin, Sampson Lamkin, Daniel Wyatt, Hannah Lamkin. ( George Cox and his wife Elinor Lamkin were the parents of Vincent Cox who married Lucy Abernathy and Elizabeth Cox who married James Abernathy- Anderson's Swamp drains into Smith Creek. )
510, 511- Mar 2, 1756- A deed in Granville Co, NC from Israel Robertson to Charles Williams, Jr. of Dinwiddie Co., VA on east side of Little Shocco Creek.
513, 514- Mar 2, 1756- A deed in Granville Co., NC from William Stroud to John Abernathy of Brunswick Co, VA below mouth of Little Creek in Campbell's line to Mill Creek. Wts. Miles Abernathy, Charles Williams, Geo. Smith, Jr.
514, 515- Mar 2, 1756-Robert Abernathy, Jr. of Granville Co, NC to Robert Abernathy for 20 pds. 444 acres in Granville Co. in Robert Callier's ( Collier's ) line, Allen's line which was taken up Arundel Allen Oct. 27, 1752. Wts: none ( Robert Abernathy 3 and Mary sold the 444 acre tract of Land on Smith Creek to Robert Abernathy 4 and Sarah. Several Abernathys were in the Granville Co, NC courthouse on the same day- Mar 2, 1756 )
Deed Book C
Robert Abernathy and James Abernathy were witnesses to a deed in Granville Co., NC on Aug 9, 1756 ( James Abernathy would have been a teenager. On one deed a minor owned land )
George Lamkin and Robert Abernathy were witnesses to a deed in Granville Co, NC on Jul 1, 1758.
George Lamkin and Robert Abernathy were witnesses to a deed in Granville Co, NC on Nov 28, 1760........
I think that these tax records and Land records of Bute and Granville Counties, NC prove that James Abernathy was the son of Robert Abernathy 4 and Sarah Abernathy and that James Abernathy's wife Elizabeth Cox was the daughter of George Cox and Elinor Lamkin. I can find Robert and Mary Abernathy, Robert and Ann Abernathy and James and Elizabeth Abernathy but I can't find a Robert and Sarah Abernathy. It's Robert and Sarah on Robert's 1772 will in Lincoln County, NC and it's Robert and Sarah in Bristol Parish, VA. Her name might have been Sarah Ann Abernathy which is pretty confusing so I am sticking with just Sarah. Anyway that is what I have in all my genealogy records. We are all descendants of someone.