John A. Abney is not my direct ancestor--he would be an uncle.I descend from Joseph Duncan (JD) Abney of Angelina, Henderson, Hopkins, Titus counties in Texas.I don't find any of the folks you mentioned in your post so I can't determine what the connection is, but I imagine that much like the letters JD wrote to family still back in MS trying to get them to move out to TX perhaps it was some of your family who wroteJD and got him to contemplate then leave MS to head to TX!We have a number of old letters written in the mid 1850s-60s by JD.Do you happen to have any old family letters from your branch of Abneys? Can you tell from the following where Ruth's line ties into mine?
Ancestors of Joseph Duncan Abney - 8 May 2007
1.Joseph Duncan Abney was born in 1802 in Spartanburg, Spartanburg County, South Carolina.He appeared in the census in 1830 in Hinds County, Mississippi.He is named as executor in the estate/probate/will of Joshua K. Sewell on 18 Sep 1833 in Hinds County, MississippiIn 1833 he moved from Hinds County, Mississippi to Jasper County, Mississippi.He appears on Jasper County, Mississippi tax list for the year in 1837 paying taxes of $1.00 for 1 slave age 5-60 & 1 poll tax.He appears on Jasper County, Mississippi tax list for the year in 1838 paying taxesof 37 1/2 cents for 1 poll tax.He appears on Jasper County, Mississippi tax list for the year in 1839.He appeared in the census on 1 Jun 1840 in Jasper County, Mississippi.He appears on Jasper County, Mississippi tax list for the year in 1840 paying taxes of 37 1/2 cents state tax and $1.96 total tax for one poll.He appears on Jasper County, Mississippi tax list for the year in 1841 paying taxes of .55/$1.57 for 1 white poll and on 1 clock valued at $10.00.He appears on Jasper County, Mississippi tax list for the year in 1842 paying taxes of .55/$1.51 for 1 white poll and on 1 clock valued at $10.00.He appeared in the census in 1845 in Neshoba County, Mississippi State Census.In 1849 he moved from Neshoba county, Mississippi to St. Helena parish, Louisiana.In Dec 1849 he appears in the minutes of Jerusalum Baptist Church as preaching at Jerusalem Baptist Church in Amite county, Mississippi.He was a Baptist Minister, teacher and farmer.In 1850 he appears in the Minutes of the Mississippi River Baptist Association as a committee member in Amite county, Mississippi.In 1850 he appears in the Minutes of the Mississippi River Baptist Association as a Minister of the association in Amite county, Mississippi.He appeared in the census on 10 Sep 1850 in Eastern district, St. Helena parish, Louisiana.p199 hh#303.
303J. D. Abney48MSC
Nathaniel A.10MMs.He appeared in the census on 10 Sep 1850 in Eastern district, St. Helena parish, Louisiana.In Jun 1851 he appears in the Minutes of Jerusalum Baptist Church as moderater in the case of W.B. Wall in Amite county, Mississippi.In 1851 he appears in the Minutes of the Mississippi River Baptist Association as a Minister of the association in Amite county, Mississippi.In 1852 he appears in the Minuts of the Mississippi River Baptist Association as Rev. J. D. Abney, moderator in Amite county, Mississippi.In 1853 he moved from St. Helena parish, Louisiana to Angelina county, Texas.On 20 Feb 1854 he is named in Book A of the County Commissioners Court Minutesin Angelina county, Texas."Ordered by the Court that Daniel Monteeth be and he is hereby appointed an Overseer to work from the Gann's Bluff Road from the forks of the Road to the Creek at Joel Wills with the following hands to work the same to wit: C. W. Terr, James Teer, J. H. Kyukendall, William Cheatham, George W. Cheatham, Edmund Cheatham, Francis Cheatham, Nathan Gann, J. D. Abney & son, Joel Hill's hands, John N. Williams, J.B. McNabb, C.P. & J.C. Reynolds."On 20 Feb 1854 he is named in Book A of the County Commissioners Court Minutes in Angelina county, Texas."Ordered by the Court that Daniel Monteeth be and he is hereby appointed an Overseer to work from the Gann's Bluff Road from the forks of the Road to the Creek at Joel Wills with the following hands to work the same to wit: C. W. Terr, James Teer, J. H. Kyukendall, William Cheatham, George W. Cheatham, Edmund Cheatham, Francis Cheatham, Nathan Gann, J. D. Abney & son, Joel Hill's hands, John N. Williams, J.B. McNabb, C.P. & J.C. Reynolds."In 1854 he moved from Angelina County, Texas to Henderson County, Texas.He penned a letter stating "Dear Children" [Enoch & Susan Jones] on 4 May 1855 in Henderson County, Texas.Henderson County, Tex. May 4th, 1855
I rec'd a letter from you some days since which gave us much pleasure to hear of your health and prosperity.I feel truly greatful to kind providence that that I am permitted to say that we are in good health but times are more tight in respect to corn, and provisions generly than any time that I have ever seen.In fact corn cannot be bought any price, owing in part to the dry weather wich caused many to suppose that there could be no crop raised this year, but on last Tuesday night we had a rain that put our corn to growing nicely.It is now threatening rain so that I have no doubt but we shall have plenty and crops look much better than you would think they could look be planted and raised intirely without rain.I now think we shall have plenty and if we do crops must be good after all.You say in your letter that you wish to look into the situation of the ?rgui Gap land.Melvin wrote to me on the same subject some time since.I will now say to you and to him that if you can get anything from it that you may divide it between you and have it all, as I never shall ask for any part of it.
If Robert R. Abney does not come to Texas so that you can send me some money you will please get a Louisiana Bank note cut it in two, and send one half in a letter to Nathaniel A. Abney and the other half in a letter to me, do not mail them both at the same office, and do not mail at Hillsboro, but Union, Philadelphia, Decatur or Brandon, this will be much less trouble to us both than a draft.I shall be truly glad to see it as I am in debt and out of everything else, and no man can get provisions here without the cash.My little crop looks as well as others and we have seasons.I think I shall make plenty of corn.Let Melvin hear from me and you must both write often.
Your Father, J.D. AbneyHe penned a letter stating "Dear Children" on 6 Sep 1855 in Henderson County, Texas.Sept 6, 1855
State of Texas Henderson County
Dear Children,I have again become tired of waiting on you for a letter and will again ask you to write.I speak to both Jones and Purvis.I hae not had a letter from Jones since last spring and Purvis has written but once since he went back to Mi[ssissippi].I should not write now only for the purpose of asking you to write to me, for I have nothing to add to what I have told you before.Texas is a good country and since I have been here I do not think that any country could be more healthy.Death has seldom been heared of and sickness is not a common occurance.Crops are good, and I think the best in appearance of most that I ever saw in life.
Our country is settling fast, and land is riseing steadily.I believe that a lrge portion of Texas is the best wheat country in the United States.It now has more wheat than can find a home market and it is going to foreign countries.I know of no part of the state where the crop is short notwithstanding the dry season that we have had.It has been some time since I have heard from the boys and then I heard nothing of particular note, only I suppose that Collins has nearly or perhaps intirely missed a crop owing to the stiff and dry nature of his land which prevented the seed from sprouting in the spring or early part of summer, in fact we have had no sufficient rains until the latter part of Aug.
Nathaniel is with me.We raised plenty of corn, and have hogs for meat.I intend on going to where I can get more land.
I need say no more til you write to me
Your father, J. D. Abney
Direct your letters to Tarrant in Hopkins County.I do wish you would tell me where to write to you and Melvin.In 1855 he moved from Henderson County, Texas to Hopkins County, Texas.He appears on Hopkins County, Texas tax list for the year in 1856 taxed on 320 acres land on Duncan's Creek in Henderson County, Texas.On 12 Aug 1856 he bought 320 acres on Kickapoo Creek, a tributary of the Neches River in Henderson County, Texas.He appears on Hopkins County, Texas tax list for the year in 1857 taxed on 320 acres land on Duncan's Creek in Henderson County, Texas.He appears in the court records of Hopkins County, Texas where it is noted that court established payment to J. D. Abney for service as a teacher for the previous year, 1856.He appears on Hopkins County, Texas tax list for the year in 1858 taxed on 320 acres land on Duncan's Creek in Henderson County, Texas.He appears in the court records of Hopkins County, Texas where it is noted that court established payment to J. D. Abney for service as a teacher for the previous year, 1857.On 24 Sep 1858 he sold 320 acres on the waters of Kickapoo Creek in Henderson County, Texas.Dated 24 SEP 1858 and filed 25 SEP 1858.Joseph D. Abney received a patent on this land dated 11 AUG 1856 from the Texas General Land Office, described as patent #461 in patent volume 13, file #2447, abstract #258.He penned a letter stating Sir yours has been rec'd (to Robert R. Abney, his brother) after 1858 in West Point, Texas.West Point Texas April 2nd, 1???
R. R. Abney Homescal?, MS
Sir yours has been rec'd, and before I go f[arther] I will ask you what kind of seed it conta[ins] and when they may be planted.
You yet seem to wish to know somethi[ng] of Texas which I do believe you will find [out] best by calling over, and looking at it for I h[ave] hinted at much on former occasions, and I can only say at this time that I now, af[ter an] almost six year trial, I like it better than e[ver] and the best part of Texas is anywhere in the ? that lies far enough from the Gulf for the land ? able to produce, is good for corn.??? land countries, say Jasper, Mi[ssissippi]. The rain generally stops soon or it would fully equal that for cotton and pot[atoes] but this is nothing compared with the stock ? ness, and though cows, horses and hogs are always [on] the increase the sheep raiser is the man that n[?] the money, for I will not present the figures th[at] the sheep owners show me, but I will say this ? all that I am acquainted with that have bee[n in] the business for a four? ? are making for? And well they may for the sheep live winter & su[mmer] on the range, double or nearly so every year. Mut[ton] Is worth 250 and stock sheep 4 to 5 $ and wool 19 ? c5, you think of takin 1,000 that will clip ? of wool and increase at the above rate for 5 yea[rs]
and see what it will do for the owner.Hogs are also good but we have had one year (1857) that they did not get fat, and most of the Mothers & Pigs died, horses & cows do all that can be done as they live on the range and heifers mostely have calves at two years or even younger than that some at 18 months as I am told by truthful persons that notice such things.This is by far the most pleasant and healthy country that I have seen though on the water courses is is like other countries, sickly.
The western portion of the state which is settled by men of wealth (Land from 3 to 25$) is said to be the best part of the state, and the most healthy and delightful part of Earth, but the range and wheat is mostly the inducement as the seasons? are always by through the summer and autumn.
I do not know of anything that I can add only to speak of our good health though there have been some winter sickness and death in our country this season, but our warm? By winter gave way to fine spring weather in the last of ?any and now stock look fine, corn it is up and doing well and wheat heading and full of promise for an early and full harvest.
I will also say that if you want to put a stock of sheep in this country you can have them well kept for ¼ for any length of time by honest shepherds, but the best light investment that I know of would be to send me a good printing press, large enough to print a paper of good size and let me haveit soon and means to carry on for awhile, our canvass/convoys? will open in May and it will be one of the hardest struggles ever known.Old Sam is to rise again in Aug or his is dead for good, and many are like me not willin to bury the old soldier and statesman while our Politicians are so corrupt as they are at this time, for if he is defunct they are on their own hook independently.
I would take any number of sheep from 500 to 2,000 head, and I have as good a location as our state affords.
You say John Booth is in Texas, when did he come and ? ? , do tell him to write to me.
J. D. Abney
P.S. Land is worth 1$ to enter, private holders ask 2 to perhaps 10$, negroes any price 15 to 2000, horses are up high, cattle 6 to 7$ per head, sheep 4 to 5$ scarce or hard to buy. Bacon 12 ½$ corn or wheat 75 cts, flour 3$ per cwt?. Provisions are plenty, but there is no money in all these regions.Groceries and goods are high
NOTE: Page 1 has the right edge of the letter cut off in my copy thus the unascertainable words, some of which were relatively obvious from the context of the sentence they fell in, others not so easily determined.Where I have inserted letters/words I have indicated in brackets [ ].Where I was unable to determine a word or words I have inserted a question ? mark.
He appeared in the census on 15 Jun 1860 in White Oak, Hopkins County, Texas.p138.He appears on Hopkins County, Texas tax list for the year in 1860 with taxable property listed as 320 acres of land and one horse.On 3 Oct 1860 he sold 160 acres situated on Big Creek 19 miles west of Mt. Pleasant, in Titus County, Texas in Hopkins County, Texas.He appears on Hopkins County, Texas tax list for the year in 1862 with taxable propert listed as 350 acres of land and one poll tax.On 23 Apr 1864 he sold 130 acres on White Oak Creek in Hopkins County, Texas.Deed Book H page 356, Hopkins County, Texas (dated 23 APR 1864 & filed 03 MAY 1864).He appears on Hopkins County, Texas tax list for the year in 1864 with taxable property listed as 395 acres of land $290.00 in livestock and one poll tax.He died between 1865 and 1870 in Hopkins County, Texas.Additional Sources Include:LDS IGI records.1819-1849 Abstradex of MS Free & Accepted Masons. The Prominent Family of the United States of America by Burke, 1908 p278-9. Colonial Families of the United States of America vol. 2 by Mackenzie, 1911.Notes of Mrs. Hill DENSON, Bay Springs, MS.Notes of Ray ABNEY, Chalmette, LA.Jasper Co, MS tax rolls for 1837-1842. Deeds: Neshoba & Hinds Counties, MS.
2.Paul Collins Abney was born about 1765 in South Carolina.He was born about 1767 in South Carolina.He appeared in the census in 1790 in Edgefield County, South Carolina.*on census with mother Lucy AbneyOn 14 May 1791 he witnessed a Deed book 13 in Edgefield County, South CarolinaOn 27 Apr 1793 he sold in Union County, South Carolina.Deed Union co., SC dated 27 APR 1793-Paul Abney and mother Lucy selling estate of Nathaniel Abney, deed states they resided in Edgefield Co., SC at the time.He appeared in the census in 1810 in Edgefield County, South Carolina.He appears on Bedford County, Tennessee tax list for the year in 1812.On 3 Mar 1830 he sold located in "the west corner of sectoin number 18, township number 15, range 4 east", 50 acres, in Warren County, Mississippi.He appeared in the census in 1830 in Warren County, Mississippi.He died before 1 Feb 1832 in Hinds County, Mississippi.On 1 Feb 1832 he sold E 1/2 of SW 1/4 S18 T14 R4E 87 16/100 acres of estate of Paul C. Collins Esq, deceased in Warren County, Mississippi.On 2 Apr 1832 he sold NW corner of NW 1/4 S18 T14 R4E, containing 30 acres of the estate of Paul C. Abney Esq, deceased in Warren County, Mississippi.Paul Collins Abney and Dorothy "Dolly" Rutherford were married about 1792 in Edgefield County, South Carolina.They were married in 1798 in Spartanburg, Spartanburg County, South Carolina.
3.Dorothy "Dolly" Rutherford was born about 1765.She was born about 1778.On 1 Feb 1832 she sold in Warren County, Mississippi.On 2 Apr 1832 she sold in Warren County, Mississippi.
4.Dr. Nathaniel Abney was born about 1729 in Halifax County, Virginia.He was born about 1743 in Halifax County, Virginia.On 3 Apr 1764 he bought 400 acres from his father Abraham Abney in Halifax County, Virginia.He served as in the military in Revolutionary War.On 8 Jun 1780 he witnessed a deed between David and Mary Hopkins of Camden dist and Ferdinand Hopkins of Cumberland Co, VA in Chester county, South CarolinaOn 6 Jun 1785 he witnessed a deed of Ferdinand Hopkins to Daniel Lipham for tract of land in 96 dist. on Tyger and Enoree rivers in Union County, South CarolinaDeed Book A p324.In 1785 he bought in Ninety Six District, South Carolina.Series Number: S213192 Volume: 0042
Page: 00009 Item: 01
Date: 1785 C.
Description: ABNEY, NATHANIEL, PLAT FOR 640 ACRES ON BROAD RIVER AND HAGANS ISLAND, NINETY SIX DISTRICT, SURVEYED BY DAVID HOPKINS.
Names Indexed: ABNEY, NATHANIEL/HOPKINS, DAVID/GEIGER, MARY ANN/TAYLOR, THOMAS/PINCKNEY, WILLIAM/HOGAN, JAMES/POSEY, FRANCIS/TIMS, JAMES/VINCENT, JESSE/HOOPER, EPHRAIM/SIMS, JAMES
Locations: BROAD RIVER/HAGAN ISLAND/NINETY SIX DISTRICT/CANE CREEK
On 18 Oct 1786 he was appointed a Magistrate for the County in Barnwell county, South Carolina.He signed a will on 1 Jul 1787 in South Carolina.He died between Jul 1787 and Jan 1788 in South Carolina.He hasa will proven on 15 Jan 1788 in Winton County, South Carolina.He will was recorded on 11 Mar 1788 in Winton County, South CarolinaAs recorded there on 06 APR 1789.
AMER. REV. SOLDIER, KILLED IN DUEL IN 1787, WILL DATED 01 JUL 1787, WILL PRESENTED TUESDAY 15 JAN., 1788, PROVED 11 MAR 1788 D.A.R. NATIONAL #70802 STATE #789; DEED HALIFAX CO, VA DATED 03 APR 1764 BY ABRAHAM ABNEY TO HIS SON NATHANIEL ABNEY. DEED UNION CO SC DATED 1793 WIFE LUCY AND SON PAUL OF EDGEFIELD CO, SC SELL LANDOWNED BY NATHANIEL ; ABNEY BY HENSEL; . RESIDED IN LUNENBURG AND HALIFAX CO., VA. ORANGEBURG AND 96 DIST S.C. IN 96 HE LIVED IN THAT PART WHICH BECAME UNION CO. IN ORANGEBURG HE LIVED IN THAT PART WHICH BECAME WINTON CO., WHICH WAS RENAMED BARNWELL CO. APPOINTED MAGISTRATE FOR WINTON CO., SC ON 18 OCT 1786 SERVED UNTIL HIS DEATH.Dr. Nathaniel Abney and Lucy Collins were married about 1761.
5.Lucy Collins was born about 1739 in Spotsylvania County, Virginia.She is named as executor in the estate/probate/will of her husband Nathaniel Abney on 15 Jan 1788 in Winton County, South CarolinaShe appeared in the census in 1790 in Edgefield County, South Carolina.She died after 26 Mar 1793 in South Carolina.On 30 Dec 1809 she witnessed a witness to land deed Deed Book 30 in Edgefield County, South CarolinaShe died after 31 Dec 1809 in South Carolina.
6.James Rutherford was born about 1730 in Banks of Wattoreay River, Essex County, Virginia.He appeared in the census in 1790 in Nash county, North Carolina.He signed a will on 20 Jan 1797 in Edgefield County, South Carolina.He died on 19 Dec 1797 in Edgefield County, South Carolina.He hasa will proven in Jan 1798 in Edgefield County, South Carolina.He served as in the military in Revolutionary War.He was buried in Newberry County, South Carolina.Buried in family cemetery of Col. Robert Rutherford.He was appointed a Constable for 3 years in Wake County, North Carolina.He had a family history article appear in Rutherford Family History.James Rutherford and Drucilla Brooks were married about 1759.
7.Drucilla Brooks was born about 1740 in Hobbs Hole, Virginia.She died on 10 Feb 1808 in Edgefield County, South Carolina.She was buried in Newberry County, South Carolina.Buried in the family cemetery of Col. Robert Rutherford.
8.Abraham Abney was born in 1702 in Gloucester county, Virginia.He was baptized on 27 Dec 1702 in Abingdon parish, Gloucester county, Virginia. He died between 4 Jun 1783 and 26 Oct 1785 in Camden district, (Chester county part), South Carolina.He died about 1784 in Camden district, (Chester county part), South Carolina.
BAPTISMAL RECORD OF ABINGTON PARISH, GLOUCHESTER CO., VA.DEED HALIFAX CO, VA PG 162, 163 DATED 03 APR 1764 TO SON NATHANIEL ABNEY; ABNEY BY HENSEL; CARPENTER EARLY IN LIFE, CHARGED WITH "BREAKING STOCKS" AND WAS IMPRISONED FOR BEING AND APPEARING DRUNK IN COURT. BECAME A DOCTOR. CLAIMED TO DISCOVER A CURE FOR CANCER AND APPLIED TO VA. AWARD FOR CLAIM. PERFORMED SERVICE TO THE CONTINENTAL ARMY. RESIDED IN SPOTSYLAVANNIA, HANOVER, AND HALIFAX COUNTY, VA. MOVED TO 96 DIST. SC. THEN TO CAMDEN DIST. IN 1743 SOLD LAND IN WHICH WAS DESCRIBED AS LAND EDWARD DEAN LIVES ON ( HIS SON IN LAW)Abraham Abney and Cassandra Meredith were married about 1739.
9.Cassandra Meredith was born in 1718 in Virginia.On 26 Oct 1785 she bought grant of 640 acres in Orangeburgh district, South Carolina.On 1 Jan 1787 she bought 640 acres in Orangeburgh district, South Carolina.She died about 1791 in South Carolina.
10.James Collins was also known as Joseph Collins.He was also known as Joseph Collins.
MIGRATED TO LUNENBURG CO., VA. BY ABOUT 1747 AND WAS IN HALIFAX CO. WAS FORMED IN 1752.James Collins and Elizabeth Wilie were married.
11.Elizabeth Wilie was also known as Lucy Prisher Marchbanks.She was also known as Lucy Prisher Marchbanks.
12.John Rutherford died in 1742.John Rutherford and Mary Atkinson were married.
13.Mary Atkinson was born.
16.Dannett Abney was baptized on 26 Feb 1659 in St. Mary's Church, Leicester, Leicestershire county, England.He was born in 1658/59 in Leicester, Leicestershire county, England.*twin of GeorgeOn 7 Jul 1724 he bought 280a. in St. Paul's parish, Hanover co, VA and 400a. in St. George parish, Spotsylvania co,VA in Spotsylvania County, Virginia (as noted in deed book A).*jointly with Dannett Abney Jr.In 1728 he bought grant from King George II of 419 acres in Spotsylvania County, Virginia.Land grant of 1728 to Thomas Hill and Dannett AbneyHe signed a will on 5 Feb 1732 in Spotsylvania County, Virginia.He died in Spotsylvania County, Virginia.
DOC: COLONIAL FAMILIES; CHURCH RECORDS OF ABINGTON PARISH, GLOCHESTER CO, VA.; WILL PROBATED 5 MAR 1733.Dannett Abney and Mary Lee were married before 1693 in ?Virginia.
17.Mary Lee was born about 1666 in Leicester, Leicestershire county, England.She is named as executor in the estate/probate/will of Dannett Abney, her husband in Feb 1732 in Spotsylvania County, VirginiaShe died after 1735 in St. Paul's parish, Hanover county, Virginia.
18.Samuel Meredith was born.
20.Joseph James Collins was also known as James Collins.Joseph Collins and ? ? were married.
21.? ? was born.
22.George Marchbanks was born.George Marchbanks and Ann Echols were married.
23.Ann Echols was born.
24.Robert Rutherford died after 21 Aug 1728 in (probably) Essex County, Virginia.Robert Rutherford and Margaret ? were married.
25.Margaret ? was born.
32.George Abney was born before 11 Jul 1613 in Leicester, Leicestershire county, England.He was baptized on 11 Jul 1613 in St. Mary's Church, Leicester, Leicestershire county, England.He died before 3 May 1661 in Leicester, Leicestershire county, England.He was buried on 3 May 1661 in The Chancel of St. Mary's Church, Leicester, Leicestershire, England.
33.Bathusa Dannett signed a will on 8 Jan 1706 in England.Left to her only son, Dannett, the greater part of her estate, appointing two poor people executors, giving them five shillings each. As Dannett was not in England he never claimed his inheritance which was eventually escheated to the crown.She died in 1706 in England.She had a will probated on 22 Sep 1712.
35.Mary ? was born.Mary ? were married.
64.Paul Abney was born in Leicester, Leicestershire county, England.He died on 10 Jun 1635 in England.He hasa will proven on 18 Jun 1635.
65.Mary Brookesby was born in Stapleford, Leicestershire, England.