No primary evidence exists that PROVES that John Acorn of PEI is related to the Eichhorn family of Old Broad Bay,
HOWEVER the following documents have been carefully analyized:
[*** It Seems that BBP has scrambled info on 3 Eichhorn generations beginning with this emigrating coupleNEEDS PRIMARY DOCUMENTATION *** ]
SUSPECT A MAJOR ERROR HERE RE: WIFE MARGARET REID - BBP SHOWS HER AS SPOUSE OF FATHER & SON; F & S BOTH HAVE SAME DATES OF DEATH; SOME CHILDRENS NAMES ARE THE SAME] I am going to assume that some information belongs to Mattheuss (JR) and am recording it as such, as it best matches the legends. - CAS
LEGEND: In 1742, Matthias Eichorn came to Waldoboro from Germany by way of Holland and married a titled German Lady, who ran away from home to join him in the new country." [Was this Anna?]
Mathias [SR] constructed the first mill [in the colony].
Matthias [JR] married a Native American woman of the Algonquin/Penobscot/Abernaki tribe. She was the mother of John Acorn who settled in PEI.Mathias married Margaret Catherine Bane born 1700 died 1756.[?]
After his father died in 1777, John was raised by his grandparents. John learned the mill trade.His uncles, jealous of him and his relationship with his grandmother, had him 'crimped' into military service.
When the American Revolution broke out, he [John] joined the British Army.Thus being on the wrong side when the war ended, he joined the United Empire Loyalists and came to the Isle of St. Jean [PEI] in 1782.John died 1857.
John Acorn came to Squaw Bay, PEI. in 1782. The Eichorns were millers for many generations.
Prince Edward Island Magazine, vol. 1:The Acorn family:The Acorn Mill at Pownell:(1)
"John Acorn, the founder of the Acorn family,of this island,arrived here in 1782, when quite a young man.
He was born near Danforth, [in Broad Bay, York County, Massachusetts Bay Colony, now Waldoboro, Lincoln
County] Maine, and was a miller like his father, Mathias Acorn.A native of Hease, Darmstadt, Germany,Mathias
was drowned in his prime at Moose Head Rapids. "
John Acorn having fought with the British Army as a Loyalist was given 100 acres of land at Vernon River by Gov. Patterson and later it was deeded to him by Gov. Fanning in 1795.Later he abandoned his Vernon River mill and settled in Pownal,building a gristmill and a sawmill on Mill Creek."
King's Rangers Muster Roll (Hayden's Co.) of the following Disbanded officers, Discharged soldiers and their
respective families ofHis Majestys late First Battalion ofKings Rangers that are now settled and preparing to
Settle on the Island of Saint John (Prince Edward Island), taken 12th day of June 1784.John Acorn Private Lot 50...
Thomas Trout (Prought, Praught) Private Lot 50[Thanks to Leonard Praught of Halifax NS for pointing out an often-cited name of "Thomas Prout" which should actually read "Thomas Trout"],Frederick Prout (Praught) Private Lot 50, [These 3 men probably came from Broad Bay]
"In September 1788,[in Vernon River, Lot 50, Queens County, PEI. ] John Acorn married Eleanor Williams, daughter of Captain [Frederick] Williams, a retired officer of the British army who settled in Nova Scotia.The bride was 17 and the groom 27.They had 13 children: seven sons, and six daughters: ..."
John Acorn died 6/19/1857 age 96.His death notice which appeared in The Islander 7/3/1857 mentioned his descendants, but not his wife. Eleanor predeceased him by a number of years. Both are buried in the Pownal, [Lot 49] PEI United Methodist Church Cemetary.
Providing dates are correct:
Mathias Eichorn JR , b 1738 , is most likely John Acorn's father.
My reasoning is this:
M Eichorn SRb 1709, if died in 1777 would have been age 68; M Eichorn JR b 1738 reportedly d 4/1777 age 39.
When John was born, Mathias JR would have been 23 years old and 39 when he died in 1777.[in his prime - yes].
Who was his wife?John would have been 16 when his father died.
Mathias' estate papers dated 4/29/1777 Probate Estate administratrix was Margaret Eichhorn, assumed to have been his wife.
Other information indicates that Margaret Catherine Reid(b abt 1743) marriedMatthiasEichhorn JR (b 1738)
abt 1765.She would have been age 22,he27.Other sources refer to her as Margaret Catherine Bane Reid/Reed.
Was she a widow? Or is Bane a family name?Her marriage may have occurred 4 years after John's birth.So it is
possible that Matthias JR had a child with another woman, perhaps a Native.
This timeline seems closest to the Legend.
In 1983, a book titled "An Island Refuge" was put together to observe the Bicentennial of the arrival of the Loyalists on the Island of Saint John (PEI).In the book it mentions John Acorn born at Broad Bay,(Waldoboro) in 1761.Hisgrandfather was Matthias Eichorn who emigrated from Germany c 1740. [actually 1742 on the Ship Lydia] The book states that John did receive a deed to 100 acres of land in VernonRiver in 1788 from Governor Patterson. Patterson gave Acorn the land in Vernon River so he would remain on PEI and start a mill.He married Eleanor Williams age 17.On Dec. 1, 1795 John purchased from Anne Clarke, two hundred acres of land in the Pownal area of Lot 49 and for many years ran the grist and saw mill of "49" referred to as Acorn's Mill and the Mayflower Mills.In 1835 John deeded half of the farm property and the mill over to his son, William. The same year he deeded to his son, James, the shore property of 66 acres, which he had purchased from John Cambridge in 1824. It is said that John had black hair,
with heavy eyebrows and beard.He was said to be very set in his ways, and methodical. Here's an interesting note: The change in the name from the German Eichorn to Acorn wasgradual English phonetic envolvement.On leafing
through old papers one comes across Eachorn, Achorn as well as the origianal Eichorn[Eichhorn/Eychhorn]. The Acorns on Prince Edward Island, who are all descendants of John, are the only ones who spell their name as "Acorn".
(3) 1.1b.7a Mattheus EICHHORN* Grandson, 872, M
Birth Date: 27 Apr 1709
Birth Place: Gobrichen, Baden,Germany
Emig Date: 1742, age: 32
Emig Place: from Gobrichen, Baden, Germany
Emig Memo: on ship LYDIA
Purchase Date: 17 Apr 1753, age: 43
Purchase Place: Granted 100 Acres Broad Bay
by Samuel Waldo to Mathias Achorn
Death Place:Broad Bay Plantation, aka Waldoboro, Lincoln,Maine ??
Death Memo: 1777 probate papers probably belong to his son, Matthias
Burial Place: probably Waldoboro, Lincoln, Maine
Alias:Matteis Eichhorn SR
Occ: 1742 Farmer at time of emigration per LYDIA passenger list
Marr Date: 17 Apr 1733
Marr Place: Gobrichen, Baden, Germany
This does not appear like a runaway marriage just before the emigration of 1742. [see legend]
Spouse: Anna Maria DORSCH*3, F
Birth Date: bef 19 Apr 1708
Birth Place:Gobrichen, Baden, Germany
Birth Memo: prior to Baptism
Bapt Date: 19 Apr 1708
Bapt Place: Gobrichen, Baden, Germany
Emig Date: 1742, age: 33 Emig Place: Germany for Broad Bay Plantation, Maine age 34
Death Date: ASSUMED by BBP c 1742, age: 33 Death Place:at sea, on ship to America
Death Memo: probably during childbirth
Death Place: or America
Occ: 1742wife & mother
Cause: possibly childbirth at sea during emmigration 
Father:Hans Jacob DORSCH, 934, M
Mother:Anna Margretha JUNG, 935, F
"Mattheus & Anna had 4 children in Gobrichen, Germany ."
Johann Jacob, 877, M (1733-1827)
Elisabetha (Died as Child), 891, F (1736-1737)
Matteis/Matthaus/Matthias, 801, M (1738-<1777)
Jerg Michel, 1116, M (1740-1823)
John Bernard, 892, M (1742-1832) was born at sea during the emigration.
He & wife Anna, sons [Johann] Jacob 8, Mattheuss 4, Jerg 1 1/2, his sister Barbara Eichhorn Giesser, widow age 41, her son age 11- [POSSIBLY Heinrich Ernst Giesser].Emigrated together from Germany to Broad Bay, ME aboard ship LYDIA.[A Barbara Giesser & son Heinrich Ernst Giesser was found on the Familycrest web site under Giesser which showed them arriving in PA in 1742.]
[I THINK Book Broad Bay Pioneers pg 180 citing they "probably had 3 more in Broad Bay" is incorrect. Pp 181-182 cites she " Probably died giving birth to John Bernard at sea, 1742."
INFO IS CONTRADICTARY : if she died at sea on route to America, how could she have had more children in America?... - which is correct?]
[It is reasonable to assume that IF Matheus' wife, Anna Maria Dorsh, died during emigration in 1742, that he would have married very soon afterwards to provide his very young family with a mother.
[Whom did he marry abt 1743, probably in Broad Bay. It was NOT Margaret Catherine Ried, as she immigated in 1752 at the age of 9.]
Research: Ad circulating in Germany c 1750 was signed by 15 settlers of Broad Bay who arrived by crossing "the big ocean in the year 1742..., after a journey of 5 weeks & 3 days..." Mattheus Eichhorn was a signer.
A Maine professor, Dr Josef Roggenbauer in his article "Waldoboro 'Ad'for Settlers..." published in the Lincoln County News, makes an excellant argument for the names on this notice being added by Waldo without the settlers knowledge.
Other Spouses 2nd wife: unknown
Copy of Will of Mathias Eichorn of Waldoborough, ME April 29, 1777
photocopy obtained from Steven Acorn transcribed by Carol Shiels 6/2004
[note: page 43, vol 2 (of what?)]
Lincoln County State of Maine________________________________by the
Honorable Jonathan Bowman Esq, Judge of the probate of Wills, and for granting Setlers of Administration on the Estates of persons deceased having Goods, Chattles, Rights or Credits in the County ofLincoln within the State foresaid.
To Margaret Eichorn of Waldoborough in the County of Lincoln and the State aforesaid without Greeting,
Whereas Mathias Eichorn late of said Waldoborough in the County of Lincoln yeoman deceased having while he lived and at the time of his decease goods, chattle, rights or credits in the County afore saidlately died Intestate whereby the power of Committing Administration and full disposition of all and singular the goods, chattles, rights, and credits of the said deceased, and also the hearing examining and allowing the accompt of such Administration doth appertain unto me: granting therefore in your care and fidelity I do by these __________ Commit unto you full power ________ to
administer all and singular the goods, chattles, rights and credits of the said deceased, and well and faithfully to disprose of the same according to law, and also to ______gather, levy, recover andreceive all and whatsoever the credits of the said deceased which to him while he lived and at the time of his death did appertain, and to pay all debts in which the said deceased stood bound so far as his goods, chattles, rights and credits can extend according to the value thereof: and to make a true and perfect Inventory of all andsingular the goods, chattles, rights and credits of the said deceased, and to exhibit the same into the Registry of the Court of Probate for the County aforesaid at or before the Twenty ninth day of July next ensuing: and to render a plain and true acrompt of your said Administration upon Oath at ot before the twenty ninth day of April which will be in the year of our Lord One Thousand SevenHundred and Seventy Eight. And I hereby Ordain Constitute and appoint you Administratix of all and singular the goods, chattles, rights and credits aforesaid - In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and the Seal of the said Court of Probate Dated atPownalborough the Twenty ninth day of April Annogue Domini
Roth Cushing, Registrar
[note: pg 65]
Lincoln Co To Me___ Jacob Ludwig, Frank Miller & John Hunt all of Waldoborough in the County of Lincoln Yeoman - Greeting. You are hereby impowered & directed to take an Inventory of and according to your best skill and judgement truly and justly to apprize all the Estate whereof Mathias Eichorn late of said Waldoborough Yeoman died, siezed or [professed ?] in the County aforesaid - And you are to make return of this warrant with your doings therein into the Probate Office for the same County aforesaid as soon as conveniently may be given under my hand and Seal of Office at Pownalborough in the County, aforesaid, this Twenty ninth day of April AD 1777 ---
Jona Bowman, Judge of Probate.
Examed by Roth Cushing Reg
Lincoln Co April sa 1777 Then within named Frank Miller was sworn to the faithful discharge of his duty, as an apprizer of the Estate within mentioned.
Before me Jona Bowman, Judge of Probate
Lincoln Co May 20th 1777 then the within named Jacob Ludwig was sworn to the faithful discharge of his duty as an apprizer of the Estate within mentioned
Before me Waterman Thomas, Just a Pacis
Lincoln Co June 9th 1777
Then the within named John Hunt was sworn to the faithful discharge of his duty as an apprizer of the Estate within mentioned.
Before me Waterman Thomas, Just a Pacis
Examed by Roth Cushing Reg
Waldoborough April the 29. 1777. An Inventory of the Estate of Mathias Eichorn deceased of Waldoborough aforesaid in the County of Lincoln of all the illegibleReal Estate
one Lot of Land containing one hundred acres and one Grist Mill price Lawfull Money100-00-00
and one Third of a saw mill40-00-00
One yoak of oxen price12-00-00
two cows price1-14-00
one heiffer four sheep one lamb price3-14-00
two hoggs, one iron illegible1-14-00
[note: pg 66 ]
two iron kettles and one tea kettle0-14-00
two iron trammels an old ax0-08-00
one ax, one little iron pot, one siuyder?00-15-00
one old syth, two irons, illigible, two hoes00-19-00
one dung hook, one large hatchet, one hay fork00-10-00
one old hay fork, three hammers, two chizzles00-05-10
two augres, one gouge, one pair of pinchers00-06-06
one clevis pin, one fish spear, one tore handle00-02-00
one trawing knife two buls, one carch bell00-11-00
one undecipherable, two frying pans00-12-00
one churn, six undecipherable, one half bushel
one gridiron, one button mould, three whetstones00-04-06
one large aurge, one saw, one small augre & a
two chains, one gun, one pewter guard pot03-05-06
one pewter platter, one plate, eight pewter plates 00-06-00
six pewter spoons, three knifes, eight forks, one pair undeciperable00-07-00
one razor, one gimplit, two lamps, one table00-04-00
one foot weal, one funnel, six earthen pots,
one spinning weal, one bread troft, one cagg00-04-04
one hay barrel, one illegible, one pair breeches00-19-00
one jacket, one chest, one ditto02-00-00
three chest, two bracks00-10-00
one plough, one iron stofe04-00-00
one bed and bedding, one illegible jacket02-01-00
five thousand and seven hundred marchanable boards 09-00-00
one [?] thousand clear boards00-16-00
one clevis pin, one grindstone00-03-06
one and a quarter [?] of steele00-05-00
one iron froe, one [?], two bottles00-03-08
one [?] line: one pair shoes00-10-08
three pou'd of iron, one stub scythe00-07-07
brought from the other side30-02-10
Jacob Ludwig and Frank Miller Lincoln Co June 6 1777 illegible on the estate of the said Mathias Eichorn deceased made oath that this
[note: pg 66]
Inventory contains all the estate of said deceased, _______know of at, ____________ind that when she shall know of more she will render an account of it into the probate office of this County.
Before me Jona Bowman Judge of Probt
exam by Roth Cushing Reg
Lincoln Co to Jonathan Bowman Esq & Judge of the Probate of Wills__-June 26.1777
The account of Margaret Eichorn as she is administrex on the Estate of Mathias Eichorn late of Waldoboro in said County yeoman deed is humbley undeciperable for allowance as follows
Impl. The said Admintrex- _________ herself with the personal Estate of said dec. as p. Inventory }
undecipherable The said Adminx prays allowance for the ditto ["=do] paid is as follows viz.
For Cash pd a debt to Geor. Cramer02-11-04
For"paid Benja Palmer02-18-06
For"paid Eva Reed00-17-00
For"paid John Eichorn09-17-00
For"paid John Tenet03-00
For"paid Mary Eichorn02-05-04
For"paid Godfrey Fuler02-00
For"paid John Levingetter08-00
For"paid Danl Feilheur01-02-00
For"paid Christian Clein00-14-00
For"paid Geor Foshainn00-05-02
For"paid Andrew Shank00-08-04
For"paid Levi Keene02-05-04
For"paid Job. Hewet00-10-04
For"paid Waterman Thomas Esq00-05-0L
For"paid Peter Cramer04-05-06
For"paid [no name ]01-01-00
For"paid David Vinal00-05-00
For"paid Peter Creamer [2nd entry]04-05-06
For"paid John Hunt01-13-04
[note: pg 67]
For"paid Jacob Ludwig00-16-00
For"paid Frank Miller01-00-00
For a debt paid George Cline00-09-04
For Funeral Expenses02-05-00
For the Adm time, trouble, expense in the adm to the Judge of Regt10-15-06
For an allowance to the widow16-00-00
A true acct, Errors exceptedL 66-06-06
Margaret (+ her mark) Eichorn
Lincoln Co. June 27.1777 then the said Margaret Eichorn made oath that the aforewritten account is a just and true one.
Before me Jona. Bowman Judge of Probt.
exam of allow by Jona. Bowman Judge of Probt
exam by Roth Cushing, Reg