ADARE CASTLE, Limerick. A Fitzgerald stronghold.Only one wall survives of the original (written c.1836), nearly-square keep - surrounded by an inner bailey, a gatehouse for a drawbridge and a fosse.The outer ward has a gate and two towers. The castle has two great halls by the river, the earlier and smaller being the first-floor hall, containing round-headed paired windows, dating from c.1200, and the other being a 13th century ground-floor hall.
LIMERICK-Various Anglo-Norman settlements were made in the county (which was one of the 12 counties formed by King John in 1210 ) under Thomas Fitzgerald, son of Maurice Fitzgerald, and others. King Edward III in 1329 granted to Maurice Fitz-Thomas ???(is this a mis-print) the name & honour of Earl of Desmond. In 1331 The Earl of Desmond was committed to the custody of the Marshal of Limerick. In 1367 Thomond took prisoner, the Lord-Justice Gerald Fitzgerald. In 1388 Gerald, Earl of Desmond was keeper of the peace in counties Limerick & Kerry.
KERRY - JAMES Fitzgerald, Earl of Desmond 1425, was Lord of the liberties of Kerry.
Augustinian BLACK ABBEY, Limerick - Founded in 1315 by the 1st EARL OF KILDARE, the structure dates mostly from the 15th century.The cloistergarth of c.1470 with the Fitz-Gerald saltire carved in the north spandrels of the east arcade.
NAAS-16miles sw Dublin.In 1316 the town was sacked by the Scots.In 1534 the lord-Deputy Skeffington took the town from Lord Thomas Fitzgerald who was then in rebellion.