It looks like Thomas Adair, who immigrated from Ireland to Pennsylvania then to S.C. in the early to mid-1700s, was a descendant of King James II of Scotland as follows (the child of the previous generation is listed on the left and that person's spouse is on the right):
King James II of Scotland = Maria von Guelders
Mary Stuart = James Hamilton
Elizabeth Hamilton = Matthew Stewart
Agnes Stewart = William Edmonstone
James Edmonstone = Helen Stirling
William Edmonstone = Isabel Haldane
Jean Edmonstone = Robert Adair
Jean Adair = Patrick Adair (her cousin)
Alexander Adair = ?
Thomas Adair = ?
But several generations in this lineage still must be proven.I invite everyone to join me in the search for contemporaneous documents in Scotland, Ireland, and the U.S. (i.e., christening, marriage, death, deeds, wills, etc.) which will prove or disprove this lineage.
The uncertain connections are:
1. Was James Edmonstone a son of Agnes Stewart or a son of William Edmonstone's second wife, Margaret Campbell?Several compiled genealogies say he was a son of Margaret Campbell, but the following evidence indicates that he actually was a son of Agnes Stewart.
James Hamilton, first Earl of Arran, married firstly Euphemia Graham, daughter of Patrick Graham, Earl of Strathearn, in about 1441.James and Euphemia had one daughter: Elizabeth [born in about 1443], who married David, Earl of Crawford, afterwards Duke of Montrose.James also had several children out of wedlock during his first marriage.Euphemia died between August 1 and November 1, 1468.James married secondly Mary Stuart, sister of King James III of Scotland and widow of Thomas Boyd, Earl of Arran, after [contract] April 1474.James and Mary had two children: James [born in about 1475], who married Elizabeth Hume; and Elizabeth--second daughter by this name--[born in about 1480], who married Matthew Stewart, second Earl of Lennox.James died before November 6, 1479, when he was succeeded by his son, James.Mary died apparently in 1488.(Sir James Balfour Paul, Lord Lyon King of Arms, editor, “The Scots Peerage,” (Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1907), vol. iv, pp. 349-355)
Matthew Stewart, second Earl of Lennox, [born after May 15, 1438] married firstly Margaret, daughter of Lord John Lyle, before June 13, 1480.Matthew and Margaret had two children: John [born in about 1488], who married Elizabeth Stewart after January 19, 1511; and Margaret [born in about 1490], who married John Fleming before March 12, 1508/9.Matthew married secondly Elizabeth, daughter of James Hamilton, first Earl of Arran, after [contract] April 9, 1491.Matthew and Elizabeth had three children: Mungo [born in about 1500], who was a lieutenant in the Scots Guards in France from 1521 to 1553; Elizabeth [born in about 1502], who married Hugh Campbell; and Agnes [born in about 1504], who married William Edmonstone of Duntreath.Matthew Stewart died 1513-1515, when he was succeeded by his son, John.Elizabeth was alive in April 1531.(Sir James Balfour Paul, Lord Lyon King of Arms, editor, “The Scots Peerage,” (Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1907), vol. v, pp. 348-351)
James Campbell of Lawers married firstly Marion Forrester, daughter of Sir Walter Forrester of Torwood, before 1517.James and Marion had four children: Archibald [born in about 1519]; John [born in about 1521]; Margaret [born in about 1523], who married Sir William Edmonstone of Duntreath; and Janet [born in about 1525].Marion died in Strathearn on October 31, 1527.James married secondly Janet Gray, daughter of Lord Andrew Gray, before September 28, 1530.He married thirdly Isobel Hay, who survived him.James died February 12, 1561/62.(Sir James Balfour Paul, Lord Lyon King of Arms, editor, “The Scots Peerage,” (Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1907), vol. v, pp. 500-502)
Sir William Edmonstone of Duntreath married Agnes Stewart, youngest daughter of Matthew Stewart, second Earl of Lennox, who was killed at the battle of Flodden [on September 9, 1513], and Elizabeth Hamilton, daughter of Lord James Hamilton and Lady Mary Stuart, daughter of King James II of Scotland.The marriage between Sir William Edmonstone and Lady Agnes Stewart is attested by a charter dated 1522.Sir William Edmonstone married, secondly, Margaret, daughter of Sir James Campbell of Lawers.This marriage is attested by a charter of the lands of Cambuswallace dated 1545.Sir William Edmonstone’s will is dated March 1, 1580.He was succeeded by his sole surviving son, James.(Sir Archibald Edmonstone of Duntreath, Baronet, "Genealogical Account of the Family of Edmonstone of Duntreath," (Edinburgh, 1875), pp. 38, 39, 40)
Sir James Edmonstone, heir of Sir William Edmonstone of Duntreath, married firstly Helen Stirling, daughter of Sir James Stirling of Keir and Jean Chisholm, daughter of Bishop William Chisholm of Dumblane.They had four children: William [born in about 1562], who married Isobel Haldane of Gleneagles; Mary [born in about 1564], who married John Cunningham of Cunninghamhead; Marjory [born in about 1566]; and Helen [born in about 1568], who married John Lennox.Sir James married secondly Margaret Colquhoun, daughter of Sir John Colquhoun of Luss and Agnes Boyd, daughter of Lord Robert Boyd, in 1585.Sir James died at an advanced age in or about 1618. (Sir Archibald Edmonstone of Duntreath, Baronet, "Genealogical Account of the Family of Edmonstone of Duntreath," (Edinburgh, 1875), pp. 46, 47)
William Edmonstone of Duntreath was appointed one of the justices or commissioners, with many others of the nobility and gentry, for repressing Jesuits and seminary Priests, by an Act of the General Assembly, dated March 6, 1589 [Since justices or commissioners normally are over 25 years of age when they are appointed, William probably was born before 1564.Since fathers normally are over 22 years of age when their first child is born, Sir James Edmonstone probably was born before1542.Since there is a three in four probability that at least one of William Edmonstone’s sisters was born before him, Sir James Edmonstone probably was born before 1540.Since Sir James Edmonstone probably was born at least five years before his father married Margaret Campbell, he probably was a son of Agnes Stewart.].(Sir Archibald Edmonstone of Duntreath, Baronet, "Genealogical Account of the Family of Edmonstone of Duntreath," (Edinburgh, 1875), pp. 46, 47)
2. Was Alexander Adair a son of Jean Adair or a son of one of Rev. Patrick Adair's other wives?Compiled genealogies say he was a son of Jean Adair, but I would like to find contemporaneous documents to confirm the connection.Here is what I've found on this relationship so far.
Patrick Adair, 3rd son of John Adair, Genoch, Galloway; b. 1624; educ. Glasgow, 1644; ord. Carincastle (O.C.), 7 May 1646; Nov. 1655, ordered to be paid L50 on 25 Dec. and 25 March.May 1656, to preach at L100 per ann. from 25 March last; dep. in 1661.Letter from Capt. Arthur Chichester to Ormond, from Carrickfergus, dated 29 May 1663, to say that he has arrested Adair.He was sent to Dublin for alleged complicity in Blood's Plot.Continued to minister in Carincastle till 13 Oct. 1674, when he was inst. at Belfast.Accompanied Rev. John Abernethy to London in 1689 to congratulate and encourage William, Prince of Orange; was also one of the deputation who welcomed the Prince on his arrival at Belfast in June 1690.He is the author of "The Rise and Progress of Presbyterian Government in Ireland, the MS. of which was lost for many years, but was finally recovered and published in 1866.He was married three times: (1) to Margaret, dau. of Rev. Robert Cunningham, Holywood; (2) to Jean, dau. of Sir Robert Adair, Ballymena; she died in 1675; (3) to Mrs. Elizabeth Anderson, nee Martin.His will is dated 1695.Rev. Wm. Adair (Ballyeaston, 1681-90, and Antrim, 1690-91) was a son by the first mar.; he left two other sons and a dau. Ellen.("Fasti of the Irish Presbyterian Church: 1610-1860")
William Adair, 1st son of Rev. Patrick Adair, Cairncastle and grandson of Rev. Robert Cunningham, Holywood; b. 1651; educ. Scot.; lic. Antrim Presby. 1681; ord. Ballyeaston (1st) 7 Dec. 1681; deputed to welcome William III at Belfast, 1690; one of the first Trustees of the Reg. Don.; res. 1690; inst. Antrim, Nov. 1690; appointed by Gen. Synod 1697 to attend on the Parliament in Dublin with Rev. John McBride "in case a Bill from England be sent to this Kingdom in favour of our legal liberty."Mod. of Gen. Synod 1698; d. 14 Feb 1699.("Fasti of the Irish Presbyterian Church: 1610-1860")
"There has been no minister, at any period in the history of Irish presbyterians, engaged in such a continued series of important transactions as Patrick Adair" (Armstrong)... He married first his cousin Jean (died 1675), second daughter of Sir Robert Adair of Ballymena; second, a widow, Elizabeth Anderson (nee Martin).He left four sons, William (ordained at Ballyeaston 1681, removed to Antrim 1690, and died 1698), Archibald, Alexander, and Patrick (minister at Carrickfergus, died June 1717), and a daughter Helen.(Sir Leslie Stephen and Sir Sidney Lee, editors, "The Dictionary of National Biography," (Oxford University Press, 1917), vol. i, pp. 72, 73)
3. I have only seen information from compiled genealogies stating that Thomas Adair, who immigrated to Pennsylvania then to S.C., was a son of Alexander Adair.I would like to find contemporaneous records to confirm this relationship.
Thanks in advance for your information and thoughts.Shawn