Perhaps there may be more information on Adairs at - NOTES: -- The battles were taken (on 2000Jul26) fromhttp://www.sar.org/dessar/colhall.htmhttp://www.sar.org/dessar/colhall.htm -- "The Delaware Continentals" by Christopher Ward (DESSAR) and "The Story of Delaware in the Revolution" by Charles Green (DESSAR) have considerable information about Delaware's military units. 1775Dec 09 - Congress resolved that a "battalion" should be raised from the lower three counties of Pennsylvania. These three counties are what is now Delaware. Delaware was not yet a completely separate state and was still part of the colony of Pennsylvania. The "battalion", sometimes called a regiment, was made up of eight companies. At full strength a company had a captain, a lieutenant, an ensign, four sergeants, four corporals, and 68 privates (79 men in all). A full-strength regiment would have 544 privates, 64 noncommisioned officers, and about 30 commissioned officers.Enlistment was for one year. 1776 Jan 21 - The list of officers was completed. John Haslet was appointed Colonel and Gunning Bedford Lt. Col. [Ward pp 6] Feb 27 - The Delaware battalion was assigned to the Middle Department (covering the mid-Atlantic states). Apr 12 - The unit was at nearly full strength. Six companies were stationed in Dover and two in Lewes. Arms were in short supply. Haslet noted that Capt. Caldwell was in Lewes with 150 men "completed for the field" but had very few guns in Dover. [Ward pp 7-8] Jun 03 - Congress resolved to establish a "flying camp" of 10,000 militiamen from Pennsylvania, Delaware (apparently they anticipated the separation from Pennsylvania), and Maryland to be led by Gen. Hugh Mercer and to defend New Jersey. Enlistment was for five months. Delaware's unit was led by Col. Samuel Patterson (a miller at Christiana Bridge). Jun 15 - The Assembly of Lower Counties (of Pennsylvania) voted to separate from England and from the rest of Pennsylvania to become the state of Delaware. Aug 05 - The Delaware battalion arrived in Philadelphia with about 200 guns (borrowed from the Kent County militia), but by Aug 8 was fully armed with English muskets and bayonets. [Ward pp 8, 10] Aug 06 - The Delaware battalion was assigned to the Main Army to join the "Flying Camp" under General Hugh Mercer. On August 8 they received orders to proceed to Amboy NJ. [Ward p 15] Aug 25 - Haslet's Delaware battalion was assigned to Stirling's Brigade (Main Army) and moved to New York City. Aug 26 - In the battle of Long Island NY Haslet's Delaware battalion was on the line next to the Maryland Regiment. A strong British attack put DE and MD troops in the crossfire of two British units. Those who escaped fled under grapeshot and heavy musket fire through the Gowanus swamp, which required crossing a deep creek. Some 300 of the 400 men from Maryland died, along with 31 of the 750 Delawareans [DE figure from Ward pp 28-42]. Sep 01 - The Delaware battalion was assigned to Mifflin's Brigade. Oct 08 - Mifflin's Brigade was redesignated as Stirling's Brigade. Oct 09 - Patterson's flying camp battalion of militia, about 480 strong, arrived in Amboy NJ. The only battle in which the unit participated was an attack Oct 14 on a British fort at the east end of Staten Island. This led to skirmish in which one Delawarean died [Ward p 489]. Oct 28 - In battle of White Plains NY Haslet's Delaware battalion fought well. Nov 29 - Both of the Delaware units were in Brunswick together briefly. Patterson's flying camp battalion of militia arrived at Brunswick NJ. They had no tents and their enlistments were to be up in two days. The men resisted entreaties to remain to resist the British advance through New Jersey and instead returned home. before the British forces appeared. That was the end of the Flying Camp. Dec 2-7 - Haslet's regiment remained with Washington and was the rear guard unit during the retreat from Princeton to Trenton. Washington's 2,200 exhausted men crossed the Delaware River, just three miles ahead of 20,000 British troops. [Ward p 99-102; Green p 64] Dec 14-18 - Three New Castle County militia companies under Major Thomas Duff marched to Philadelphia. They did not participate in the battle of Trenton, but remained in service until February 1777. The Light Infantry Company of Dover under Capt. Thomas Rodney (brother of Casesar Rodney) marched its 35 men to Philadelphia and became part of Col. John Cadwalader's Brigade. [Green p 66] Dec 12 - The captains returned to Delaware to recruit, while Col. Haslet and the remaining Delaware troops stayed with Washington. By Dec 22 there were only 100 men on the rolls of the Delaware regiment. [Green p 64] Dec 25 - Haslet's Delaware regiment was among the last units to cross the Delaware River for the surprise attack on the Hessian camp at Trenton NJ. The Delawareans were at the center of the American line (under Stirling), and after several volleys from American cannon they charged down King and Queen Streets, overwhelming all opposition. This victory renewed hope for the cause of independence. Cadwalader's Brigade (with the Dover Light infantry) crossed the river with the goal of providing a supporting attack, but withdrew when he couldn't get his two cannon across. [Green pp 67-68] Dec 27-Jan02 - Cadwalader's Brigade (with the Dover Light infantry) crossed the Delaware into New Jersey and were later joined there by Washington's main force (with Haslet's troops). [Green pp 69] 1777 Jan 01 - The Delaware battalion was renamed the Delaware Continentals and reorganized into eight companies. This was on paper only, as the unit was in the field, with no captains and very few men left. Jan 03 - There were only a half-dozen men in the Delaware regiment at the battle of Princeton NJ. Washington's surprise night-time withdrawal and move around Cornwallis' flank was undone by the unexected appearance of several British regiments coming to reinforce Cornwallis. In the sharp battle that followed Gen. Hugh Mercer of New Jersey was killed. Soon after that Delaware's Col. John Haslet was shot through the head and died instantly. Cadwalader's Brigade helped stem the British attack and later drove them from the field. In all, 23 Americans died at Princeton. [Green pp 69-71] Jan 06 - Rodney's Light Infantry were asked to be Washington's guard during winter camp at Morristown NJ, but their enlistments were up and on January 14 they left for home. [Green p 72] March - Lt. Col. David Hall was promoted to Colonel to lead the Delaware Regiment. Some 312 soldiers of the new Delaware Regiment marched into camp at Morristown. May 11 - Samuel Patterson was now a colonel of the New Castle County militia regiment, encamped at Naamans Creek. By July he and two other colonels, Thomas Duff and Richard Cantwell, had raised 1,075 men for duty, although ammunition was in scarce supply, with only about four rounds per man. [Ward pp 502, 506] May 22 - The Delaware Regiment assigned to 1st Maryland Brigade (Main Army) under Gen. William Smallwood. After an attack to ravage Staten Island they marched south to oppose the British invasion of Delaware. [Green p 75] Aug 25 - British troops landed at Elkton MD, and marched into Delaware. They camped near Newark DE. Sep 03 - British and U.S. troops skimished in the vicinity of Cooch's Bridge (over Christiana Creek) north of Glasgow, Delaware. Sep 11 - At the battle of the Brandywine (near the Delaware- Pennsylvania border) the Delaware Continentals were with General Stirling's reserve units at the rear when a surprise flanking attack by the British threw them into the thick of battle. They fought well and managed an orderly retreat under fire. Oct 04 - At battle of Germantown (Pennsylvania) the Delaware Regiment's attack went well at first, but then they ran short of ammunition and scattered when their deep advance on a narrow front left them surrounded by the enemy. The Delaware Regiment suffered heavy losses. Col. Hall was severely wounded and did not fight again. 1778Jun 28 - The Delaware Regiment participated in the battle of Monmouth NJ. Jul 22 - The Delaware Regiment was assigned to 3rd Virginia Brigade (Main Army). Capt. Allen McLane's company was assigned to the 2nd Partisan Corps 1778 Dec 16 to 1779 Jan 13. 1779 May 12 - The Delaware Regiment was reorganized into nine companies and assigned to the 2nd Maryland Brigade (Main Army) under Col. William Gist and Gen Johann de Kalb.
1780 Apr 05 - The 2nd Maryland Brigade was assigned to the Southern Army. The Delaware Regiment marched south led by Lt. Col. Vaughan, with only about 300 men. Aug 16 - At the battle of Camden SC the Delaware Regiment suffered heavy losses. All officers above captain were captured and 48 men died. Gen de Kalb also died. After this time the unit had no colonel and ceased to function as a regiment. Sep 03 - The Delaware Regiment was reorganized into two companies under captains Robert Kirkwood and Peter Jaquett. 1781 Jan 01 - The two Delaware companies were assigned to the Maryland Brigade (Southern Army). Jan 17 - The two Delaware companies participated in the battle of Cowpens SC. Mar 15 - The two Delaware companies participated in the battle of Guilford Courthouse SC. Apr 25 - The two Delaware companies participated in the battle of Hobkirk's Hill (in Camden SC). summer - Two additional Delaware companies were formed at Christiana Bridge DE. Sep 8 - The two Delaware companies in the south participated in the battle of Eutaw Springs SC [??? was DE there?] 1782 Jan 04 - The four Delaware companies were reorganized into two companies. 1783 Jan 17 - The four Delaware companies were furloughed at Christiana Bridge DE. Nov 15 - The four Delaware companies were disbanded.