Thanks, I think that I can make a connection here.
It looks like the Adairs who appeared on the Greenbrier County, Virginia personal property tax list from 1796 through 1798, and then, when Monroe County was formed from Greenbrier in 1799, appeared on the Monroe County tax list from 1799 through at least 1805, and possibly later, may be the same family of John and Elizabeth Adair that later appeared in Madison County, Ohio.This family is said to be from Staunton, in Augusta County in online genealogies.The tax records are below.Frederick Honaker is noted because John Adair bought land from him in1804.Other Honaker/Adair connections include Abraham Honaker, Frederick's brother, who lived next to James Addair of Montgomery County on the 1810 census, and William Adair, James Addair's son, who married Rebecca Harrell//Herald, whose mother was "a Honaker" (haven't pinned her down yet).
(this is going to be very long and tedious, but I don't want to leave out anything that might be important - sorry!)
Greenbrier County, Virginia (now West Virginia)
1796 List A - John Henderson's list
p. 3, April 18, John Addair1 tithe, 2 horses
1797 List A - John Henderson's list
p. 4 May 11, John Addare 1 tithe, 2 horses
p. 7 May 11, Frederick Honicker 1 tithe, 2 horses
1798 LIst A - William Vawter's list
May 22 John Adair 1 tithe, 2 horses
May 22 Frederick Honecar 1 tithe, 2 horses
Monroe County, Virginia (now West Virginia)
May 13Robert Adair, 1 tithe, 1 horse
John Adair, 1 tithe, 2 horses
May 14 Frederick Honecor, 1 tithe, 2 horses
May 30 John Adair, 2 tithes, 3 horses
Robert Adair, 1 tithe, 1 horse
May 30 Frederick Honecar 1 tithe, 2 horses
April 3 John Adair, 2 tithes, 1 horse
May 7 Frederick Honecer 1 tithe, 3 horses
April 27 John Adair 2 tithes, 3 horses
May 19 Robert Adair 1 tithe, 1 horse
May 29 Frederick Honicer 1 tithe, 3 horses
May 30 John Adear Sr.1 tithe, 4 horses
John Adear Jr. 1 tithe, 2 horses
May 13 Frederick Honaker, 1 tithe, 2 horses
May 2 Robert Adair, 1 tithe
John Adair, 1 tithe, 3 horses (page is smudged)
John Adair 2nd, 1 tithe, 1 horse
May 3 Frederick Honaker, 2 tithes, 4 horses
April 13Robert Adair 1 tithe, 1 horse
John Adair Jr., 1 tithe, 1 horse
John Adair Sr.,1 tithe, 4 horses
April 30 Frederick Honaker 2 tithes, 3 horses
April 12 Robert Adair, 1 tithe, 2 horses
April 24 Frederick Honaker, 2 tithes, 5 horses
May 14 William Adair1 tithe, 1 horse
May 3 Frederick Honaker 2 tithes, 6 horses
1808 - no Virginia property taxes
March 30 John Adare 1 tithe, 2 hoses
April 4 William Adareno tithe, 4 horses
April 13 Frederick Honneker 1 tithe, 5 horses
April 17 William Adare1 tithe
April 2 Frederick Honicker 2 tithes, 4 horses
April 7 Jacob Honichre 1 tithe, 2 horses
March 9 William Adare 1 tithe 4 horses
April 19 William Adare Rev'd no tithes, 2 slaves, 4 horses
April 6 Frederick Honicker 2 tithes, 4 horses
April 18 Jacob Honicker 1 tithe, 1 horse
1812 (poor quality record)
April 21 William Adair Rev.(?)no tithe, 2 slaves, 6 horses
March 13 William A (page is torn) 1 tithe, 2 horses
April 4 Frederick Honichre 2 tithes, 3 horses
April 9 Jacob Honickre 1 tithe
After 1812 only Reverend William Adair appears.
In order of their appearance:
1796 John Adair, Sr.
1799 Robert Adair
1803 John Adair Jr.
1807 William Adair
1809 or 1811 Rev. William Adair
This family tree http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/h/a/m/Cindy-Hamling-IA/GENE9-0002.htmlhttp://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/h/a/m/Cindy-Hamling-IA/GENE9-0002.html is one of many for the family of John Adair and Elizabeth McNight of Madison County, Ohio, and lists older children of John Adair and Mary O'Donnell
Children of JOHN ADAIR and MARY O'DONNELL are:
JOHN3 ADAIR, b. Bet. November 11, 1782 - 1783, Stauton, Augusta Co., Virginia; d. January 19, 1859, Madison Co., Ohio.
ROBERT ADAIR, b. 1784.
WILLIAM ADAIR, b. Bet. 1785 - 1786, Augusta Co., Virginia; d. 1822, Madison Co., Ohio.
MARGARET A. ADAIR, b. 1788.
SAMUEL ADAIR, b. Bet. July 14 - September 14, 1790, Augusta Co., Virginia; d. June 12, 1849, Madison Co., Ohio.
John Jr. and William appear on the tax list in Monroe County in the year they turned 21.Robert appears in 1799, when John Adair's son Robert would have been 15, according to this genealogy, so either this is a different Robert, or the birthdate is mistaken.
Other Adair records in this neighborhood:
Deed: 1804 Frederick & Rachel Honaker to John Adair Deed Bk A pg 317 20 A (Monroe County)
Marriage:August 10, 1809 - William Adair and Aleanor Davis married by Josiah Osborn, Greenbrier marriage Book 1-A (Eleanor Davis was wife of Rev. William)
1810 census for Monroe County: William Adair - - 1 - 1 - - - - 1 - 5 (M252, Roll 70 p. 6)
one male 16-25, one male 45 and over, one female 45 and over, 5 slaves
1810 census for Monroe County: William Adire or Adere - - 1 - - - - ------- (M252, Roll 70, p. 33)
one male 16-25
Marriage: October 16, 1810 Adair, William; Smith, Catharine, Min. ret. p. 13 (Monroe County)
(This is from some notes I took over 40 years ago, and didn't reference well - but I believe I found it at Cornell)
Deed: from Morton's History of Monroe County p. 98 there is a land sale, noted as
Neel, William - of William (Catharine) Adair - hd Second - P by Michael Penturff - sold to Barnabas Johnson - 1812
Also from the Monroe Co. Order Book #1, p. 306:
This indenture of Bargain & Sale from William Adare & Catharine his wife to William Neele acknowledged etc. October 20, 1812
Reverend William Adair is the graduate of Glasgow College, Scotland, who was involved in the 1798 United Irishmen Rebellion, and later was a minister in Monroe County.He married Eleanor Davis in Greenbrier County in 1809 (the William Adair in 1809 with no tithe and 4 horses may be this William - perhaps he was not tithed because he was a clergyman?).Did he come to the Monroe/Greenbrier area because of connections to John Adair's family?
William Adair, son of John Adair and Mary O'Donnell, is listed in online genealogies as having an unknown wife, and four daughters, the first named Catharine - interesting in view of the 1810 marriage between William Adair and Catharine Smith, and the 1812 land sale - Catharine Smith may be the missing wife.
Perhaps John Sr., John Jr., Robert and William moved to Ohio over a period of several years, from around 1806 to 1812?
The online genealogies noted above list both Mary O'Donnell and Elizabeth McKnight as wives of this John Adair.A John Adair and Mary O'Donnell were married by 1773, according to Chalkley.John Adair and Elizabeth McKnight were married in 1791.It does appear that this John Addair had older children when he married Elizabeth, and must have had an earlier wife, but it seems odd that but their birthdates range from 1782 to 1790.
Is there a record (maybe a Bible record?) that shows these two John Adairs are the same?Or was it assumed because John Adair had to have an earlier wife, and Mary O'Donnell is recorded in Chalkley?