I have quite a bit of information on the Adams of Goochland. However, I do not have a James that fits your description.
My ancestor James Adams from Goochland Co. was born about 1724.He had a son James in 1753 probably in Albemarle County (near Goochland). He died in 1835 in Elbert Co., GA.His wife was Jane Cunningham.James and Jane had seven children:Mourning, William Henry, Anne Thomson, Jane (or Gency), Elizabeth, Samuel and John C.There was no child James.The youngest child, John C. was born about 1800.
I feel that your James has to be related to this family. The earliest known Adams from Goochland was Robert Adams who married Mourning Lewis.He was born about 1690 and died June of 1740.He had two sons, my ancestor James and an older son Robert. THey both ended up with land in Goochland County.Robert had a son named James also.James wife's name was Mary Irvine and they had no son named James.
Please give some more information about your James and his family.I will try to help you find your Goochland relative.