John, thank you for your posting.But first, my apologies for the slow response.I have been involved in a number of activities, but have tried to revisit our ancestor's NC area several time to see if I could turn up more information.
I think your supposition is very logical. Apparently, Simon's death was not expected, and he may not have had time to provide for his son George by his first wife Rachel. (Simon had a brother George, and it would be logical to name a son George.)Rachel Reid, (1st wife of John Simon Adams), was the oldest child of Nathaniel Reid, RS, who had a large family.It would make sense to me that your George could have been living with his mother's family since he would have been quite young when John Simon married Elizabeth my ancestor and his 2nd wife.I don't know enough about the Reid's to attempt to identify all his family to see if there was an extra son in the 1800 census records.
The real problem for me was trying to find Reuben's 1/2 brother Phillip:should be an easy name to trace, but I am afraid that the records on-line have been so blurred by researcher assumptions that it would be impossible to find. One fear for my was that perhaps the John Adams branch that was in MD, may somehow connect to Simon, because of the Phillip Pearson Adams b in NC that was said to have moved to MD.Our Phillip may be the one that moved to MD, GA, or, ? if we look at the available sources.
I had at one point thought that your George would have been the son of Phillip Pearson Adams, who was born bef 1785 to receive the property in 1806 from Simon - probably when he turned 21. Simon and Rachel would have been aged up to 27/26 if Phillip had been born in 1785, and only 34/33 when your George was born.
Although Phillip could have been born a few years before 1785, I think it might be stretching it to consider George as a possible son of Phillip.It make sense that he was a full brother to Phillip & Ann.
I have Rachel (Reid) Adams dying after abt. 1788, but she just noticed that she was alive for the 1800 census, in my Notes for Simon, RS.
I am going to deviate and include some more information below about our early Adams to get it included in this info trail.This info has to be verified.I'm showing the first 3 USA generations.
Margaret Wells has so much knowledge of the VA Adams and resulted in my further researching. (Too much garbage on line)Had expected to get to VA to do more direct research over the years, but never did. It's interesting as it is possible that my Walker's in Northumberland knew these Adams in NC - and perhaps migrated in the same directions about the same time.
This information is outlined by different people, and I hope to continue to pursue to get adequate proof.my earliest generation possiblity was faulty, and these may be also. Perhaps it can help you and others.Hope that you and Meredith can put this issue to "rest:" DNA will legitimize the information when that is possible.It is being quite successful with the Walker groups, even thought we have a myriad of entirely different Walker's.W. Ray Walker
Descendants of John Adams(DRAFT- Work in Progress)
Generation No. 1
1.JOHN1 ADAMS was born 07 Aug 1595 in Plymouth, Plymouth Co., MA, and died 1633 in Plymouth Co., MA.He married ELEANOR NEWTON.She was born 1598 in Marshfield, Plymouth Co., MA.
Notes for JOHN ADAMS:
This John and Eleanor are shown as parents of John Adams, 2nd below, but this may be a mistake as the latter was supposedly born in NY in several references. (One can't just always accept the birth places without verifications of some sort for the early families.)
Child of JOHN ADAMS and ELEANOR NEWTON is:
2. i. JOHN2 ADAMS, (2ND), b. 1620, Flushing, Long Island Co., NY.
Generation No. 2
2.JOHN2 ADAMS, (2ND) (JOHN1) was born 1620 in Flushing, Long Island Co., NY.He married ELIZABETH RUSSELL PHIPPING.
Notes for JOHN ADAMS, (2ND):
Adams GenForum # 20389 by Margaret Wells offers other possibilities that William was not the father of John Adams, carpenter, who married Katherine.Her postings creates confusion to the compiler as John was born about the time that William died, and it is difficult to believe that they were brothers as she proposes, although it could be possible. She stated that Dr. William Adams of Northumberland Co., who died ca 1657/8 was likely a brother of John. In any event, the compiler used references in ancestry.com to connect these parents, John Adams & Elizabeth Russell (Phipping).(These sources need to be verified.)
Children of JOHN ADAMS and ELIZABETH PHIPPING are:
3. i. JOHN3 ADAMS, b. Abt. 1657, Northumberland Co., VA; d. 1725, Hunting Creek, Stafford Co., VA.
ii. JAMES ADAMS, b. NJ.
Generation No. 3
3.JOHN3 ADAMS (JOHN2, JOHN1) was born Abt. 1657 in Northumberland Co., VA, and died 1725 in Hunting Creek, Stafford Co., VA1.He married KATHERINE NAPIER 1672 in Stafford Co., VA, daughter of CAPT. NAPIER and MARY PERRIN.She was born Abt. 1660 in Northumberland Co., VA, and died 1750 in Stafford Co., VA.
Notes for JOHN ADAMS:
According to ancestry.com,Elliott Ancestry, John and Elizabeth came to the USA in 1677, but same source has Elizabeth born 1651 in Stafford Co., VA. Other sources in familysearch.org have him born in Northumberland Co., VA, son of John Adams, instead of William.
According to Adams GenForum #18513, John originally lived between the Coan and Wicomico and later owned property at Acckeed, as did his son John Jr.
Adams Genforum # 18813:
"Northern Neck Adams family were resident in the area from as early as 1658.
John Adams with wife Katherine (of unknown last name) may have been the son of one William Adams who died in 1677. That John Adams, neighbor to the Norman family, originally lived between the Coan and Wicomico and later owned property at Accokeek, as did his son John Adams Jr. By 1725, the Accokeek property had been sold...and John Adams and his family had migrated upriver to the head of the Occoquan. John Adams Jr was married to a woman named Elizabeth at the time of his death ca 1751. By tax records John Adams Jr was likely born ca 1689. It is believed that he married a daughter of George or John Nipper, based purely on the unusual name of son Nipper Adams.
"There was a John Adams listed as a headright by one Roger Johns in Northampton in 1645. Although likely of the same family, it is felt that that man is too young to be John Adams who married Katherine. The man who married Katherine was likely born in 1660 or so. Northumberland Co records suggest that this couple had -- in addition to John Jr, a son James, a son Daniel, and a daughter Catherine.
John Adams Jr and Elizabeth are known to have had a son John, likely born after 1714. Land grant records suggest that he is the John Adams who failed to take up a 1742 land grant near that of his brother George and his father John Jr.
"Philip and Sylvester Adams are sons of Gabriel Adams who may or may not be another child of John and Catherine. The John Adams who married Susannah is Gabriel's son. John Adams III, the son of John Adams Jr and Elizabeth is believed to be the man who married Eleanor (possibly Powell).
Almost the entire descendancy of this Adams family migrated to southern Virginia and northern North Carolina, as did descendants of John Adams of Charles Co MD and Francis Adams (also of Charles Co MD). There is some evidence to suggest these families are related, but the relationship would date back to sometime before 1650."
Ancestry.com had also children: Benjamin, Richard, Phillip, and Sylvester, who were added to the file in June 2006.
It's is difficult to determine where John was born, as different records have, England; Church Hill, Fairfax Co., VA; Hartford, CT; & Northumberland Co., VA.One records had him moving to America from England in 1677, but we know that the Adams family were in Northumberland Co., VA, as early as 1658, about the time that John was born so he was probably born in Northumberland Co., VA.
Notes for KATHERINE NAPIER:
Posting in Adams GenForum # 20389, would indicate that the last name was Nipper, not Napier, and she was connected to the family of James Nipper of Scotland.
More About JOHN ADAMS and KATHERINE NAPIER:
Marriage: 1672, Stafford Co., VA
Children of JOHN ADAMS and KATHERINE NAPIER are:
i. JOHN4 ADAMS, JR., b. Abt. 1673, Stafford Co., VA; d. Abt. 1751, Church Hills, Fairfax Co., VA; m. ELIZABETH JOHNS, Abt. 1695, VA; b. Bet. 1677 - 1686.
Notes for ELIZABETH JOHNS:
She was believed to be a daughter of George or John Nipper, based purely on the unusual name of child, Nipper Adams.
More About JOHN ADAMS and ELIZABETH JOHNS:
Marriage: Abt. 1695, VA
ii. JAMES ADAMS, b. Aft. 1672.
iii. DANIEL ADAMS, b. Aft. 1672.
Notes for DANIEL ADAMS:
Margaret Wells in Adams GenForum # 20389 claims that she descended from this Daniel.She refers to him as "Daniel Adams on the Pantherskin Run of Goose Creek."
iv. CATHERINE ADAMS, b. Aft. 1672.
v. BENJAMIN ADAMS, b. Abt. 1677, Stafford Co., VA.
vi. RICHARD ADAMS, b. Abt. 1678, Stafford Co., VA.
vii. PHILLIP ADAMS, b. Abt. 1679.
1.Some records have him dying before 4 Nov 1726.