Dear Ms. Dickens:Let me clear something up before it goes any further.I have NEVER intended to imply that the Lawless book has wrong information. The author of this book had the same problems as many others do in that the Buckingham Co., VA records were burned.All that is available are tax records which are somewhat helpful. When the researcher of the Lawless book went to Buckingham Co., VA to go deeper in the past (mid 1700's), she discovered that the records had been destroyed, and so she did not seek information past that time.So she just stated they came over from England and "settled in" Buckingham, VA. and that was her starting point for the book.
What I have implied is that many have misinterpreted this information and stated that the Adcocks came directly from England in the 1730's and went directly to Buckingham, VA. That is incorrect.
I do have copies of some correspondence from the genealogy researcher who provided (for a fee)some information for the Adcock Kinfolks books. He, too, believed that the Adcocks in Buckingham, VA originated from Joseph Adcock who came from Essex Co. I will again give my studied and researched opinion (though we have no written proof). The Joseph who many of Buckingham researchers state was likely born around 1725 would have been the SON of Joseph Adcock and Elizabeth Bryan who were the last Adcocks to leave Essex Co. He was likely not the first son of Joseph and Elizabeth as first sons were almost never named after the father. THERE ARE NO EXACT DATES AVAILABLE UNLESS COURT RECORDS GAVE AGES AND DATES OR UNLESS THERE WERE PARRISH RECORDS. Joseph and Elizabeth were already married and transacting land deeds in Essex Co. in 1730. The last recorded court note for Joseph and Elizabeth is 1743. Joseph would have been too old to fight in the Revolutionary War.
The information from Debra which she got from her grandmother sounds like the same information that many have. Edward's daughter did marry a Carter and lived in another county. That John may have married a Carter and may have been a son of Joseph and Elizabeth, and John, in turn, sired a son named Joseph who married Susan Cason. That makes sense.
Again, in Buckingham Co., VA by the 1790's there were four JOSEPHS, AT LEAST FOUR JOHNS, ETC., and I have given these before. There was an Elizabeth paying taxes in the late 1700's and she may very well have been the widow of the first Joseph as he would likely have been the largest land holder. The Joseph who was exempt from taxes in the late 1780's and 1790's would have been the son of Joseph and Elizabeth. Since all these Adcocks were in the same tax district, one can safely assume they were all kin.
What you may have to settle for is that your lineage goes back through this first Joseph and Elizabeth Bryan Adcock and he was definitly the only son of John Adcock and Mary Beland. John definitely died in Essex in 1719 and willed everything to his son Joseph (named for his maternal grandfather Joseph Beland and that is confirmed by a court record when Joseph and Elizabeth sold some land and the records state "land he inherited from his maternal grandfather Joseph Beland."). We can assume that John who died in 1719 was the son of Edward Adcock of Essex as he definitly had a son named John. He could also have been the brother of Edward.I have read EVERY court record on these Adcocks in Essex. Edward's son Henry (Henry also died in Essex)named two sons John and Tobias, and these are the two who left Essex in the early 1730's and I have tracked them to just above the border of NC in the 1730's where they helped build roads to when they settle in Granville Co., NC in the 1740's.Both John and Tobias were too old to fight in the Revolution. Tobias quit paying taxes in Granville by 1770 and John died in Granville Co. in 1780. John named all of his children.He was married to Eleanor Hill (daughter of Leonard Hill I whose mother was Eleanor Roy). John andEleanor's oldest son was named Leonard Adcock and he also died in Granville Co. in the late 1790's and has a will. In fact, all of John and Eleanor's children have a will (except his son John),who had three sons (one named John!) who moved to Rutherford Co., TN.So you can see how confusing all the names can be.The key is don't try to make them live 120 years. Betty Adcock Blalock