Whilst researching the history of the surname Addy I came across this information which may be or interest to some people - it came from the Hall of Names Library.
The dark rolling moors of the Scottish/English border are home to this notable surname Addy. The ancient history is closely woven into the rich and beautiful tapestry of the border chronicles.
In-depth research amongst some of the most ancient manuscripts such as the Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, the Inquisitio, the Ragman Rolls, the Domesday Book, baptismals, parish records, tax records and cartularies, researchers found the first record of the name Addy in the country of Berwickshire, Scotland, where it had been seated since before the Norman Conquest of 1066.
The name Addy occurred in many references, and from time to time, the surname was spelt Ade, Addie, Addy, Addey, Eadie, Eddie, Edie, Edey, Aidie, Aidy, Aiddye, Adie, Adey, Addis and these changes in spelling frequently occurred within the family name. Scribes and church officials spelt the names as it sounded, and frequently the spelling changed even during the person's own lifetime.
The family name Addy is believed to be descended originally from the Boernicians. This ancient, founding race of the north were a mixture of Scottish Picts and Angles, a race dating from about the year 400 A.D. By 1000 A.D. this race had formed into discernible Clans and families, perhaps some of the first evidence of the family structure in Britain. From this area we get some of the most impressive names in history, surnames with unique nicknames such as the Sturdy Armstrongs, one of whom was, appropriately, the first to colonise the moon, the Gallant Grahams, the Saucy Scotts, the Angry Kerrs, the Bells, the Nixons, the Famous Dicksons, the Bold Rutherfords, the Pudding Somervilles, and most of the names ending in 'son'.
From these fighting clans of the border the surname Addy was found in Berwick, and after the Conquest they moved south to Northumberland, Westmoreland, Lancashire and Yorkshire. William Ade, Chief of the family rendered homage to King Edward I of England in 1296. This William Ade held estates at Inverkeithing. Later in Yorkshire, Mathilda Addy, Alicia Addy, Robertus Ade, Wilhlmus Addes, Emma Ade, were all recorded branches having land in that county. The Polish branch who settled at Danzig, was headed by Alexander Aidy. They were Burgesses in Aberdeen by the year 1500. Notable amongst the family name during the early history was William Ade, Many Addies made important contributions in Scottish and northern English life. For more details see Zetland Family Histories by F. I. Grant and the Adies of Smiddiegreen by W. MacFarlane.
The Clans on families to the north of the border became Scottish after about the year 1000 A.D. , and to the south they become English. Nevertheless, despite the border, many would still be united clans, but strangely loyal to the defence of their respective countries.
Clan feuds became so intense that in 1246 A.D., 6 Chiefs from the Scottish side and 6 from the English side met at Carlisle and created a set of laws for all the border territory. These were unlike any laws prevailing in England or Scotland or, for that matter, anywhere else in the world. For refusal of assistance when called, a person could be hanged on the instant, without at trial. While clans were on this 'hot trod' to recover stolen property, (from which we get the modern expression "hot to trot"), they were protected from almost all eventualities.
In 1603, the crowns of Scotland and England unified under James VI of Scotland who found it expedient to disperse the 'unruly border clans'. The Border Clans were dispersed to England, northern Scotland and to Ireland. Some were banished directly to the Colonies.
In Ireland, they were granted lands previously held by the Catholic Irish. They signed an 'undertaking' to remain protestant and faithful to the Crown. Early in the seventh century the family first settled in Westmeath and later in county Cork. In Ireland they became known as Aidy, Eadie, Addis and Addy, the later also settled in county Down in north east Ulster.
The New World beckoned and the many settlers in Ireland, known as the Scotch/Irish, became disenchanted. They sailed aboard the armada of sailing ships known as the 'White Sails' which plied the stormy Atlantic. Some called them, less romantically, the 'coffin ships'. Amongst the first pioneers who could be considered kinsmen of the family name Addy, of that same Clan or family, was William Addy who was fined in Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1635 for working on a Sunday; John Ade, his wife and two sons and two daughters, settled in America in 1709; Catherine and Joseph Ade settled in New York in 1874.
These pioneers became the nucleus of the first settlements from Maine to the Cumberland Gap. They provided much of the stock which produced the early presidents and governors of the United States. In Canada they settled in Nova Scotia, the St. Lawrence and the Ottawa Valley.
The family name Addy, provided many prominent contemporaries, William Addie, Architect. The Addies of Great Bar in Warwickshire were the most prominent of the name.
The most ancient grant of a Coat of Arms was researched as;
A red background with a silver stripe on which there are three black leopards faces.
The Crest is;
A gold leopard's face superimposed on a fleur de lys.